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Searches for time-dependent neutrino sources with IceCube data from 2008 to 2012

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Organization
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IceCube
Abstract
In this paper searches for flaring astrophysical neutrino sources and sources with periodic emission with the IceCube neutrino telescope are presented. In contrast to time-integrated searches, where steady emission is assumed, the analyses presented here look for a time-dependent signal of neutrinos using the information from the neutrino arrival times to enhance the discovery potential. A search was performed for correlations between neutrino arrival times and directions, as well as neutrino emission following time-dependent light curves, sporadic emission, or periodicities of candidate sources. These include active galactic nuclei, soft gamma-ray repeaters, supernova remnants hosting pulsars, microquasars, and X-ray binaries. The work presented here updates and extends previously published results to a longer period that covers 4 years. of data from 2008 April 5 to 2012 May 16, including the first year of operation of the completed 86 string detector. The analyses did not find any significant time-dependent point sources of neutrinos, and the results were used to set upper limits on the neutrino flux from source candidates.
Keywords
binaries: general, astroparticle physics, BL Lacertae objects: general, galaxies: active, neutrinos, X-rays: binaries, 1ES-1959+650, MODEL, TEV, ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI, GAMMA-RAY EMISSION, LS I+61-DEGREES-303, ACCELERATION, PROTON BLAZAR, LAC OBJECTS, COSMIC-RAYS

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MLA
Aartsen, MG et al. “Searches for Time-dependent Neutrino Sources with IceCube Data from 2008 to 2012.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 807.1 (2015): n. pag. Print.
APA
Aartsen, M., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., Altmann, D., et al. (2015). Searches for time-dependent neutrino sources with IceCube data from 2008 to 2012. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 807(1).
Chicago author-date
Aartsen, MG, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, D Altmann, et al. 2015. “Searches for Time-dependent Neutrino Sources with IceCube Data from 2008 to 2012.” Astrophysical Journal 807 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Aartsen, MG, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, D Altmann, T Anderson, M Archinger, C Arguelles, TC Arlen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, M Baker, JJ Beatty, JB Tjus, KH Becker, S BenZvi, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, F Bos, D Bose, S Boser, O Botner, L Brayeur, HP Bretz, AM Brown, N Buzinsky, J Casey, M Casier, E Cheung, D Chirkin, A Christov, B Christy, K Clark, L Classen, F Clevermann, S Coenders, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, M Day, JPAM de Andre, C De Clercq, H Dembinski, Sam De Ridder, P Desiati, KD de Vries, G de Wasseige, M de With, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, B Eichmann, J Eisch, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, R Gaior, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, D Gier, L Gladstone, T Glusenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, JA Goodman, D Gora, D Grant, P Gretskov, JC Groh, A Gross, C Ha, C Haack, AH Ismail, P Hallen, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, D Hellwig, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, F Huang, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S In, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, K Jero, M Jurkovic, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kiryluk, J Klas, SR Klein, JH Kohne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, A Koob, L Kopke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Kroll, M Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, Mathieu Labare, JL Lanfranchi, DT Larsen, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Lunemann, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, Athina Meli, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, E Middlemas, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, A Olivas, A Omairat, A O’Murchadha, T Palczewski, L Paul, JA Pepper, CP de los Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, J Putz, M Quinnan, L Radel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, P Redl, I Rees, R Reimann, M Relich, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, B Riedel, S Robertson, JP Rodrigues, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, Dirk Ryckbosch, SM Saba, HG Sander, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schoneberg, A Schonwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, R Shanidze, MWE Smith, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, NA Stanisha, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stossl, EA Strahler, R Strom, NL Strotjohann, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, G Tesic, S Tilav, PA Toale, MN Tobin, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, E Unger, M Usner, S Vallecorsa, N van Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, J van Santen, Sander Vanheule, M Vehring, M Voge, Matthias Vraeghe, C Walck, M Wallraff, C Weaver, M Wellons, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, C Wichary, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, and M Zoll. 2015. “Searches for Time-dependent Neutrino Sources with IceCube Data from 2008 to 2012.” Astrophysical Journal 807 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Aartsen M, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar J, Ahlers M, Ahrens M, et al. Searches for time-dependent neutrino sources with IceCube data from 2008 to 2012. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2015;807(1).
IEEE
[1]
M. Aartsen et al., “Searches for time-dependent neutrino sources with IceCube data from 2008 to 2012,” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol. 807, no. 1, 2015.
@article{7120454,
  abstract     = {In this paper searches for flaring astrophysical neutrino sources and sources with periodic emission with the IceCube neutrino telescope are presented. In contrast to time-integrated searches, where steady emission is assumed, the analyses presented here look for a time-dependent signal of neutrinos using the information from the neutrino arrival times to enhance the discovery potential. A search was performed for correlations between neutrino arrival times and directions, as well as neutrino emission following time-dependent light curves, sporadic emission, or periodicities of candidate sources. These include active galactic nuclei, soft gamma-ray repeaters, supernova remnants hosting pulsars, microquasars, and X-ray binaries. The work presented here updates and extends previously published results to a longer period that covers 4 years. of data from 2008 April 5 to 2012 May 16, including the first year of operation of the completed 86 string detector. The analyses did not find any significant time-dependent point sources of neutrinos, and the results were used to set upper limits on the neutrino flux from source candidates.},
  articleno    = {46},
  author       = {Aartsen, MG and Ackermann, M and Adams, J and Aguilar, JA and Ahlers, M and Ahrens, M and Altmann, D and Anderson, T and Archinger, M and Arguelles, C and Arlen, TC and Auffenberg, J and Bai, X and Barwick, SW and Baum, V and Bay, R and Baker, M and Beatty, JJ and Tjus, JB and Becker, KH and BenZvi, S and Berghaus, P and Berley, D and Bernardini, E and Bernhard, A and Besson, DZ and Binder, G and Bindig, D and Bissok, M and Blaufuss, E and Blumenthal, J and Boersma, DJ and Bohm, C and Bos, F and Bose, D and Boser, S and Botner, O and Brayeur, L and Bretz, HP and Brown, AM and Buzinsky, N and Casey, J and Casier, M and Cheung, E and Chirkin, D and Christov, A and Christy, B and Clark, K and Classen, L and Clevermann, F and Coenders, S and Cowen, DF and Silva, AHC and Daughhetee, J and Davis, JC and Day, M and de Andre, JPAM and De Clercq, C and Dembinski, H and De Ridder, Sam and Desiati, P and de Vries, KD and de Wasseige, G and de With, M and DeYoung, T and Diaz-Velez, JC and Dumm, JP and Dunkman, M and Eagan, R and Eberhardt, B and Ehrhardt, T and Eichmann, B and Eisch, J and Euler, S and Evenson, PA and Fadiran, O and Fazely, AR and Fedynitch, A and Feintzeig, J and Felde, J and Filimonov, K and Finley, C and Fischer-Wasels, T and Flis, S and Frantzen, K and Fuchs, T and Gaisser, TK and Gaior, R and Gallagher, J and Gerhardt, L and Gier, D and Gladstone, L and Glusenkamp, T and Goldschmidt, A and Golup, G and Gonzalez, JG and Goodman, JA and Gora, D and Grant, D and Gretskov, P and Groh, JC and Gross, A and Ha, C and Haack, C and Ismail, AH and Hallen, P and Hallgren, A and Halzen, F and Hanson, K and Hebecker, D and Heereman, D and Heinen, D and Helbing, K and Hellauer, R and Hellwig, D and Hickford, S and Hignight, J and Hill, GC and Hoffman, KD and Hoffmann, R and Homeier, A and Hoshina, K and Huang, F and Huelsnitz, W and Hulth, PO and Hultqvist, K and In, S and Ishihara, A and Jacobi, E and Jacobsen, J and Japaridze, GS and Jero, K and Jurkovic, M and Kaminsky, B and Kappes, A and Karg, T and Karle, A and Kauer, M and Keivani, A and Kelley, JL and Kheirandish, A and Kiryluk, J and Klas, J and Klein, SR and Kohne, JH and Kohnen, G and Kolanoski, H and Koob, A and Kopke, L and Kopper, C and Kopper, S and Koskinen, DJ and Kowalski, M and Krings, K and Kroll, G and Kroll, M and Kunnen, J and Kurahashi, N and Kuwabara, T and Labare, Mathieu and Lanfranchi, JL and Larsen, DT and Larson, MJ and Lesiak-Bzdak, M and Leuermann, M and Lunemann, J and Madsen, J and Maggi, G and Mahn, KBM and Maruyama, R and Mase, K and Matis, HS and Maunu, R and McNally, F and Meagher, K and Medici, M and Meli, Athina and Meures, T and Miarecki, S and Middell, E and Middlemas, E and Milke, N and Miller, J and Mohrmann, L and Montaruli, T and Morse, R and Nahnhauer, R and Naumann, U and Niederhausen, H and Nowicki, SC and Nygren, DR and Obertacke, A and Olivas, A and Omairat, A and O'Murchadha, A and Palczewski, T and Paul, L and Pepper, JA and de los Heros, CP and Pfendner, C and Pieloth, D and Pinat, E and Posselt, J and Price, PB and Przybylski, GT and Putz, J and Quinnan, M and Radel, L and Rameez, M and Rawlins, K and Redl, P and Rees, I and Reimann, R and Relich, M and Resconi, E and Rhode, W and Richman, M and Riedel, B and Robertson, S and Rodrigues, JP and Rongen, M and Rott, C and Ruhe, T and Ruzybayev, B and Ryckbosch, Dirk and Saba, SM and Sander, HG and Sandroos, J and Santander, M and Sarkar, S and Schatto, K and Scheriau, F and Schmidt, T and Schmitz, M and Schoenen, S and Schoneberg, S and Schonwald, A and Schukraft, A and Schulte, L and Schulz, O and Seckel, D and Sestayo, Y and Seunarine, S and Shanidze, R and Smith, MWE and Soldin, D and Spiczak, GM and Spiering, C and Stamatikos, M and Stanev, T and Stanisha, NA and Stasik, A and Stezelberger, T and Stokstad, RG and Stossl, A and Strahler, EA and Strom, R and Strotjohann, NL and Sullivan, GW and Sutherland, M and Taavola, H and Taboada, I and Tamburro, A and Ter-Antonyan, S and Terliuk, A and Tesic, G and Tilav, S and Toale, PA and Tobin, MN and Tosi, D and Tselengidou, M and Unger, E and Usner, M and Vallecorsa, S and van Eijndhoven, N and Vandenbroucke, J and van Santen, J and Vanheule, Sander and Vehring, M and Voge, M and Vraeghe, Matthias and Walck, C and Wallraff, M and Weaver, C and Wellons, M and Wendt, C and Westerhoff, S and Whelan, BJ and Whitehorn, N and Wichary, C and Wiebe, K and Wiebusch, CH and Williams, DR and Wissing, H and Wolf, M and Wood, TR and Woschnagg, K and Xu, DL and Xu, XW and Xu, Y and Yanez, JP and Yodh, G and Yoshida, S and Zarzhitsky, P and Ziemann, J and Zoll, M},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {binaries: general,astroparticle physics,BL Lacertae objects: general,galaxies: active,neutrinos,X-rays: binaries,1ES-1959+650,MODEL,TEV,ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI,GAMMA-RAY EMISSION,LS I+61-DEGREES-303,ACCELERATION,PROTON BLAZAR,LAC OBJECTS,COSMIC-RAYS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {Searches for time-dependent neutrino sources with IceCube data from 2008 to 2012},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/807/1/46},
  volume       = {807},
  year         = {2015},
}

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