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Gender differences in liking and wanting sex: examining the role of motivational context and implicit versus explicit processing

Marieke Dewitte (2015) ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. 44(6). p.1663-1674
abstract
The present study investigated the specificity of sexual appraisal processes by making a distinction between implicit and explicit appraisals and between the affective (liking) and motivational (wanting) valence of sexual stimuli. These appraisals are assumed to diverge between men and women, depending on the context in which the sexual stimulus is encountered. Using an Implicit Association Test, explicit ratings, and film clips to prime a sexual, romantic or neutral motivational context, we investigated whether liking and wanting of sexual stimuli differed at the implicit and explicit level, differed between men and women, and were differentially sensitive to context manipulations. Results showed that, at the implicit level, women wanted more sex after being primed with romantic mood whereas men showed the least wanting of sex in the romantic condition. At the explicit level, men reported greater liking and wanting of sex than women, independently of context. We also found that women's (self-reported) sexual behavior was best predicted by the incentive salience of sexual stimuli whereas men's sexual behavior was more closely related to the hedonic qualities of sexual stimuli. Results were discussed in relation to an emotion-motivational account of sexual functioning.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
WOMEN DIFFER, MEN, GOAL PURSUIT, DIFFERENT MODEL, SEXUALITY, INFORMATION, MOTIVES, Sexual appraisal, Information processing, Gender differences, Sexual desire, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, ASSOCIATION TEST, INCENTIVE-SENSITIZATION THEORY
journal title
ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
Arch. Sex. Behav.
volume
44
issue
6
pages
1663 - 1674
publisher
SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
place of publication
NEW YORK
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000358137500013
JCR category
SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
2.704 (2015)
JCR rank
3/93 (2015)
JCR quartile
1 (2015)
ISSN
0004-0002
DOI
10.1007/s10508-014-0419-7
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7090947
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7090947
date created
2016-02-18 14:56:34
date last changed
2017-01-02 09:56:19
@article{7090947,
  abstract     = {The present study investigated the specificity of sexual appraisal processes by making a distinction between implicit and explicit appraisals and between the affective (liking) and motivational (wanting) valence of sexual stimuli. These appraisals are assumed to diverge between men and women, depending on the context in which the sexual stimulus is encountered. Using an Implicit Association Test, explicit ratings, and film clips to prime a sexual, romantic or neutral motivational context, we investigated whether liking and wanting of sexual stimuli differed at the implicit and explicit level, differed between men and women, and were differentially sensitive to context manipulations. Results showed that, at the implicit level, women wanted more sex after being primed with romantic mood whereas men showed the least wanting of sex in the romantic condition. At the explicit level, men reported greater liking and wanting of sex than women, independently of context. We also found that women's (self-reported) sexual behavior was best predicted by the incentive salience of sexual stimuli whereas men's sexual behavior was more closely related to the hedonic qualities of sexual stimuli. Results were discussed in relation to an emotion-motivational account of sexual functioning.},
  author       = {Dewitte, Marieke},
  issn         = {0004-0002},
  journal      = {ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR},
  keyword      = {WOMEN DIFFER,MEN,GOAL PURSUIT,DIFFERENT MODEL,SEXUALITY,INFORMATION,MOTIVES,Sexual appraisal,Information processing,Gender differences,Sexual desire,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,ASSOCIATION TEST,INCENTIVE-SENSITIZATION THEORY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1663--1674},
  publisher    = {SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS},
  title        = {Gender differences in liking and wanting sex: examining the role of motivational context and implicit versus explicit processing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-014-0419-7},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2015},
}

Chicago
Dewitte, Marieke. 2015. “Gender Differences in Liking and Wanting Sex: Examining the Role of Motivational Context and Implicit Versus Explicit Processing.” Archives of Sexual Behavior 44 (6): 1663–1674.
APA
Dewitte, M. (2015). Gender differences in liking and wanting sex: examining the role of motivational context and implicit versus explicit processing. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, 44(6), 1663–1674.
Vancouver
1.
Dewitte M. Gender differences in liking and wanting sex: examining the role of motivational context and implicit versus explicit processing. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. NEW YORK: SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS; 2015;44(6):1663–74.
MLA
Dewitte, Marieke. “Gender Differences in Liking and Wanting Sex: Examining the Role of Motivational Context and Implicit Versus Explicit Processing.” ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 44.6 (2015): 1663–1674. Print.