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Kinshasa: a city of 'squatters' and planning schemes

Luce Beeckmans (UGent)
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Abstract
Since most of the inhabitants of Kinshasa live in the peri-urban fringe of the city, the peri-urban areas can be considered the centre of the Congolese capital. In the post-independence years several planning schemes have been drawn in the framework of a French cooperation programme to steer the peri-urban urban development of Kinshasa, but none of them has been implemented. In the absence of any urban planning from above, the urbanization process of the city has been primarily directed by the massive appropriation of space by the urban dwellers, at that time often called ‘squatters’. This chapter aims at providing insight in the spatial production of the peri-urban areas of Kinshasa by highlighting the underlying parallel system of land tenure that guided its urbanization after independence.

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Citation

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Chicago
Beeckmans, Luce. 2015. “Kinshasa: a City of ‘Squatters’ and Planning Schemes.” In Territoires Périurbains : Développement, Enjeux Et Perspectives Dans Les Pays Du Sud, ed. Jan Bogaert and Jean-Marie Halleux, 249–258. Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux.
APA
Beeckmans, Luce. (2015). Kinshasa: a city of “squatters” and planning schemes. In Jan Bogaert & J.-M. Halleux (Eds.), Territoires périurbains : développement, enjeux et perspectives dans les pays du Sud (pp. 249–258). Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux.
Vancouver
1.
Beeckmans L. Kinshasa: a city of “squatters” and planning schemes. In: Bogaert J, Halleux J-M, editors. Territoires périurbains : développement, enjeux et perspectives dans les pays du Sud. Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux; 2015. p. 249–58.
MLA
Beeckmans, Luce. “Kinshasa: a City of ‘Squatters’ and Planning Schemes.” Territoires Périurbains : Développement, Enjeux Et Perspectives Dans Les Pays Du Sud. Ed. Jan Bogaert & Jean-Marie Halleux. Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux, 2015. 249–258. Print.
@incollection{7137456,
  abstract     = {Since most of the inhabitants of Kinshasa live in the peri-urban fringe of the city, the peri-urban areas can be considered the centre of the Congolese capital. In the post-independence years several planning schemes have been drawn in the framework of a French cooperation programme to steer the peri-urban urban development of Kinshasa, but none of them has been implemented. In the absence of any urban planning from above, the urbanization process of the city has been primarily directed by the massive appropriation of space by the urban dwellers, at that time often called ‘squatters’. This chapter aims at providing insight in the spatial production of the peri-urban areas of Kinshasa by highlighting the underlying parallel system of land tenure that guided its urbanization after independence.},
  author       = {Beeckmans, Luce},
  booktitle    = {Territoires périurbains : développement, enjeux et perspectives dans les pays du Sud},
  editor       = {Bogaert, Jan and Halleux, Jean-Marie},
  isbn         = {978-2-87016-136-4},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {249--258},
  publisher    = {Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux},
  title        = {Kinshasa: a city of 'squatters' and planning schemes},
  year         = {2015},
}