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Abstract
People speak and listen to language all the time. Given this high frequency of use, it is often suggested that at least some aspects of language processing are highly overlearned and therefore occur “automatically”. Here we critically examine this suggestion. We first sketch a framework that views automaticity as a set of interrelated features of mental processes and a matter of degree rather than a single feature that is all-or-none. We then apply this framework to language processing. To do so, we carve up the processes involved in language use according to (a) whether language processing takes place in monologue or dialogue, (b) whether the individual is comprehending or producing language, (c) whether the spoken or written modality is used, and (d) the linguistic processing level at which they occur, that is, phonology, the lexicon, syntax, or conceptual processes. This exercise suggests that while conceptual processes are relatively non-automatic (as is usually assumed), there is also considerable evidence that syntactic and lexical lower-level processes are not fully automatic. We close by discussing entrenchment as a set of mechanisms underlying automatization.

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Citation

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MLA
Hartsuiker, Robert, and Agnes Moors. “On the Automaticity of Language Processing.” Entrenchment and the Psychology of Language Learning : How We Reorganize and Adapt Linguistic Knowledge, De Gruyter, 2017, pp. 201–26.
APA
Hartsuiker, R., & Moors, A. (2017). On the automaticity of language processing. In Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning : how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge (pp. 201–226). De Gruyter.
Chicago author-date
Hartsuiker, Robert, and Agnes Moors. 2017. “On the Automaticity of Language Processing.” In Entrenchment and the Psychology of Language Learning : How We Reorganize and Adapt Linguistic Knowledge, 201–26. De Gruyter.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hartsuiker, Robert, and Agnes Moors. 2017. “On the Automaticity of Language Processing.” In Entrenchment and the Psychology of Language Learning : How We Reorganize and Adapt Linguistic Knowledge, 201–226. De Gruyter.
Vancouver
1.
Hartsuiker R, Moors A. On the automaticity of language processing. In: Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning : how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge. De Gruyter; 2017. p. 201–26.
IEEE
[1]
R. Hartsuiker and A. Moors, “On the automaticity of language processing,” in Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning : how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge, De Gruyter, 2017, pp. 201–226.
@incollection{7070871,
  abstract     = {People speak and listen to language all the time. Given this high frequency of use, it is often suggested that at least some aspects of language processing are highly overlearned and therefore occur “automatically”. Here we critically examine this suggestion. We first sketch a framework that views automaticity as a set of interrelated features of mental processes and a matter of degree rather than a single feature that is all-or-none. We then apply this framework to language processing. To do so, we carve up the processes involved in language use according to (a) whether language processing takes place in monologue or dialogue, (b) whether the individual is comprehending or producing language, (c) whether the spoken or written modality is used, and (d) the linguistic processing level at which they occur, that is, phonology, the lexicon, syntax, or conceptual processes. This exercise suggests that while conceptual processes are relatively non-automatic (as is usually assumed), there is also considerable evidence that syntactic and lexical lower-level processes are not fully automatic. We close by discussing entrenchment as a set of mechanisms underlying automatization.},
  author       = {Hartsuiker, Robert and Moors, Agnes},
  booktitle    = {Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning : how we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge},
  isbn         = {978-3-11-034142-3},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {201--226},
  publisher    = {De Gruyter},
  series       = {Language and the Human Lifespan},
  title        = {On the automaticity of language processing},
  year         = {2017},
}