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Combined spectroscopic analysis of beads from the tombs of Kindoki, lower Congo Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Anastasia Rousaki UGent, Alessia Coccato, C Verhaeghe, Bernard-Olivier Clist UGent, Koen Bostoen UGent, Peter Vandenabeele UGent and Luc Moens UGent (2016) APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY. 70(1). p.76-93
abstract
Raman spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis are commonly applied to archaeological objects as a fast and nondestructive way to characterize the materials. Here, micro-Raman spectroscopy and chemometrics on handheld XRF results were used to completely characterize beads found during archaeological excavations in the Congo. Metallic objects, organogenic materials, and glass beads were studied. Special attention was paid to the glassy materials, as they seem to be of European production. The matrix family and crystalline phases assemblage, as well as the results from principal components analysis on the elemental data, were used to define groups of beads of similar composition, and therefore probably of similar origin. This research project establishes the feasibility of this approach to archaeological glasses, and can be used to confirm and support the bead typologies used by archaeologists.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ROCK ART, ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE, RESISTANT RULES, PIGMENTS, SPECTRA, MICROSPECTROSCOPY, SILICATE-GLASSES, Micro-Raman spectroscopy, GLASS TRADE BEADS, MICRO-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY, Handheld X-ray fluorescence, Chemometrics, Western Central-African beads, Archaeometry, Colored glass, CHEMICAL-ANALYSIS
journal title
APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY
Appl. Spectrosc.
volume
70
issue
1
pages
76 - 93
publisher
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000368604500009
JCR category
INSTRUMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION
JCR impact factor
1.529 (2016)
JCR rank
29/58 (2016)
JCR quartile
2 (2016)
ISSN
0003-7028
DOI
10.1177/0003702815616595
project
KONGOKING (Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom.)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7097886
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7097886
date created
2016-02-23 16:01:18
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:39:00
@article{7097886,
  abstract     = {Raman spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis are commonly applied to archaeological objects as a fast and nondestructive way to characterize the materials. Here, micro-Raman spectroscopy and chemometrics on handheld XRF results were used to completely characterize beads found during archaeological excavations in the Congo. Metallic objects, organogenic materials, and glass beads were studied. Special attention was paid to the glassy materials, as they seem to be of European production. The matrix family and crystalline phases assemblage, as well as the results from principal components analysis on the elemental data, were used to define groups of beads of similar composition, and therefore probably of similar origin. This research project establishes the feasibility of this approach to archaeological glasses, and can be used to confirm and support the bead typologies used by archaeologists.},
  author       = {Rousaki, Anastasia and Coccato, Alessia and Verhaeghe, C and Clist, Bernard-Olivier and Bostoen, Koen and Vandenabeele, Peter and Moens, Luc},
  issn         = {0003-7028},
  journal      = {APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY},
  keyword      = {ROCK ART,ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE,RESISTANT RULES,PIGMENTS,SPECTRA,MICROSPECTROSCOPY,SILICATE-GLASSES,Micro-Raman spectroscopy,GLASS TRADE BEADS,MICRO-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY,Handheld X-ray fluorescence,Chemometrics,Western Central-African beads,Archaeometry,Colored glass,CHEMICAL-ANALYSIS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {76--93},
  publisher    = {SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC},
  title        = {Combined spectroscopic analysis of beads from the tombs of Kindoki, lower Congo Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003702815616595},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Rousaki, Anastasia, Alessia Coccato, C Verhaeghe, Bernard-Olivier Clist, Koen Bostoen, Peter Vandenabeele, and Luc Moens. 2016. “Combined Spectroscopic Analysis of Beads from the Tombs of Kindoki, Lower Congo Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo).” Applied Spectroscopy 70 (1): 76–93.
APA
Rousaki, A., Coccato, A., Verhaeghe, C., Clist, B.-O., Bostoen, K., Vandenabeele, P., & Moens, L. (2016). Combined spectroscopic analysis of beads from the tombs of Kindoki, lower Congo Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo). APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY, 70(1), 76–93.
Vancouver
1.
Rousaki A, Coccato A, Verhaeghe C, Clist B-O, Bostoen K, Vandenabeele P, et al. Combined spectroscopic analysis of beads from the tombs of Kindoki, lower Congo Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo). APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY. SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC; 2016;70(1):76–93.
MLA
Rousaki, Anastasia, Alessia Coccato, C Verhaeghe, et al. “Combined Spectroscopic Analysis of Beads from the Tombs of Kindoki, Lower Congo Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo).” APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY 70.1 (2016): 76–93. Print.