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Talent in female gymnastics: a survival analysis based upon performance characteristics

Johan Pion UGent, Matthieu Lenoir UGent, Barbara Vandorpe UGent and Veerle Segers (2015) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE. 36(11). p.935-940
abstract
This study investigated the link between the anthropometric, physical and motor characteristics assessed during talent identification and dropout in young female gymnasts. 3 cohorts of female gymnasts (n=243; 6-9 years) completed a test battery for talent identification. Performance-levels were monitored over 5 years of competition. Kaplan-Meier and Cox Proportional Hazards analyses were conducted to determine the survival rate and the characteristics that influence dropout respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that only 18% of the female gymnasts that passed the baseline talent identification test survived at the highest competition level 5 years later. The Cox Proportional Hazards Model indicated that gymnasts with a score in the best quartile for a specific characteristic significantly increased chances of survival by 45-129%. These characteristics being: basic motor skills (129%), shoulder strength (96%), leg strength (53%) and 3 gross motor coordination items (45-73%). These results suggest that tests batteries commonly used for talent identification in young female gymnasts may also provide valuable insights into future dropout. Therefore, multidimensional test batteries deserve a prominent place in the selection process. The individual test results should encourage trainers to invest in an early development of basic physical and motor characteristics to prevent attrition.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
IDENTIFICATION, EXPERTISE, participation, SPORT, motor coordination tests, physical tests, anthropometry, talent identification, dropout
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Int. J. Sports Med.
volume
36
issue
11
pages
935 - 940
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000362400200011
JCR category
SPORT SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
2.528 (2015)
JCR rank
15/82 (2015)
JCR quartile
1 (2015)
ISSN
0172-4622
DOI
10.1055/s-0035-1548887
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7094133
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7094133
date created
2016-02-22 10:08:12
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:23
@article{7094133,
  abstract     = {This study investigated the link between the anthropometric, physical and motor characteristics assessed during talent identification and dropout in young female gymnasts. 3 cohorts of female gymnasts (n=243; 6-9 years) completed a test battery for talent identification. Performance-levels were monitored over 5 years of competition. Kaplan-Meier and Cox Proportional Hazards analyses were conducted to determine the survival rate and the characteristics that influence dropout respectively. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that only 18\% of the female gymnasts that passed the baseline talent identification test survived at the highest competition level 5 years later. The Cox Proportional Hazards Model indicated that gymnasts with a score in the best quartile for a specific characteristic significantly increased chances of survival by 45-129\%. These characteristics being: basic motor skills (129\%), shoulder strength (96\%), leg strength (53\%) and 3 gross motor coordination items (45-73\%). These results suggest that tests batteries commonly used for talent identification in young female gymnasts may also provide valuable insights into future dropout. Therefore, multidimensional test batteries deserve a prominent place in the selection process. The individual test results should encourage trainers to invest in an early development of basic physical and motor characteristics to prevent attrition.},
  author       = {Pion, Johan and Lenoir, Matthieu and Vandorpe, Barbara and Segers, Veerle},
  issn         = {0172-4622},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {IDENTIFICATION,EXPERTISE,participation,SPORT,motor coordination tests,physical tests,anthropometry,talent identification,dropout},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {935--940},
  title        = {Talent in female gymnastics: a survival analysis based upon performance characteristics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1548887},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2015},
}

Chicago
Pion, Johan, Matthieu Lenoir, Barbara Vandorpe, and Veerle Segers. 2015. “Talent in Female Gymnastics: a Survival Analysis Based Upon Performance Characteristics.” International Journal of Sports Medicine 36 (11): 935–940.
APA
Pion, J., Lenoir, M., Vandorpe, B., & Segers, V. (2015). Talent in female gymnastics: a survival analysis based upon performance characteristics. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 36(11), 935–940.
Vancouver
1.
Pion J, Lenoir M, Vandorpe B, Segers V. Talent in female gymnastics: a survival analysis based upon performance characteristics. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE. 2015;36(11):935–40.
MLA
Pion, Johan, Matthieu Lenoir, Barbara Vandorpe, et al. “Talent in Female Gymnastics: a Survival Analysis Based Upon Performance Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE 36.11 (2015): 935–940. Print.