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Extraction and pre-concentration of platinum and palladium from microwave-digested road dust via ion exchanging mesoporous silica microparticles prior to their quantification by quadrupole ICP-MS

(2015) MICROCHIMICA ACTA. 182(15-16). p.2369-2376
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Abstract
We report on the use of mesoporous silica microparticles (mu Ps) functionalized with quarternary amino groups for the isolation of platinum and palladium tetrachloro complexes from aqueous road dust digests. The mu Ps have a size ranging from 450 to 850 nm and are suspended directly in the aqueous digests, upon which the anionic Pt and Pd complexes are retained on the cationic surface. Subsequently, the mu Ps are separated by centrifugation. Elements that cause spectral interferences in ICP-MS determination of Pt and Pd can be quantitatively removed by adding fresh 0.240 mol L-1 HCl to the mu Ps and by repeating the centrifugation step. The analyte-loaded mu Ps are then dissolved in 0.1 mL of 2 mol L-1 HF, diluted to 2 mL, and the solutions thus obtained are analyzed by quadrupole ICP-MS. This method avoids analyte elution from the sorbent. This "dispersed particle extraction" approach yielded a run-to-run relative standard deviation a parts per thousand currency signaEuro parts per thousand 5 % for Pt and a parts per thousand currency signaEuro parts per thousand 4 % for Pd (at 0.1 ng mL(-1), n = 4 road dust digests). Method detection limits (expressed as concentrations in the dust samples) are 2 and 1 ng g(-1) for Pt and Pd, respectively. The method was validated by analysis of a reference material (BCR CRM 723) and applied to the analysis of road dust samples collected in downtown Vienna. Pt and Pd concentrations in samples collected in summer and in winter were compared, with concentrations ranging from 205 to 1445 ng g(-1) for Pt and from 201 to 1230 ng g(-1) for Pd.
Keywords
Strong anionic exchanger, Functionalized mesoporous silica particles, Dispersed particle extraction, Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, Platinum group elements, Environmental analysis, ATOMIC-ABSORPTION-SPECTROMETRY, DISPERSED PARTICLE EXTRACTION, OPTICAL-EMISSION SPECTROMETRY, GROUP ELEMENTS, MATRIX SEPARATION, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, ONLINE PRECONCENTRATION, CATALYTIC-CONVERTERS, METHYL-FLUORIDE, REACTION GAS

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Chicago
Nischkauer, Winfried, Marie-Alexandra Neouze, Frank Vanhaecke, and Andreas Limbeck. 2015. “Extraction and Pre-concentration of Platinum and Palladium from Microwave-digested Road Dust via Ion Exchanging Mesoporous Silica Microparticles Prior to Their Quantification by Quadrupole ICP-MS.” Microchimica Acta 182 (15-16): 2369–2376.
APA
Nischkauer, W., Neouze, M.-A., Vanhaecke, F., & Limbeck, A. (2015). Extraction and pre-concentration of platinum and palladium from microwave-digested road dust via ion exchanging mesoporous silica microparticles prior to their quantification by quadrupole ICP-MS. MICROCHIMICA ACTA, 182(15-16), 2369–2376.
Vancouver
1.
Nischkauer W, Neouze M-A, Vanhaecke F, Limbeck A. Extraction and pre-concentration of platinum and palladium from microwave-digested road dust via ion exchanging mesoporous silica microparticles prior to their quantification by quadrupole ICP-MS. MICROCHIMICA ACTA. 2015;182(15-16):2369–76.
MLA
Nischkauer, Winfried, Marie-Alexandra Neouze, Frank Vanhaecke, et al. “Extraction and Pre-concentration of Platinum and Palladium from Microwave-digested Road Dust via Ion Exchanging Mesoporous Silica Microparticles Prior to Their Quantification by Quadrupole ICP-MS.” MICROCHIMICA ACTA 182.15-16 (2015): 2369–2376. Print.
@article{7170716,
  abstract     = {We report on the use of mesoporous silica microparticles (mu Ps) functionalized with quarternary amino groups for the isolation of platinum and palladium tetrachloro complexes from aqueous road dust digests. The mu Ps have a size ranging from 450 to 850 nm and are suspended directly in the aqueous digests, upon which the anionic Pt and Pd complexes are retained on the cationic surface. Subsequently, the mu Ps are separated by centrifugation. Elements that cause spectral interferences in ICP-MS determination of Pt and Pd can be quantitatively removed by adding fresh 0.240 mol L-1 HCl to the mu Ps and by repeating the centrifugation step. The analyte-loaded mu Ps are then dissolved in 0.1 mL of 2 mol L-1 HF, diluted to 2 mL, and the solutions thus obtained are analyzed by quadrupole ICP-MS. This method avoids analyte elution from the sorbent. This {\textacutedbl}dispersed particle extraction{\textacutedbl} approach yielded a run-to-run relative standard deviation a parts per thousand currency signaEuro parts per thousand 5 \% for Pt and a parts per thousand currency signaEuro parts per thousand 4 \% for Pd (at 0.1 ng mL(-1), n = 4 road dust digests). Method detection limits (expressed as concentrations in the dust samples) are 2 and 1 ng g(-1) for Pt and Pd, respectively. The method was validated by analysis of a reference material (BCR CRM 723) and applied to the analysis of road dust samples collected in downtown Vienna. Pt and Pd concentrations in samples collected in summer and in winter were compared, with concentrations ranging from 205 to 1445 ng g(-1) for Pt and from 201 to 1230 ng g(-1) for Pd.},
  author       = {Nischkauer, Winfried and Neouze, Marie-Alexandra and Vanhaecke, Frank and Limbeck, Andreas},
  issn         = {0026-3672},
  journal      = {MICROCHIMICA ACTA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {15-16},
  pages        = {2369--2376},
  title        = {Extraction and pre-concentration of platinum and palladium from microwave-digested road dust via ion exchanging mesoporous silica microparticles prior to their quantification by quadrupole ICP-MS},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-015-1643-0},
  volume       = {182},
  year         = {2015},
}

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