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Identifying profiles of actual and perceived motor competence among adolescents : associations with motivation, physical activity, and sports participation

(2016) JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES. 34(21). p.2027-2037
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Abstract
The present study identified adolescents' motor competence (MC)-based profiles (e.g., high actual and low perceived MC), and accordingly investigated differences in motivation for physical education (PE), physical activity (PA) levels, and sports participation between profiles by using regression analyses. Actual MC was measured with the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder. Adolescents (n = 215; 66.0% boys; mean age = 13.64 ± .58 years) completed validated questionnaires to assess perceived MC, motivation for PE, PA-levels, and sports participation. Actual and perceived MC were only moderately correlated and cluster analyses identified four groups. Two groups of overestimators (low - overestimation, average - overestimation) were identified (51%), who particularly displayed better motivation for PE when compared to their peers who accurately estimated themselves (low - accurate, average - accurate). Moreover, adolescents with low actual MC, but high perceived MC were significantly more active than adolescents with low actual MC who accurately estimated themselves. Results pointed in the same direction for organised sports participation. Underestimators were not found in the current sample, which is positive as underestimation might negatively influence adolescents' motivation to achieve and persist in PA and sports. In conclusion, results emphasise that developing perceived MC, especially among adolescents with low levels of actual MC, seems crucial to stimulate motivation for PE, and engagement in PA and sports.
Keywords
person-centred analyses, physical activity, motivation for physicaleducation, Motor competence, adolescents, sports participation, FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS, SELF-DETERMINATION, YOUNG-CHILDREN, FUR KINDER, EDUCATION, PERCEPTIONS, HEALTH, QUESTIONNAIRE, COORDINATION, STUDENTS

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MLA
De Meester, An, et al. “Identifying Profiles of Actual and Perceived Motor Competence among Adolescents : Associations with Motivation, Physical Activity, and Sports Participation.” JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, vol. 34, no. 21, 2016, pp. 2027–37, doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608.
APA
De Meester, A., Maes, J., Stodden, D., Cardon, G., Goodway, J., Lenoir, M., & Haerens, L. (2016). Identifying profiles of actual and perceived motor competence among adolescents : associations with motivation, physical activity, and sports participation. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 34(21), 2027–2037. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608
Chicago author-date
De Meester, An, Jolien Maes, David Stodden, Greet Cardon, Jacqueline Goodway, Matthieu Lenoir, and Leen Haerens. 2016. “Identifying Profiles of Actual and Perceived Motor Competence among Adolescents : Associations with Motivation, Physical Activity, and Sports Participation.” JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES 34 (21): 2027–37. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Meester, An, Jolien Maes, David Stodden, Greet Cardon, Jacqueline Goodway, Matthieu Lenoir, and Leen Haerens. 2016. “Identifying Profiles of Actual and Perceived Motor Competence among Adolescents : Associations with Motivation, Physical Activity, and Sports Participation.” JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES 34 (21): 2027–2037. doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608.
Vancouver
1.
De Meester A, Maes J, Stodden D, Cardon G, Goodway J, Lenoir M, et al. Identifying profiles of actual and perceived motor competence among adolescents : associations with motivation, physical activity, and sports participation. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES. 2016;34(21):2027–37.
IEEE
[1]
A. De Meester et al., “Identifying profiles of actual and perceived motor competence among adolescents : associations with motivation, physical activity, and sports participation,” JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, vol. 34, no. 21, pp. 2027–2037, 2016.
@article{7151185,
  abstract     = {{The present study identified adolescents' motor competence (MC)-based profiles (e.g., high actual and low perceived MC), and accordingly investigated differences in motivation for physical education (PE), physical activity (PA) levels, and sports participation between profiles by using regression analyses. Actual MC was measured with the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder. Adolescents (n = 215; 66.0% boys; mean age = 13.64 ± .58 years) completed validated questionnaires to assess perceived MC, motivation for PE, PA-levels, and sports participation. Actual and perceived MC were only moderately correlated and cluster analyses identified four groups. Two groups of overestimators (low - overestimation, average - overestimation) were identified (51%), who particularly displayed better motivation for PE when compared to their peers who accurately estimated themselves (low - accurate, average - accurate). Moreover, adolescents with low actual MC, but high perceived MC were significantly more active than adolescents with low actual MC who accurately estimated themselves. Results pointed in the same direction for organised sports participation. Underestimators were not found in the current sample, which is positive as underestimation might negatively influence adolescents' motivation to achieve and persist in PA and sports. In conclusion, results emphasise that developing perceived MC, especially among adolescents with low levels of actual MC, seems crucial to stimulate motivation for PE, and engagement in PA and sports.}},
  author       = {{De Meester, An and Maes, Jolien and Stodden, David and Cardon, Greet and Goodway, Jacqueline and Lenoir, Matthieu and Haerens, Leen}},
  issn         = {{0264-0414}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES}},
  keywords     = {{person-centred analyses,physical activity,motivation for physicaleducation,Motor competence,adolescents,sports participation,FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS,SELF-DETERMINATION,YOUNG-CHILDREN,FUR KINDER,EDUCATION,PERCEPTIONS,HEALTH,QUESTIONNAIRE,COORDINATION,STUDENTS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{21}},
  pages        = {{2027--2037}},
  title        = {{Identifying profiles of actual and perceived motor competence among adolescents : associations with motivation, physical activity, and sports participation}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1149608}},
  volume       = {{34}},
  year         = {{2016}},
}

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