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The detection of a SN IIn in optical follow-up observations of IceCube neutrino events

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IceCube
Abstract
The IceCube neutrino observatory pursues a follow-up program selecting interesting neutrino events in real-time and issuing alerts for electromagnetic follow-up observations. In 2012 March, the most significant neutrino alert during the first three years of operation was issued by IceCube. In the follow-up observations performed by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), a Type IIn supernova (SN IIn) PTF12csy was found 0.degrees 2 away from the neutrino alert direction, with an error radius of 0.degrees 54. It has a redshift of z = 0.0684, corresponding to a luminosity distance of about 300 Mpc and the Pan-STARRS1 survey shows that its explosion time was at least 158 days (in host galaxy rest frame) before the neutrino alert, so that a causal connection is unlikely. The a posteriori significance of the chance detection of both the neutrinos and the SN at any epoch is 2.2 sigma within IceCube's 2011/12 data acquisition season. Also, a complementary neutrino analysis reveals no long-term signal over the course of one year. Therefore, we consider the SN detection coincidental and the neutrinos uncorrelated to the SN. However, the SN is unusual and interesting by itself: it is luminous and energetic, bearing strong resemblance to the SN IIn 2010jl, and shows signs of interaction of the SN ejecta with a dense circumstellar medium. High-energy neutrino emission is expected in models of diffusive shock acceleration, but at a low, non-detectable level for this specific SN. In this paper, we describe the SN PTF12csy and present both the neutrino and electromagnetic data, as well as their analysis.
Keywords
EXTREMELY LUMINOUS SUPERNOVA, CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE, GAMMA-RAY BURSTS, HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS, DIGITAL SKY SURVEY, SN 2010jl), supernovae: individual (PTF12csy, shock waves, neutrinos, galaxies: dwarf, circumstellar matter, SDSS-III, LIGHT CURVES, PAN-STARRS, TELESCOPE, EMISSION

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MLA
Aartsen, MG et al. “The Detection of a SN IIn in Optical Follow-up Observations of IceCube Neutrino Events.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 811.1 (2015): n. pag. Print.
APA
Aartsen, M., Abraham, K., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., et al. (2015). The detection of a SN IIn in optical follow-up observations of IceCube neutrino events. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 811(1).
Chicago author-date
Aartsen, MG, K Abraham, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, et al. 2015. “The Detection of a SN IIn in Optical Follow-up Observations of IceCube Neutrino Events.” Astrophysical Journal 811 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Aartsen, MG, K Abraham, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, D Altmann, T Anderson, M Archinger, C Arguelles, TC Arlen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, JB Tjus, KH Becker, E Beiser, S BenZvi, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, DZ Bessonu, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaueuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, M Borner, F Bos, D Bose, S Boser, O Botner, J Braun, L Brayeur, HP Bretz, AM Brown, N Buzinsky, J Casey, M Casier, E Cheung, D Chirkin, A Christov, B Christy, K Clark, L Classen, S Coenders, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, M Day, JPAM de Andre, C De Clercq, H Dembinski, Sam De Ridder, P Desiati, KD de Vries, G de Wasseige, M de With, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, B Eichmann, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, S Fahey, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, T Fuchs, M Glagla, TK Gaisser, R Gator, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, D Gier, L Gladstone, T Glusenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, D Gora, D Grant, P Gretskov, JC Groh, A Gross, C Ha, C Haack, Abd Al Karim Haj Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, B Hansmann, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, K Helbing, R Hellauer, D Hellwig, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, K Holzapfe, A Homeier, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S In, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, K Jero, M Jurkovic, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, J Kemp, A Kheirandish, J Kiryluk, J Klas, SR Klein, G Kohnen, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, R Konietz, A Koob, L Kopke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Kroll, M Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, Mathieu Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Leuner, J Lunemann, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, Athina Meli, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, E Middlemas, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygre, A Obertacke, A Olivas, A Omairat, A O’Murchadha, T Palczewski, H Pandya, L Paul, JA Pepper, CP de los Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, J Putz, M Quinnan, L Radel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, P Redl, R Reimann, M Relich, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Richter, B Riedel, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, Dirk Ryckbosch, SM Saba, L Sabbatini, HG Sander, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, S Sarkar, K Schatto, F Scheriau, M Schimp, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schoneberg, A Schonwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, D Seckel, S Seunarine, R Shanidze, MWE Smith, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Ering, M Stahlberg, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, NA Stanisha, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stossl, EA Strahlers, R Strom, NL Strotjohann, GW Suwvan, M Sutherland, H Taavola, I Taboada, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, G Tesic, S Tilav, PA Toale, MN Tobin, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, A Turcati, E Unger, M Usner, S Vallecorsa, N van Eundhoven, J Vandenbroucke, J van Santen, Sander Vanheule, J Veenkamp, M Vehring, M Voge, Matthias Vraeghe, C Walck, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, C Wichary, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, M Zoll, EO Ofek, MM Kasliwal, PE Nugent, I Arcavi, JS Bloom, SR Kulkarni, DA Perley, T Barlow, A Horesh, A Gal-Yam, DA Howell, B Dilday, PA Evans, JA Kennea, WS Burgett, KC Chambers, N Kaiser, C Waters, H Flewelling, JL Tonry, A Rest, and SJ Smartt. 2015. “The Detection of a SN IIn in Optical Follow-up Observations of IceCube Neutrino Events.” Astrophysical Journal 811 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Aartsen M, Abraham K, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar J, Ahlers M, et al. The detection of a SN IIn in optical follow-up observations of IceCube neutrino events. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2015;811(1).
IEEE
[1]
M. Aartsen et al., “The detection of a SN IIn in optical follow-up observations of IceCube neutrino events,” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol. 811, no. 1, 2015.
@article{7121196,
  abstract     = {The IceCube neutrino observatory pursues a follow-up program selecting interesting neutrino events in real-time and issuing alerts for electromagnetic follow-up observations. In 2012 March, the most significant neutrino alert during the first three years of operation was issued by IceCube. In the follow-up observations performed by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), a Type IIn supernova (SN IIn) PTF12csy was found 0.degrees 2 away from the neutrino alert direction, with an error radius of 0.degrees 54. It has a redshift of z = 0.0684, corresponding to a luminosity distance of about 300 Mpc and the Pan-STARRS1 survey shows that its explosion time was at least 158 days (in host galaxy rest frame) before the neutrino alert, so that a causal connection is unlikely. The a posteriori significance of the chance detection of both the neutrinos and the SN at any epoch is 2.2 sigma within IceCube's 2011/12 data acquisition season. Also, a complementary neutrino analysis reveals no long-term signal over the course of one year. Therefore, we consider the SN detection coincidental and the neutrinos uncorrelated to the SN. However, the SN is unusual and interesting by itself: it is luminous and energetic, bearing strong resemblance to the SN IIn 2010jl, and shows signs of interaction of the SN ejecta with a dense circumstellar medium. High-energy neutrino emission is expected in models of diffusive shock acceleration, but at a low, non-detectable level for this specific SN. In this paper, we describe the SN PTF12csy and present both the neutrino and electromagnetic data, as well as their analysis.},
  articleno    = {52},
  author       = {Aartsen, MG and Abraham, K and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Ahrens, M and Altmann, D and Anderson, T and Archinger, M and Arguelles, C and Arlen, TC and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Beatty, JJ and Tjus, JB and Becker, KH and Beiser, E and BenZvi, S and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bernhard, A and Bessonu, DZ and Binder, G and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaueuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohm, C and Borner, M and Bos, F and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Braun, J and Brayeur, L and Bretz, HP and Brown, AM and Buzinsky, N and Casey, J and Casier, M and Cheung, E and Chirkin, D and Christov, A and Christy, B and Clark, K and Classen, L and Coenders, S and Cowen, DF and Silva, AHC and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and Day, M and de Andre, JPAM and De Clercq, C and Dembinski, H and De Ridder, Sam and Desiati, P and de Vries, KD and de Wasseige, G and de With, M and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dumm, JP and Dunkman, M and Eagan, R and Eberhardt, B and Ehrhardt, T and Eichmann, B and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fahey, S and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feintzeig, J and Felde, J and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Flis, S and Fuchs, T and Glagla, M and Gaisser, TK and Gator, R and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Ghorbani, K and Gier, D and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Golup, G and Gonzalez, JG and Gora, D and Grant, D and Gretskov, P and Groh, JC and Gross, A and Ha, C and Haack, C and Haj Ismail, Abd Al Karim and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hansmann, B and Hanson, K and Hebecker, D and Heereman, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hellwig, D and Hickford, S and Hignight, J and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Holzapfe, K and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Huang, F and Huber, M and Huelsnitz, W and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and In, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Japaridze, GS and Jero, K and Jurkovic, M and Kaminsky, B and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kauer, M and Keivani, A and Kelley, JL and Kemp, J and Kheirandish, A and Kiryluk, J and Klas, J and Klein, SR and Kohnen, G and Koirala, R and Kolanoski, H and Konietz, R and Koob, A and Kopke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krings, K and Kroll, G and Kroll, M and Kunnen, J and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Labare, Mathieu and Lanfranchi, JL and Larson, MJ and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Leuermann, M and Leuner, J and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Maggi, G and Mahn, KBM and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and Maunu, R and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Medici, M and Meli, Athina and Menne, T and Merino, G and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Middell, E and Middlemas, E and Miller, J and Mohrmann, L and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Nahnhauer, R and Naumann, U and Niederhausen, H and Nowicki, SC and Nygre, DR and Obertacke, A and Olivas, A and Omairat, A and O'Murchadha, A and Palczewski, T and Pandya, H and Paul, L and Pepper, JA and de los Heros, CP and Pfendner, C and Pieloth, D and Pinat, E and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Putz, J and Quinnan, M and Radel, L and Rameez, M and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Reimann, R and Relich, M and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Richman, M and Richter, S and Riedel, B and Robertson, S and Rongen, M and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Saba, SM and Sabbatini, L and Sander, HG and Sandrock, A and Sandroos, J and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Scheriau, F and Schimp, M and Schmidt, T and Schmitz, M and Schoenen, S and Schoneberg, S and Schonwald, A and Schukraft, A and Schulte, L and Seckel, D and Seunarine, S and Shanidze, R and Smith, MWE and Soldin, D and Spiczak, GM and Ering, C and Stahlberg, M and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stanisha, NA and Stasik, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Strahlers, EA and Strom, R and Strotjohann, NL and Suwvan, GW and Sutherland, M and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Ter-Antonyan, S and Terliuk, A and Tesic, G and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Tobin, MN and Tosi, D and Tselengidou, M and Turcati, A and Unger, E and Usner, M and Vallecorsa, S and van Eundhoven, N and Vandenbroucke, J and van Santen, J and Vanheule, Sander and Veenkamp, J and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Vraeghe, Matthias and Walck, C and Wallraff, M and Wandkowsky, N and Weaver, C and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whelan, BJ and Whitehorn, N and Wichary, C and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Wille, L and Williams, DR and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Xu, Y and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Zoll, M and Ofek, EO and Kasliwal, MM and Nugent, PE and Arcavi, I and Bloom, JS and Kulkarni, SR and Perley, DA and Barlow, T and Horesh, A and Gal-Yam, A and Howell, DA and Dilday, B and Evans, PA and Kennea, JA and Burgett, WS and Chambers, KC and Kaiser, N and Waters, C and Flewelling, H and Tonry, JL and Rest, A and Smartt, SJ},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {EXTREMELY LUMINOUS SUPERNOVA,CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE,GAMMA-RAY BURSTS,HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS,DIGITAL SKY SURVEY,SN 2010jl),supernovae: individual (PTF12csy,shock waves,neutrinos,galaxies: dwarf,circumstellar matter,SDSS-III,LIGHT CURVES,PAN-STARRS,TELESCOPE,EMISSION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {The detection of a SN IIn in optical follow-up observations of IceCube neutrino events},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/811/1/52},
  volume       = {811},
  year         = {2015},
}

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