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Effects of dairy products consumption on health : benefits and beliefs : a commentary from the Belgian Bone Club and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases

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Abstract
Dairy products provide a package of essential nutrients that is difficult to obtain in low-dairy or dairy-free diets, and for many people it is not possible to achieve recommended daily calcium intakes with a dairy-free diet. Despite the established benefits for bone health, some people avoid dairy in their diet due to beliefs that dairy may be detrimental to health, especially in those with weight management issues, lactose intolerance, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or trying to avoid cardiovascular disease. This review provides information for health professionals to enable them to help their patients make informed decisions about consuming dairy products as part of a balanced diet. There may be a weak association between dairy consumption and a possible small weight reduction, with decreases in fat mass and waist circumference and increases in lean body mass. Lactose intolerant individuals may not need to completely eliminate dairy products from their diet, as both yogurt and hard cheese are well tolerated. Among people with arthritis, there is no evidence for a benefit to avoid dairy consumption. Dairy products do not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, particularly if low fat. Intake of up to three servings of dairy products per day appears to be safe and may confer a favourable benefit with regard to bone health.
Keywords
RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, CALCIUM SUPPLEMENTATION, PROSPECTIVE COHORT, HIP FRACTURE, POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN, VITAMIN-D SUPPLEMENTATION, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL, DIETARY-PROTEIN INTAKE, NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY, Weight management, Lactose intolerance, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS, Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Cardiovascular disease, Dairy products

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Chicago
Rozenberg, Serge, Jean-Jacques Body, Olivier Bruyère, Pierre Bergmann, Maria Luisa Brandi, Cyrus Cooper, Jean-Pierre Devogelaer, et al. 2016. “Effects of Dairy Products Consumption on Health : Benefits and Beliefs : a Commentary from the Belgian Bone Club and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases.” Calcified Tissue International 98 (1): 1–17.
APA
Rozenberg, S., Body, J.-J., Bruyère, O., Bergmann, P., Brandi, M. L., Cooper, C., Devogelaer, J.-P., et al. (2016). Effects of dairy products consumption on health : benefits and beliefs : a commentary from the Belgian Bone Club and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases. CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL, 98(1), 1–17.
Vancouver
1.
Rozenberg S, Body J-J, Bruyère O, Bergmann P, Brandi ML, Cooper C, et al. Effects of dairy products consumption on health : benefits and beliefs : a commentary from the Belgian Bone Club and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases. CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL. 2016;98(1):1–17.
MLA
Rozenberg, Serge et al. “Effects of Dairy Products Consumption on Health : Benefits and Beliefs : a Commentary from the Belgian Bone Club and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases.” CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL 98.1 (2016): 1–17. Print.
@article{7101345,
  abstract     = {Dairy products provide a package of essential nutrients that is difficult to obtain in low-dairy or dairy-free diets, and for many people it is not possible to achieve recommended daily calcium intakes with a dairy-free diet. Despite the established benefits for bone health, some people avoid dairy in their diet due to beliefs that dairy may be detrimental to health, especially in those with weight management issues, lactose intolerance, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or trying to avoid cardiovascular disease. This review provides information for health professionals to enable them to help their patients make informed decisions about consuming dairy products as part of a balanced diet. There may be a weak association between dairy consumption and a possible small weight reduction, with decreases in fat mass and waist circumference and increases in lean body mass. Lactose intolerant individuals may not need to completely eliminate dairy products from their diet, as both yogurt and hard cheese are well tolerated. Among people with arthritis, there is no evidence for a benefit to avoid dairy consumption. Dairy products do not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, particularly if low fat. Intake of up to three servings of dairy products per day appears to be safe and may confer a favourable benefit with regard to bone health.},
  author       = {Rozenberg, Serge and Body, Jean-Jacques and Bruyère, Olivier and Bergmann, Pierre and Brandi, Maria Luisa and Cooper, Cyrus and Devogelaer, Jean-Pierre and Gielen, Evelien and Goemaere, Stefan and Kaufman, Jean and Rizzoli, René and Reginster, Jean-Yves},
  issn         = {0171-967X},
  journal      = {CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL},
  keywords     = {RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS,CALCIUM SUPPLEMENTATION,PROSPECTIVE COHORT,HIP FRACTURE,POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN,VITAMIN-D SUPPLEMENTATION,PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL,DIETARY-PROTEIN INTAKE,NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY,Weight management,Lactose intolerance,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS,Osteoporosis,Arthritis,Cardiovascular disease,Dairy products},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--17},
  title        = {Effects of dairy products consumption on health : benefits and beliefs : a commentary from the Belgian Bone Club and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-015-0062-x},
  volume       = {98},
  year         = {2016},
}

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