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Modality-independence of order coding in working memory: evidence from cross-modal order interference at recall.

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Abstract
Working memory researchers do not agree on whether order in serial recall is encoded by dedicated modality-specific systems or by a more general modality-independent system. Although previous research supports the existence of autonomous modality-specific systems, it has been shown that serial recognition memory is prone to cross-modal order interference by concurrent tasks. The present study used a serial recall task, which was performed in a single-task condition and in a dual-task condition with an embedded memory task in the retention interval. The modality of the serial task was either verbal or visuospatial, and the embedded tasks were in the other modality and required either serial or item recall. Care was taken to avoid modality overlaps during presentation and recall. In Experiment 1, visuospatial but not verbal serial recall was more impaired when the embedded task was an order than when it was an item task. Using a more difficult verbal serial recall task, verbal serial recall was also more impaired by another order recall task in Experiment 2. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis of modality-independent order coding. The implications for views on short-term recall and the multicomponent view of working memory are discussed.
Keywords
SHORT-TERM-MEMORY, IMMEDIATE SERIAL-RECALL, DOMAIN INTERFERENCE, EPISODIC BUFFER, MODEL, INFORMATION, RESOURCE, TASKS, Working memory, Serial recall, Cross-modal interference

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Chicago
Vandierendonck, André. 2016. “Modality-independence of Order Coding in Working Memory: Evidence from Cross-modal Order Interference at Recall.” Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1): 161–179.
APA
Vandierendonck, A. (2016). Modality-independence of order coding in working memory: evidence from cross-modal order interference at recall. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 69(1), 161–179.
Vancouver
1.
Vandierendonck A. Modality-independence of order coding in working memory: evidence from cross-modal order interference at recall. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. Rutledge; 2016;69(1):161–79.
MLA
Vandierendonck, André. “Modality-independence of Order Coding in Working Memory: Evidence from Cross-modal Order Interference at Recall.” QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 69.1 (2016): 161–179. Print.
@article{7147783,
  abstract     = {Working memory researchers do not agree on whether order in serial recall is encoded by dedicated modality-specific systems or by a more general modality-independent system. Although previous research supports the existence of autonomous modality-specific systems, it has been shown that serial recognition memory is prone to cross-modal order interference by concurrent tasks. The present study used a serial recall task, which was performed in a single-task condition and in a dual-task condition with an embedded memory task in the retention interval. The modality of the serial task was either verbal or visuospatial, and the embedded tasks were in the other modality and required either serial or item recall. Care was taken to avoid modality overlaps during presentation and recall. In Experiment 1, visuospatial but not verbal serial recall was more impaired when the embedded task was an order than when it was an item task. Using a more difficult verbal serial recall task, verbal serial recall was also more impaired by another order recall task in Experiment 2. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis of modality-independent order coding. The implications for views on short-term recall and the multicomponent view of working memory are discussed.},
  author       = {Vandierendonck, André},
  issn         = {1747-0218},
  journal      = {QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {SHORT-TERM-MEMORY,IMMEDIATE SERIAL-RECALL,DOMAIN INTERFERENCE,EPISODIC BUFFER,MODEL,INFORMATION,RESOURCE,TASKS,Working memory,Serial recall,Cross-modal interference},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {161--179},
  publisher    = {Rutledge},
  title        = {Modality-independence of order coding in working memory: evidence from cross-modal order interference at recall.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2015.1032987},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2016},
}

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