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Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia

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Abstract
Aim: To evaluate the oral condition and treatment needs of young athletes with ID from 53 countries of Europe and Eurasia who participated in the Special Olympics European Games held in Antwerp, October 2014. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with data collected through standardised procedures from consenting athletes under 21 years of age. Oral hygiene habits, reports of oral pain and presence of gingival signs, sealants, untreated caries and missing teeth were recorded. Statistics: Data analysis was performed in SPSS to produce descriptive statistics and explanatory variables for untreated decay, and gingival signs of disease were tested with Multilevel Generalized Linear Mixed Models. Results: Five hundred three athletes participated in this study (mean age 17 yrs). Untreated decay was recorded in 33.4% of the participants and 38.7% of them had signs of gingival disease. Absence of untreated decay was associated with lower chances of gingival signs, while absence of sealants was related with higher chances of untreated decay. Conclusions: There is consistent evidence of persistent need for increased promotion of oral health, as well as preventive and restorative treatment in young athletes with ID in Europe and Eurasia. Due to the limited predictive capacity of the studied variables for oral disease, further studies including other related factors are needed.
Keywords
Dental screening, Europe, Intellectual disability, Oral health, Special Olympics, Young athletes, SPECIAL-OLYMPICS, HEALTH NEEDS, DENTAL-CARE, CHILDREN, INDIVIDUALS, PEOPLE, ACCESS

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MLA
Fernandez, Carla et al. “Treatment Needs and Predictive Capacity of Explanatory Variables of Oral Disease in Young Athletes with an Intellectual Disability in Europe and Eurasia.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY 17.1 (2016): 9–16. Print.
APA
Fernandez, C., Descamps, I., Fabjanska, K., Kaschke, I., & Marks, L. (2016). Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, 17(1), 9–16.
Chicago author-date
Fernandez, Carla, Isabelle Descamps, Kasia Fabjanska, Imke Kaschke, and Luc Marks. 2016. “Treatment Needs and Predictive Capacity of Explanatory Variables of Oral Disease in Young Athletes with an Intellectual Disability in Europe and Eurasia.” European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 17 (1): 9–16.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fernandez, Carla, Isabelle Descamps, Kasia Fabjanska, Imke Kaschke, and Luc Marks. 2016. “Treatment Needs and Predictive Capacity of Explanatory Variables of Oral Disease in Young Athletes with an Intellectual Disability in Europe and Eurasia.” European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 17 (1): 9–16.
Vancouver
1.
Fernandez C, Descamps I, Fabjanska K, Kaschke I, Marks L. Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY. 2016;17(1):9–16.
IEEE
[1]
C. Fernandez, I. Descamps, K. Fabjanska, I. Kaschke, and L. Marks, “Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 9–16, 2016.
@article{7136578,
  abstract     = {Aim: To evaluate the oral condition and treatment needs of young athletes with ID from 53 countries of Europe and Eurasia who participated in the Special Olympics European Games held in Antwerp, October 2014.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with data collected through standardised procedures from consenting athletes under 21 years of age. Oral hygiene habits, reports of oral pain and presence of gingival signs, sealants, untreated caries and missing teeth were recorded. Statistics: Data analysis was performed in SPSS to produce descriptive statistics and explanatory variables for untreated decay, and gingival signs of disease were tested with Multilevel Generalized Linear Mixed Models.
Results: Five hundred three athletes participated in this study (mean age 17 yrs). Untreated decay was recorded in 33.4% of the participants and 38.7% of them had signs of gingival disease. Absence of untreated decay was associated with lower chances of gingival signs, while absence of sealants was related with higher chances of untreated decay.
Conclusions: There is consistent evidence of persistent need for increased promotion of oral health, as well as preventive and restorative treatment in young athletes with ID in Europe and Eurasia. Due to the limited predictive capacity of the studied variables for oral disease, further studies including other related factors are needed.},
  author       = {Fernandez, Carla and Descamps, Isabelle and Fabjanska, Kasia and Kaschke, Imke and Marks, Luc},
  issn         = {1591-996X},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY},
  keywords     = {Dental screening,Europe,Intellectual disability,Oral health,Special Olympics,Young athletes,SPECIAL-OLYMPICS,HEALTH NEEDS,DENTAL-CARE,CHILDREN,INDIVIDUALS,PEOPLE,ACCESS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {9--16},
  title        = {Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2016},
}

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