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Behaviour of mercury from hazardous solid waste generated by chlor-alkali Cuban industry : remediation proposal at pilot scale

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Abstract
One of the major concerns from the chlor-alkali industry is the mercury solid waste generated by the process. A pilot-scale thermal treatment technology to treat high mercury containing waste generated by the chlor-alkali Cuban process was designed. Mass and energy balances at steady-state, the upscaling methods as well as the mercury reaction scheme were used for the design of the plant. Two operating alternatives have been analyzed. In the first alternative, the plant operates to achieve the maximum mercury removal. In the second alternative, the waste is treated to a point where it meets the TCLP leaching limit. The proposed pilot plant with 960 t of waste/y of processing capacity is able to recover 639 kg of metallic Hg/y and 479 t/y of treated waste (arid) that can be sold. "Arid" is a Cuban term referring to aggregate materials that are used as a component of construction material. The second alternative is most advantageous from the techno-economic point of view if an integrated economic analysis with the chloralkali Cuban plant is done. An annual gross profit of US$ 166,450, a return on investment of 10.6 %/y and net present value of US$ 12,157 could be realized.
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Chicago
Busto, Yailen, Edesmin W Palacios, Filip Tack, Luis M Peralta, Xiomara Cabrera, and Liz M Rios. 2015. “Behaviour of Mercury from Hazardous Solid Waste Generated by Chlor-alkali Cuban Industry : Remediation Proposal at Pilot Scale.” In PRES15 : Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction , ed. Petar Sabev Varbanov, Jiří Jaromír Klemeš, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Jun Yow Yong, and Xia Liu, 45:751–756. Milano, Italy: Aidic Servizi.
APA
Busto, Y., Palacios, E. W., Tack, F., Peralta, L. M., Cabrera, X., & Rios, L. M. (2015). Behaviour of mercury from hazardous solid waste generated by chlor-alkali Cuban industry : remediation proposal at pilot scale. In P. S. Varbanov, J. J. Klemeš, S. R. W. Alwi, J. Y. Yong, & X. Liu (Eds.), PRES15 : process integration, modelling and optimisation for energy saving and pollution reduction (Vol. 45, pp. 751–756). Presented at the Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction (PRES 2015), Milano, Italy: Aidic Servizi.
Vancouver
1.
Busto Y, Palacios EW, Tack F, Peralta LM, Cabrera X, Rios LM. Behaviour of mercury from hazardous solid waste generated by chlor-alkali Cuban industry : remediation proposal at pilot scale. In: Varbanov PS, Klemeš JJ, Alwi SRW, Yong JY, Liu X, editors. PRES15 : process integration, modelling and optimisation for energy saving and pollution reduction . Milano, Italy: Aidic Servizi; 2015. p. 751–6.
MLA
Busto, Yailen et al. “Behaviour of Mercury from Hazardous Solid Waste Generated by Chlor-alkali Cuban Industry : Remediation Proposal at Pilot Scale.” PRES15 : Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction . Ed. Petar Sabev Varbanov et al. Vol. 45. Milano, Italy: Aidic Servizi, 2015. 751–756. Print.
@inproceedings{7157406,
  abstract     = {One of the major concerns from the chlor-alkali industry is the mercury solid waste generated by the process. A pilot-scale thermal treatment technology to treat high mercury containing waste generated by the chlor-alkali Cuban process was designed. Mass and energy balances at steady-state, the upscaling methods as well as the mercury reaction scheme were used for the design of the plant. Two operating alternatives have been analyzed. In the first alternative, the plant operates to achieve the maximum mercury removal. In the second alternative, the waste is treated to a point where it meets the TCLP leaching limit. The proposed pilot plant with 960 t of waste/y of processing capacity is able to recover 639 kg of metallic Hg/y and 479 t/y of treated waste (arid) that can be sold. "Arid" is a Cuban term referring to aggregate materials that are used as a component of construction material. The second alternative is most advantageous from the techno-economic point of view if an integrated economic analysis with the chloralkali Cuban plant is done. An annual gross profit of US$ 166,450, a return on investment of 10.6 %/y and net present value of US$ 12,157 could be realized.},
  author       = {Busto, Yailen and Palacios, Edesmin W and Tack, Filip and Peralta, Luis M and Cabrera, Xiomara and Rios, Liz M},
  booktitle    = {PRES15 : process integration, modelling and optimisation for energy saving and pollution reduction },
  editor       = {Varbanov, Petar Sabev and Klemeš, Jiří Jaromír and Alwi, Sharifah Rafidah Wan and Yong, Jun Yow and Liu, Xia},
  isbn         = {9788895608365},
  issn         = {1974-9791},
  keywords     = {SOIL},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Kuching, Malaysia},
  pages        = {751--756},
  publisher    = {Aidic Servizi},
  title        = {Behaviour of mercury from hazardous solid waste generated by chlor-alkali Cuban industry : remediation proposal at pilot scale},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3303/CET1545126},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2015},
}

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