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On the relation between local and charge-transfer exciton binding energies in organic photovoltaic materials

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Abstract
In organic photovoltaic devices two types of excitons can be generated for which different binding energies can be defined: the binding energy of the local exciton generated immediately after light absorption on the polymer and the binding energy of the charge-transfer exciton generated through the electron transfer from polymer to PCBM. Lowering these two binding energies is expected to improve the efficiency of the devices. Using (time-dependent) density functional theory, we studied whether a relation exists between the two different binding energies. For a series of related co-monomers, we found that the local exciton binding energy on a monomer is not directly related to that of the charge-transfer exciton on a monomer-PCBM complex because the variation in exciton binding energy depends mainly on the variation in electron affinity, which does not affect in a direct way the charge-transfer exciton binding energy. Furthermore, for the studied co-monomers and their corresponding trimers, we provide detailed information on the amount of charge transfer upon excitation and on the charge transfer excitation length. This detailed study of the excitation process reveals that the thiophene unit that links the donor and acceptor fragments of the co-monomer actively participates in the charge transfer process.
Keywords
SOLAR-CELLS, POPULATION ANALYSIS, ACCEPTOR, DONOR, GENERATION, CHEMISTRY, POLYMERS, STATES, HETEROJUNCTIONS, MORPHOLOGY, organic photovoltaics, (time-dependent) density functional theory, donor-acceptor co-monomers, local exciton, charge-transfer exciton, exciton binding energy

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Chicago
de Gier, Hilde D, R Broer, and Remco Havenith. 2015. “On the Relation Between Local and Charge-transfer Exciton Binding Energies in Organic Photovoltaic Materials.” In Proceedings Os SPIE, ed. Zakya Kafafi, Paul Lane, and Ifor Samuel. Vol. 9567.
APA
de Gier, H. D., Broer, R., & Havenith, R. (2015). On the relation between local and charge-transfer exciton binding energies in organic photovoltaic materials. In Zakya Kafafi, P. Lane, & I. Samuel (Eds.), Proceedings os SPIE (Vol. 9567). Presented at the Conference on Organic Photovoltaics XVI .
Vancouver
1.
de Gier HD, Broer R, Havenith R. On the relation between local and charge-transfer exciton binding energies in organic photovoltaic materials. In: Kafafi Z, Lane P, Samuel I, editors. Proceedings os SPIE. 2015.
MLA
de Gier, Hilde D, R Broer, and Remco Havenith. “On the Relation Between Local and Charge-transfer Exciton Binding Energies in Organic Photovoltaic Materials.” Proceedings Os SPIE. Ed. Zakya Kafafi, Paul Lane, & Ifor Samuel. Vol. 9567. 2015. Print.
@inproceedings{7105049,
  abstract     = {In organic photovoltaic devices two types of excitons can be generated for which different binding energies can be defined: the binding energy of the local exciton generated immediately after light absorption on the polymer and the binding energy of the charge-transfer exciton generated through the electron transfer from polymer to PCBM. Lowering these two binding energies is expected to improve the efficiency of the devices. Using (time-dependent) density functional theory, we studied whether a relation exists between the two different binding energies. For a series of related co-monomers, we found that the local exciton binding energy on a monomer is not directly related to that of the charge-transfer exciton on a monomer-PCBM complex because the variation in exciton binding energy depends mainly on the variation in electron affinity, which does not affect in a direct way the charge-transfer exciton binding energy. Furthermore, for the studied co-monomers and their corresponding trimers, we provide detailed information on the amount of charge transfer upon excitation and on the charge transfer excitation length. This detailed study of the excitation process reveals that the thiophene unit that links the donor and acceptor fragments of the co-monomer actively participates in the charge transfer process.},
  articleno    = {9567ON},
  author       = {de Gier, Hilde D and Broer, R and Havenith, Remco},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings os SPIE},
  editor       = {Kafafi, Zakya and Lane, Paul and Samuel, Ifor},
  isbn         = {9781628417333},
  issn         = {0277-786X },
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {San Diego, CA , USA},
  pages        = {18},
  title        = {On the relation between local and charge-transfer exciton binding energies in organic photovoltaic materials},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2187872},
  volume       = {9567},
  year         = {2015},
}

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