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Cross-sectional associations between sitting time and several aspects of mental health in Belgian adults

Melinda Asztalos (UGent) , Greet Cardon (UGent) , Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij (UGent) and Katrien De Cocker (UGent)
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Organization
Abstract
Background: Sedentary behavior (including sitting) is negatively associated with physical health, independent from physical activity (PA). Knowledge on the associations with mental health is less elaborated. Therefore this study aims to investigate the relationship between sitting and 5 indices of mental health in adults (psychological distress, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sleeping problems), and between sitting interactions (sittingxgender, sittingxage, sittingxeducation, and sittingxPA) and these mental health indices. Methods: A cohort of Belgian adults (25-64 years; n = 4344) provided self-reported data on sitting and PA and on 5 mental health indices. Cross-sectional associations were examined using multiple linear regression analyses. Results: Analyses adjusted for gender, age, education, and PA showed significant positive associations between sitting and the 5 mental health indices (P<.05). All associations were true for both men and women, and for low and high educated individuals, while some were only found in older individuals (somatization, P<.001) and those being insufficiently active (psychological distress, P=.007; depression, P=.002; and anxiety, P=.014). Conclusions: More sitting seems to be associated with poorer mental health, independently of gender, age, education, and PA. Moderation analyses showed that these associations may differ according to age and PA levels.
Keywords
EXERCISE, BENEFITS, OVERWEIGHT, DEPRESSION, VALIDATION, QUESTIONNAIRE, DISORDERS, WOMEN, SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, regression analysis, cross-sectional study, sedentary behavior, survey

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MLA
Asztalos, Melinda, et al. “Cross-Sectional Associations between Sitting Time and Several Aspects of Mental Health in Belgian Adults.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, vol. 12, no. 8, 2015, pp. 1112–18, doi:10.1123/jpah.2013-0513.
APA
Asztalos, M., Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & De Cocker, K. (2015). Cross-sectional associations between sitting time and several aspects of mental health in Belgian adults. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, 12(8), 1112–1118. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0513
Chicago author-date
Asztalos, Melinda, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, and Katrien De Cocker. 2015. “Cross-Sectional Associations between Sitting Time and Several Aspects of Mental Health in Belgian Adults.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH 12 (8): 1112–18. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0513.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Asztalos, Melinda, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, and Katrien De Cocker. 2015. “Cross-Sectional Associations between Sitting Time and Several Aspects of Mental Health in Belgian Adults.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH 12 (8): 1112–1118. doi:10.1123/jpah.2013-0513.
Vancouver
1.
Asztalos M, Cardon G, De Bourdeaudhuij I, De Cocker K. Cross-sectional associations between sitting time and several aspects of mental health in Belgian adults. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH. 2015;12(8):1112–8.
IEEE
[1]
M. Asztalos, G. Cardon, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, and K. De Cocker, “Cross-sectional associations between sitting time and several aspects of mental health in Belgian adults,” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1112–1118, 2015.
@article{7097959,
  abstract     = {{Background: Sedentary behavior (including sitting) is negatively associated with physical health, independent from physical activity (PA). Knowledge on the associations with mental health is less elaborated. Therefore this study aims to investigate the relationship between sitting and 5 indices of mental health in adults (psychological distress, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sleeping problems), and between sitting interactions (sittingxgender, sittingxage, sittingxeducation, and sittingxPA) and these mental health indices.
Methods: A cohort of Belgian adults (25-64 years; n = 4344) provided self-reported data on sitting and PA and on 5 mental health indices. Cross-sectional associations were examined using multiple linear regression analyses.
Results: Analyses adjusted for gender, age, education, and PA showed significant positive associations between sitting and the 5 mental health indices (P<.05). All associations were true for both men and women, and for low and high educated individuals, while some were only found in older individuals (somatization, P<.001) and those being insufficiently active (psychological distress, P=.007; depression, P=.002; and anxiety, P=.014).
Conclusions: More sitting seems to be associated with poorer mental health, independently of gender, age, education, and PA. Moderation analyses showed that these associations may differ according to age and PA levels.}},
  author       = {{Asztalos, Melinda and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and De Cocker, Katrien}},
  issn         = {{1543-3080}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH}},
  keywords     = {{EXERCISE,BENEFITS,OVERWEIGHT,DEPRESSION,VALIDATION,QUESTIONNAIRE,DISORDERS,WOMEN,SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,regression analysis,cross-sectional study,sedentary behavior,survey}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{8}},
  pages        = {{1112--1118}},
  title        = {{Cross-sectional associations between sitting time and several aspects of mental health in Belgian adults}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0513}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2015}},
}

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