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On the automaticity of language processing

Robert Hartsuiker UGent and Agnes Moors UGent (2016) Entrenchment and the psychology of language: how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge.
abstract
People speak and listen to language all the time. Given this high frequency of use, it is often suggested that at least some aspects of language processing are highly overlearned and therefore occur “automatically”. Here we critically examine this suggestion. We first sketch a framework that views automaticity as a set of interrelated features of mental processes and a matter of degree rather than a single feature that is all-or-none. We then apply this framework to language processing. To do so, we carve up the processes involved in language use according to (a) whether language processing takes place in monologue or dialogue, (b) whether the individual is comprehending or producing language, (c) whether the spoken or written modality is used, and (d) the linguistic processing level at which they occur, that is, phonology, the lexicon, syntax, or conceptual processes. This exercise suggests that while conceptual processes are relatively non-automatic (as is usually assumed), there is also considerable evidence that syntactic and lexical lower-level processes are not fully automatic. We close by discussing entrenchment as a set of mechanisms underlying automatization.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
bookChapter
publication status
in press
book title
Entrenchment and the psychology of language: how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge
publisher
De Gruyter
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
B2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7070871
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7070871
date created
2016-02-03 17:02:22
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:39:26
@incollection{7070871,
  abstract     = {People speak and listen to language all the time. Given this high frequency of use, it is often suggested that at least some aspects of language processing are highly overlearned and therefore occur {\textquotedblleft}automatically{\textquotedblright}. Here we critically examine this suggestion. We first sketch a framework that views automaticity as a set of interrelated features of mental processes and a matter of degree rather than a single feature that is all-or-none. We then apply this framework to language processing. To do so, we carve up the processes involved in language use according to (a) whether language processing takes place in monologue or dialogue, (b) whether the individual is comprehending or producing language, (c) whether the spoken or written modality is used, and (d) the linguistic processing level at which they occur, that is, phonology, the lexicon, syntax, or conceptual processes. This exercise suggests that while conceptual processes are relatively non-automatic (as is usually assumed), there is also considerable evidence that syntactic and lexical lower-level processes are not fully automatic. We close by discussing entrenchment as a set of mechanisms underlying automatization.},
  author       = {Hartsuiker, Robert and Moors, Agnes},
  booktitle    = {Entrenchment and the psychology of language: how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {De Gruyter},
  title        = {On the automaticity of language processing},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Hartsuiker, Robert, and Agnes Moors. 2016. “On the Automaticity of Language Processing.” In Entrenchment and the Psychology of Language: How We Reorganize and Adapt Linguistic Knowledge. De Gruyter.
APA
Hartsuiker, R., & Moors, A. (2016). On the automaticity of language processing. Entrenchment and the psychology of language: how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge. De Gruyter.
Vancouver
1.
Hartsuiker R, Moors A. On the automaticity of language processing. Entrenchment and the psychology of language: how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge. De Gruyter; 2016.
MLA
Hartsuiker, Robert, and Agnes Moors. “On the Automaticity of Language Processing.” Entrenchment and the Psychology of Language: How We Reorganize and Adapt Linguistic Knowledge. De Gruyter, 2016. Print.