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Acido- and neutrophilic temperate forest plants display distinct shifts in ecological pH niche across north-western Europe

J Reinecke, M Wulf, Lander Baeten UGent, J Brunet, G Decocq, Pieter De Frenne UGent, M Diekmann, BJ Graae, T Heinken, Martin Hermy UGent, et al. (2016) ECOGRAPHY. 39(12). p.1164-1175
abstract
Ecological niches of organisms vary across geographical space, but niche shift patterns between regions and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unexplored. We studied shifts in the pH niche of 42 temperate forest plant species across a latitudinal gradient from northern France to boreo-nemoral Sweden. We asked 1) whether species restrict their niches with increasing latitude as they reach their northern range margin (environmental constraints); 2) whether species expand their niches with increasing latitude as regional plant species richness decreases (competitive release); and 3) whether species shift their niche position toward more acidic sites with increasing latitude as the relative proportion of acidic soils increases (local adaptation). Based on 1458 vegetation plots and corresponding soil pH values, we modelled species response curves using Huisman-Olff-Fresco models. Four niche measures (width, position, left and right border) were compared among regions by randomization tests. We found that with increasing latitude, neutrophilic species tended to retreat from acidic sites, indicating that these species retreat to more favorable sites when approaching their range margin. Alternatively, these species might benefit from enhanced nitrogen deposition on formerly nutrient-poor, acidic sites in southern regions or lag behind in post-glacial recolonization of potential habitats in northern regions. Most acidophilic species extended their niche toward more base-rich sites with increasing latitude, indicating competitive release from neutrophilic species. Alternatively, acidophilic species might benefit from optimal climatic conditions in the north where some have their core distribution area. Shifts in the niche position suggested that local adaptation is of minor importance. We conclude that shifts in the pH niche of temperate forest plants are the rule, but the directions of the niche shifts and possible explanations vary. Our study demonstrates that differentiating between acidophilic and neutrophilic species is crucial to identify general patterns and underlying mechanisms.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
WITH-STANDARDS FOREST, SPECIES RANGE SHIFTS, HERB LAYER CHANGES, SOIL ACIDITY, GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS, NITROGEN DEPOSITION, LOCAL ADAPTATION, DECIDUOUS FOREST, CLIMATE-CHANGE, 2 DECADES
journal title
ECOGRAPHY
Ecography
volume
39
issue
12
pages
1164 - 1175
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000389304800003
JCR category
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
JCR impact factor
4.902 (2016)
JCR rank
4/53 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
0906-7590
DOI
10.1111/ecog.02051
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7176926
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7176926
date created
2016-04-06 14:21:01
date last changed
2017-04-20 11:10:15
@article{7176926,
  abstract     = {Ecological niches of organisms vary across geographical space, but niche shift patterns between regions and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unexplored. We studied shifts in the pH niche of 42 temperate forest plant species across a latitudinal gradient from northern France to boreo-nemoral Sweden. We asked 1) whether species restrict their niches with increasing latitude as they reach their northern range margin (environmental constraints); 2) whether species expand their niches with increasing latitude as regional plant species richness decreases (competitive release); and 3) whether species shift their niche position toward more acidic sites with increasing latitude as the relative proportion of acidic soils increases (local adaptation). Based on 1458 vegetation plots and corresponding soil pH values, we modelled species response curves using Huisman-Olff-Fresco models. Four niche measures (width, position, left and right border) were compared among regions by randomization tests. We found that with increasing latitude, neutrophilic species tended to retreat from acidic sites, indicating that these species retreat to more favorable sites when approaching their range margin. Alternatively, these species might benefit from enhanced nitrogen deposition on formerly nutrient-poor, acidic sites in southern regions or lag behind in post-glacial recolonization of potential habitats in northern regions. Most acidophilic species extended their niche toward more base-rich sites with increasing latitude, indicating competitive release from neutrophilic species. Alternatively, acidophilic species might benefit from optimal climatic conditions in the north where some have their core distribution area. Shifts in the niche position suggested that local adaptation is of minor importance. We conclude that shifts in the pH niche of temperate forest plants are the rule, but the directions of the niche shifts and possible explanations vary. Our study demonstrates that differentiating between acidophilic and neutrophilic species is crucial to identify general patterns and underlying mechanisms.},
  author       = {Reinecke, J and Wulf, M and Baeten, Lander and Brunet, J and Decocq, G and De Frenne, Pieter and Diekmann, M and Graae, BJ and Heinken, T and Hermy, Martin and Jamoneau, A and Lenoir, J and Plue, J and Orczewska, A and Van Calster, H and Verheyen, Kris and Naaf, T},
  issn         = {0906-7590},
  journal      = {ECOGRAPHY},
  keyword      = {WITH-STANDARDS FOREST,SPECIES RANGE SHIFTS,HERB LAYER CHANGES,SOIL ACIDITY,GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS,NITROGEN DEPOSITION,LOCAL ADAPTATION,DECIDUOUS FOREST,CLIMATE-CHANGE,2 DECADES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1164--1175},
  title        = {Acido- and neutrophilic temperate forest plants display distinct shifts in ecological pH niche across north-western Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02051},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Reinecke, J, M Wulf, Lander Baeten, J Brunet, G Decocq, Pieter De Frenne, M Diekmann, et al. 2016. “Acido- and Neutrophilic Temperate Forest Plants Display Distinct Shifts in Ecological pH Niche Across North-western Europe.” Ecography 39 (12): 1164–1175.
APA
Reinecke, J., Wulf, M., Baeten, L., Brunet, J., Decocq, G., De Frenne, P., Diekmann, M., et al. (2016). Acido- and neutrophilic temperate forest plants display distinct shifts in ecological pH niche across north-western Europe. ECOGRAPHY, 39(12), 1164–1175.
Vancouver
1.
Reinecke J, Wulf M, Baeten L, Brunet J, Decocq G, De Frenne P, et al. Acido- and neutrophilic temperate forest plants display distinct shifts in ecological pH niche across north-western Europe. ECOGRAPHY. 2016;39(12):1164–75.
MLA
Reinecke, J, M Wulf, Lander Baeten, et al. “Acido- and Neutrophilic Temperate Forest Plants Display Distinct Shifts in Ecological pH Niche Across North-western Europe.” ECOGRAPHY 39.12 (2016): 1164–1175. Print.