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Leadership and decision-making practices in public versus private universities in Pakistan

Asia Zulfqar (UGent) , Martin Valcke (UGent) , Geert Devos (UGent) , Melissa Tuytens (UGent) and Abid Hussain Shahzad (UGent)
(2016) ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW. 17(1). p.147-159
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Abstract
The goal of this study is to examine differences in leadership and decision-making practices in public and private universities in Pakistan, with a focus on transformational leadership (TL) and participative decision-making (PDM). We conducted semi-structured interviews with 46 deans and heads of department from two public and two private universities in Pakistan. Our findings indicate that leadership and decision-making practices are different in public and private universities. While differences were observed in all six types of TL-behaviour, the following three approaches emerged to be crucial in both public and private universities: (1) articulating a vision, (2) fostering the acceptance of group goals, and (3) high-performance expectations. In terms of PDM, deans and heads of department in public and private universities adopt a collaborative approach. However, on a practical level this approach is limited to teacher- and student-related matters. Overall, our findings suggest that the leadership and decision-making practices in Pakistani public and private universities are transformational and participative in nature.
Keywords
PERFORMANCE, TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, ACCOUNTABILITY, MANAGEMENT, Leadership, universities, Pakistan, transformational, public/private, participative decision making

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Zulfqar, Asia et al. “Leadership and Decision-making Practices in Public Versus Private Universities in Pakistan.” ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW 17.1 (2016): 147–159. Print.
APA
Zulfqar, A., Valcke, M., Devos, G., Tuytens, M., & Shahzad, A. H. (2016). Leadership and decision-making practices in public versus private universities in Pakistan. ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW, 17(1), 147–159.
Chicago author-date
Zulfqar, Asia, Martin Valcke, Geert Devos, Melissa Tuytens, and Abid Hussain Shahzad. 2016. “Leadership and Decision-making Practices in Public Versus Private Universities in Pakistan.” Asia Pacific Education Review 17 (1): 147–159.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Zulfqar, Asia, Martin Valcke, Geert Devos, Melissa Tuytens, and Abid Hussain Shahzad. 2016. “Leadership and Decision-making Practices in Public Versus Private Universities in Pakistan.” Asia Pacific Education Review 17 (1): 147–159.
Vancouver
1.
Zulfqar A, Valcke M, Devos G, Tuytens M, Shahzad AH. Leadership and decision-making practices in public versus private universities in Pakistan. ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW. Springer; 2016;17(1):147–59.
IEEE
[1]
A. Zulfqar, M. Valcke, G. Devos, M. Tuytens, and A. H. Shahzad, “Leadership and decision-making practices in public versus private universities in Pakistan,” ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 147–159, 2016.
@article{7075319,
  abstract     = {The goal of this study is to examine differences in leadership and decision-making practices in public and private universities in Pakistan, with a focus on transformational leadership (TL) and participative decision-making (PDM). We conducted semi-structured interviews with 46 deans and heads of department from two public and two private universities in Pakistan. Our findings indicate that leadership and decision-making practices are different in public and private universities. While differences were observed in all six types of TL-behaviour, the following three approaches emerged to be crucial in both public and private universities: (1) articulating a vision, (2) fostering the acceptance of group goals, and (3) high-performance expectations. In terms of PDM, deans and heads of department in public and private universities adopt a collaborative approach. However, on a practical level this approach is limited to teacher- and student-related matters. Overall, our findings suggest that the leadership and decision-making practices in Pakistani public and private universities are transformational and participative in nature.},
  author       = {Zulfqar, Asia and Valcke, Martin and Devos, Geert and Tuytens, Melissa and Shahzad, Abid Hussain},
  issn         = {1598-1037},
  journal      = {ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW},
  keywords     = {PERFORMANCE,TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP,ACCOUNTABILITY,MANAGEMENT,Leadership,universities,Pakistan,transformational,public/private,participative decision making},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {147--159},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Leadership and decision-making practices in public versus private universities in Pakistan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12564-016-9414-0},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2016},
}

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