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Generalizing attentional control across dimensions and tasks: evidence from transfer of proportion-congruent effects

Peter Wuhr, Wout Duthoo (UGent) and Wim Notebaert (UGent)
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Abstract
Three experiments investigated transfer of list-wide proportion congruent (LWPC) effects from a set of congruent and incongruent items with different frequency (inducer task) to a set of congruent and incongruent items with equal frequency (diagnostic task). Experiments 1 and 2 mixed items from horizontal and vertical Simon tasks. Tasks always involved different stimuli that varied on the same dimension (colour) in Experiment 1 and on different dimensions (colour, shape) in Experiment 2. Experiment 3 mixed trials from a manual Simon task with trials from a vocal Stroop task, with colour being the relevant stimulus in both tasks. There were two major results. First, we observed transfer of LWPC effects in Experiments 1 and 3, when tasks shared the relevant dimension, but not in Experiment 2. Second, sequential modulations of congruency effects transferred in Experiment 1 only. Hence, the different transfer patterns suggest that LWPC effects and sequential modulations arise from different mechanisms. Moreover, the observation of transfer supports an account of LWPC effects in terms of list-wide cognitive control, while being at odds with accounts in terms of stimulus–response (contingency) learning and item-specific control.
Keywords
Transfer, Transient conflict adaptation, Gratton effect, Sustained conflict adaptation, Proportion-congruent effect, MECHANISMS, WORD STROOP, VISUAL-ATTENTION, RESPONSE ACTIVATION, STROOP TASK, SEQUENTIAL MODULATIONS, CONFLICT ADAPTATION, S-R COMPATIBILITY, SIMON TASK, COGNITIVE CONTROL, Congruency effect

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Chicago
Wuhr, Peter, Wout Duthoo, and Wim Notebaert. 2015. “Generalizing Attentional Control Across Dimensions and Tasks: Evidence from Transfer of Proportion-congruent Effects.” Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4): 779–801.
APA
Wuhr, P., Duthoo, W., & Notebaert, W. (2015). Generalizing attentional control across dimensions and tasks: evidence from transfer of proportion-congruent effects. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 68(4), 779–801.
Vancouver
1.
Wuhr P, Duthoo W, Notebaert W. Generalizing attentional control across dimensions and tasks: evidence from transfer of proportion-congruent effects. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. ABINGDON: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD; 2015;68(4):779–801.
MLA
Wuhr, Peter, Wout Duthoo, and Wim Notebaert. “Generalizing Attentional Control Across Dimensions and Tasks: Evidence from Transfer of Proportion-congruent Effects.” QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 68.4 (2015): 779–801. Print.
@article{7072893,
  abstract     = {Three experiments investigated transfer of list-wide proportion congruent (LWPC) effects from a set of congruent and incongruent items with different frequency (inducer task) to a set of congruent and incongruent items with equal frequency (diagnostic task). Experiments 1 and 2 mixed items from horizontal and vertical Simon tasks. Tasks always involved different stimuli that varied on the same dimension (colour) in Experiment 1 and on different dimensions (colour, shape) in Experiment 2. Experiment 3 mixed trials from a manual Simon task with trials from a vocal Stroop task, with colour being the relevant stimulus in both tasks. There were two major results. First, we observed transfer of LWPC effects in Experiments 1 and 3, when tasks shared the relevant dimension, but not in Experiment 2. Second, sequential modulations of congruency effects transferred in Experiment 1 only. Hence, the different transfer patterns suggest that LWPC effects and sequential modulations arise from different mechanisms. Moreover, the observation of transfer supports an account of LWPC effects in terms of list-wide cognitive control, while being at odds with accounts in terms of stimulus–response (contingency) learning and item-specific control.},
  author       = {Wuhr, Peter and Duthoo, Wout and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {1747-0218},
  journal      = {QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Transfer,Transient conflict adaptation,Gratton effect,Sustained conflict adaptation,Proportion-congruent effect,MECHANISMS,WORD STROOP,VISUAL-ATTENTION,RESPONSE ACTIVATION,STROOP TASK,SEQUENTIAL MODULATIONS,CONFLICT ADAPTATION,S-R COMPATIBILITY,SIMON TASK,COGNITIVE CONTROL,Congruency effect},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {779--801},
  publisher    = {ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD},
  title        = {Generalizing attentional control across dimensions and tasks: evidence from transfer of proportion-congruent effects},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2014.966729},
  volume       = {68},
  year         = {2015},
}

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