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Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality

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Abstract
Many experiments have shown that local biodiversity loss impairs the ability of ecosystems to maintain multiple ecosystem functions at high levels (multifunctionality). In contrast, the role of biodiversity in driving ecosystem multifunctionality at landscape scales remains unresolved. We used a comprehensive pan-European dataset, including 16 ecosystem functions measured in 209 forest plots across six European countries, and performed simulations to investigate how local plot-scale richness of tree species (alpha-diversity) and their turnover between plots (beta-diversity) are related to landscape-scale multifunctionality. After accounting for variation in environmental conditions, we found that relationships between alpha-diversity and landscape-scale multifunctionality varied from positive to negative depending on the multifunctionality metric used. In contrast, when significant, relationships between beta-diversity and landscape-scale multifunctionality were always positive, because a high spatial turnover in species composition was closely related to a high spatial turnover in functions that were supported at high levels. Our findings have major implications for forest management and indicate that biotic homogenization can have previously unrecognized and negative consequences for large-scale ecosystem multifunctionality.
Keywords
biodiversity, beta-diversity, ecosystem functioning, FunDivEUROPE, spatial scale, MULTIPLE ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, LAND-USE, SPECIES RICHNESS, BIODIVERSITY, DIVERSITY, INTENSIFICATION, PERSPECTIVES, METAANALYSIS, STABILITY, TRAITS

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Chicago
van der Plas, Fons, Pete Manning, Santiago Soliveres, Eric Allan, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Kris Verheyen, Christian Wirth, et al. 2016. “Biotic Homogenization Can Decrease Landscape-scale Forest Multifunctionality.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113 (13): 3557–3562.
APA
van der Plas, F., Manning, P., Soliveres, S., Allan, E., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., et al. (2016). Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113(13), 3557–3562.
Vancouver
1.
van der Plas F, Manning P, Soliveres S, Allan E, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Verheyen K, et al. Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 2016;113(13):3557–62.
MLA
van der Plas, Fons, Pete Manning, Santiago Soliveres, et al. “Biotic Homogenization Can Decrease Landscape-scale Forest Multifunctionality.” PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 113.13 (2016): 3557–3562. Print.
@article{7192514,
  abstract     = {Many experiments have shown that local biodiversity loss impairs the ability of ecosystems to maintain multiple ecosystem functions at high levels (multifunctionality). In contrast, the role of biodiversity in driving ecosystem multifunctionality at landscape scales remains unresolved. We used a comprehensive pan-European dataset, including 16 ecosystem functions measured in 209 forest plots across six European countries, and performed simulations to investigate how local plot-scale richness of tree species (alpha-diversity) and their turnover between plots (beta-diversity) are related to landscape-scale multifunctionality. After accounting for variation in environmental conditions, we found that relationships between alpha-diversity and landscape-scale multifunctionality varied from positive to negative depending on the multifunctionality metric used. In contrast, when significant, relationships between beta-diversity and landscape-scale multifunctionality were always positive, because a high spatial turnover in species composition was closely related to a high spatial turnover in functions that were supported at high levels. Our findings have major implications for forest management and indicate that biotic homogenization can have previously unrecognized and negative consequences for large-scale ecosystem multifunctionality.},
  author       = {van der Plas, Fons and Manning, Pete and Soliveres, Santiago and Allan, Eric and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Verheyen, Kris and Wirth, Christian and Zavala, Miguel A and Ampoorter, Evy and Baeten, Lander and Barbaro, Luc and Bauhus, J{\"u}rgen and Benavides, Raquel and Benneter, Adam and Bonal, Damien and Bouriaud, Olivier and Bruelheide, Helge and Bussotti, Filippo and Carnol, Monique and Castagneyrol, Bastien and Charbonnier, Yohan and Coomes, David Anthony and Coppi, Andrea and Bestias, Cristina C and Dawud, Seid Muhie and De Wandeler, Hans and Domisch, Timo and Fin{\'e}r, Leena and Gessler, Arthur and Granier, Andr{\'e} and Grossiord, Charlotte and Guyot, Virginie and H{\"a}ttenschwiler, Stephan and Jactel, Herv{\'e} and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Joly, Fran\c{c}ois-Xavier and Jucker, Tommaso and Koricheva, Julia and Milligan, Harriet and Mueller, Sandra and Muys, Bart and Nguyen, Diem and Pollastrini, Martina and Ratcliffe, Sophia and Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten and Selvi, Federico and Stenlid, Jan and Valladares, Fernando and Vesterdal, Lars and Ziel{\'i}nski, Dawid and Fischer, Markus},
  issn         = {0027-8424},
  journal      = {PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {3557--3562},
  title        = {Biotic homogenization can decrease landscape-scale forest multifunctionality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1517903113},
  volume       = {113},
  year         = {2016},
}

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