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Mal de debarquement syndrome : a systematic review

(2016) JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. 263(5). p.843-854
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Abstract
Mal de debarquement (MdD) is a subjective perception of self-motion after exposure to passive motion, in most cases sea travel, hence the name. Mal de debarquement occurs quite frequently in otherwise healthy individuals for a short period of time (several hours). However, in some people symptoms remain for a longer period of time or even persist and this is then called mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS). The underlying pathogenesis is poorly understood and therefore, treatment options are limited. In general, limited studies have focused on the topic, but the past few years more and more interest has been attributed to MdDS and its facets, which is reflected by an increasing number of papers. Till date, some interesting reviews on the topic have been published, but a systematic review of the literature is lacking and could help to address the shortcomings and flaws of the current literature. We here present a systematic review of MdD(S) based on a systematic search of medical databases employing predefined criteria, using the terms "mal de debarquement" and "sea legs". Based on this, we suggest a list of criteria that could aid healthcare professionals in the diagnosis of MdDS. Further research needs to address the blank gaps by addressing how prevalent MdD(S) really is, by digging deeper into the underlying pathophysiology and setting up prospective, randomized placebo-controlled studies to evaluate the effectiveness of possible treatment strategies.
Keywords
Mal de debarquement, Sea legs, Mal de debarquement syndrome, Systematic review, TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION, CLINICAL-FEATURES, BALANCE, CORTEX, EEG

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Chicago
Van Ombergen, Angelique, Vincent Van Rompaey, Leen Maes, Paul Van de Heyning, and Floris Wuyts. 2016. “Mal De Debarquement Syndrome : a Systematic Review.” Journal of Neurology 263 (5): 843–854.
APA
Van Ombergen, A., Van Rompaey, V., Maes, L., Van de Heyning, P., & Wuyts, F. (2016). Mal de debarquement syndrome : a systematic review. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 263(5), 843–854.
Vancouver
1.
Van Ombergen A, Van Rompaey V, Maes L, Van de Heyning P, Wuyts F. Mal de debarquement syndrome : a systematic review. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. 2016;263(5):843–54.
MLA
Van Ombergen, Angelique et al. “Mal De Debarquement Syndrome : a Systematic Review.” JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY 263.5 (2016): 843–854. Print.
@article{7075076,
  abstract     = {Mal de debarquement (MdD) is a subjective perception of self-motion after exposure to passive motion, in most cases sea travel, hence the name. Mal de debarquement occurs quite frequently in otherwise healthy individuals for a short period of time (several hours). However, in some people symptoms remain for a longer period of time or even persist and this is then called mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS). The underlying pathogenesis is poorly understood and therefore, treatment options are limited. In general, limited studies have focused on the topic, but the past few years more and more interest has been attributed to MdDS and its facets, which is reflected by an increasing number of papers. Till date, some interesting reviews on the topic have been published, but a systematic review of the literature is lacking and could help to address the shortcomings and flaws of the current literature. We here present a systematic review of MdD(S) based on a systematic search of medical databases employing predefined criteria, using the terms "mal de debarquement" and "sea legs". Based on this, we suggest a list of criteria that could aid healthcare professionals in the diagnosis of MdDS. Further research needs to address the blank gaps by addressing how prevalent MdD(S) really is, by digging deeper into the underlying pathophysiology and setting up prospective, randomized placebo-controlled studies to evaluate the effectiveness of possible treatment strategies.},
  author       = {Van Ombergen, Angelique and Van Rompaey, Vincent and Maes, Leen and Van de Heyning, Paul and Wuyts, Floris},
  issn         = {0340-5354},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY},
  keywords     = {Mal de debarquement,Sea legs,Mal de debarquement syndrome,Systematic review,TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION,CLINICAL-FEATURES,BALANCE,CORTEX,EEG},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {843--854},
  title        = {Mal de debarquement syndrome : a systematic review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-015-7962-6},
  volume       = {263},
  year         = {2016},
}

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