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Physical activity is associated with attention capacity in adolescents

(2016) JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 168. p.126-131
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Abstract
Objective: To assess the relationships among physical activity, measured objectively, and attention capacity in European adolescents. Study design: The study included 273 adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. Multivariate analyses were used to study the association of attention capacity with each measure of physical activity. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine thresholds that best discriminate between low and good attention capacity. Results: After controlling for potential confounding variables (age, sex, body mass index, parental educational level, fat mass, aerobic fitness, and center), adolescents' attention capacity test performances were significantly and positively associated with longer time spent in moderate or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in free-living conditions (P <.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed that the physical activity thresholds that best discriminated between low/good attention capacities were >= 41 min.day(-1) for moderate, >= 12 min.day(-1) for vigorous, and >= 58 min.day(-1) for MVPA. Conclusion: These findings suggest that promoting MVPA may be have a beneficial effect on attention capacity, an important component of cognition, in adolescents.
Keywords
ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE, COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE, EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS, CHILDREN, EXERCISE, FITNESS, HELENA, OVERWEIGHT, NUTRITION

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Chicago
Vanhelst, Jérémy, Laurent Béghin, Alain Duhamel, Yannis Manios, Denes Molnar, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, et al. 2016. “Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents.” Journal of Pediatrics 168: 126–131.
APA
Vanhelst, J., Béghin, L., Duhamel, A., Manios, Y., Molnar, D., De Henauw, S., Moreno, L. A., et al. (2016). Physical activity is associated with attention capacity in adolescents. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 168, 126–131.
Vancouver
1.
Vanhelst J, Béghin L, Duhamel A, Manios Y, Molnar D, De Henauw S, et al. Physical activity is associated with attention capacity in adolescents. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 2016;168:126–31.
MLA
Vanhelst, Jérémy, Laurent Béghin, Alain Duhamel, et al. “Physical Activity Is Associated with Attention Capacity in Adolescents.” JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS 168 (2016): 126–131. Print.
@article{7089897,
  abstract     = {Objective: To assess the relationships among physical activity, measured objectively, and attention capacity in European adolescents. 
Study design: The study included 273 adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity. The d2 Test of Attention was administered to assess attention capacity. Multivariate analyses were used to study the association of attention capacity with each measure of physical activity. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine thresholds that best discriminate between low and good attention capacity. 
Results: After controlling for potential confounding variables (age, sex, body mass index, parental educational level, fat mass, aerobic fitness, and center), adolescents' attention capacity test performances were significantly and positively associated with longer time spent in moderate or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in free-living conditions (P {\textlangle}.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed that the physical activity thresholds that best discriminated between low/good attention capacities were {\textrangle}= 41 min.day(-1) for moderate, {\textrangle}= 12 min.day(-1) for vigorous, and {\textrangle}= 58 min.day(-1) for MVPA. 
Conclusion: These findings suggest that promoting MVPA may be have a beneficial effect on attention capacity, an important component of cognition, in adolescents.},
  author       = {Vanhelst, J{\'e}r{\'e}my and B{\'e}ghin, Laurent and Duhamel, Alain and Manios, Yannis and Molnar, Denes and De Henauw, Stefaan and Moreno, Luis A and Ortega, Francisco B and Sj{\"o}str{\"o}m, Michael and Widhalm, Kurt and Gottrand, Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric},
  issn         = {0022-3476},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS},
  keyword      = {ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT,HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE,COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE,EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS,CHILDREN,EXERCISE,FITNESS,HELENA,OVERWEIGHT,NUTRITION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {126--131},
  title        = {Physical activity is associated with attention capacity in adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.09.029},
  volume       = {168},
  year         = {2016},
}

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