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Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men

(2016) ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. 45(4). p.829-841
Author
Organization
Abstract
Snowden, Wichter, and Gray (2008) demonstrated that an Implicit Association Test and a Priming Task both predicted the sexual orientation of gynephilic and androphilic men in terms of their attraction biases towards pictures of nude males and females. For both measures, relative bias scores were obtained, with no information on the separate response biases to each target gender. The present study sought to extend this research by assessing both relative and individual implicit biases using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). An explicit measure screened for men with androphilic (n = 16) or gynephilic (n = 16) orientations on the dimensions of "sexual attraction," "sexual behavior," "sexual fantasies," "hetero/gay lifestyle," and "self identification." The IRAP involved responding "True" or "False" to pictures of nude males and females as either attractive or unattractive. Participants were required to respond in a manner consistent with their reported sexual orientation for half of the IRAP's test blocks and inconsistent for the other half. Response latencies were recorded and analyzed. The IRAP revealed a non-orthogonal pattern of biases across the two groups and had an excellent ability to predict sexual orientation with areas under the curves of 1.0 for the relative bias score and .94 and .95 for the bias scores for the male and female pictures, respectively. Correlations between the IRAP and explicit measures of sexual orientation were consistently high. The findings support the IRAP as a potentially valuable tool in the study of sexual preferences.
Keywords
ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE IRAP, RELATIONAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE, EXPLICIT ATTITUDE-CHANGE, ASSOCIATION TEST, SELF-ESTEEM, HETEROSEXUAL AVERSION, AROUSAL PATTERNS, HOMOSEXUAL MALES, SOCIAL COGNITION, BISEXUAL MEN, Implicit measurement, Sexual orientation, Erotic preference

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Citation

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MLA
Timmins, Liam, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Claire Cullen. “Measuring Implicit Sexual Response Biases to Nude Male and Female Pictures in Androphilic and Gynephilic Men.” ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 45.4 (2016): 829–841. Print.
APA
Timmins, L., Barnes-Holmes, P. M. D., & Cullen, C. (2016). Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, 45(4), 829–841.
Chicago author-date
Timmins, Liam, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Claire Cullen. 2016. “Measuring Implicit Sexual Response Biases to Nude Male and Female Pictures in Androphilic and Gynephilic Men.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 45 (4): 829–841.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Timmins, Liam, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Claire Cullen. 2016. “Measuring Implicit Sexual Response Biases to Nude Male and Female Pictures in Androphilic and Gynephilic Men.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 45 (4): 829–841.
Vancouver
1.
Timmins L, Barnes-Holmes PMD, Cullen C. Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. 2016;45(4):829–41.
IEEE
[1]
L. Timmins, P. M. D. Barnes-Holmes, and C. Cullen, “Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men,” ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 829–841, 2016.
@article{7190630,
  abstract     = {Snowden, Wichter, and Gray (2008) demonstrated that an Implicit Association Test and a Priming Task both predicted the sexual orientation of gynephilic and androphilic men in terms of their attraction biases towards pictures of nude males and females. For both measures, relative bias scores were obtained, with no information on the separate response biases to each target gender. The present study sought to extend this research by assessing both relative and individual implicit biases using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). An explicit measure screened for men with androphilic (n = 16) or gynephilic (n = 16) orientations on the dimensions of "sexual attraction," "sexual behavior," "sexual fantasies," "hetero/gay lifestyle," and "self identification." The IRAP involved responding "True" or "False" to pictures of nude males and females as either attractive or unattractive. Participants were required to respond in a manner consistent with their reported sexual orientation for half of the IRAP's test blocks and inconsistent for the other half. Response latencies were recorded and analyzed. The IRAP revealed a non-orthogonal pattern of biases across the two groups and had an excellent ability to predict sexual orientation with areas under the curves of 1.0 for the relative bias score and .94 and .95 for the bias scores for the male and female pictures, respectively. Correlations between the IRAP and explicit measures of sexual orientation were consistently high. The findings support the IRAP as a potentially valuable tool in the study of sexual preferences.},
  author       = {Timmins, Liam and Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot and Cullen, Claire},
  issn         = {0004-0002},
  journal      = {ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE IRAP,RELATIONAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE,EXPLICIT ATTITUDE-CHANGE,ASSOCIATION TEST,SELF-ESTEEM,HETEROSEXUAL AVERSION,AROUSAL PATTERNS,HOMOSEXUAL MALES,SOCIAL COGNITION,BISEXUAL MEN,Implicit measurement,Sexual orientation,Erotic preference},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {829--841},
  title        = {Measuring implicit sexual response biases to nude male and female pictures in androphilic and gynephilic men},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-016-0725-3},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2016},
}

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