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Prevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in commercial poultry, racing pigeons and wild birds in Belgium

Tinne Michiels, Sarah Welby, Mia Vanrobaeys, Christian Quinet, Lieze Rouffaer UGent, Luc Lens UGent, An Martel UGent and Patrick Butaye UGent (2016) AVIAN PATHOLOGY. 45(2). p.244-252
abstract
Mycoplasma gallisepticum is the most important pathogenic avian Mycoplasma species and causes chronic respiratory disease in poultry. In addition, the prevalence of Mycoplasma synoviae is of increasing concern in several EU member states. We investigated the prevalence of M. gallisepticum in commercial poultry (5220 layers, 1224 broilers and 1020 meat turkeys), 56 racing pigeons and 890 wild birds (Order Anseriformes, Galliformes, Pelecaniformes, Accipitriformes, Gruiformes, Charadriiformes, Columbiformes, Strigiformes, Falconiformes and Passeriformes). Broilers and wild birds were also evaluated for M. synoviae. Dependent on the bird lifespan and the nature of the sample, different diagnostic tests were used including the rapid plate agglutination test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, polymerase chain reaction and real-time polymerase chain reaction. A low prevalence of M. gallisepticum was found in both layers (0.9%; 95%CI: 0.7-1.2%) and broilers (2.7%; 95%CI: 1.9-3.8%) possibly due to reduced vertical transmission by breeder farms, which are under official surveillance. None of the samples from turkeys or racing pigeons tested positive. In wild birds, we found five birds were positive (1.7%; 95%CI: 0.7-3.9%): one wood pigeon, two grey herons, one mallard and one Eurasian magpie. For M. synoviae a high prevalence was found in broilers (12.9%: 95%CI: 11.1-14.9%). Four samples collected by hunters gave a positive result for M. synoviae (4%: 95%CI: 1.6-9.8%): one carrion crow and three wood pigeons. In addition 12 house sparrows were found to be positive (3%; 95%CI: 1.7-5.2%). Wild birds probably play a limited role as a reservoir but we cannot exclude a possible impact on transmission of Mycoplasmas.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
real-time PCR, prevalence, ELISA, chickens, Mycoplasma synoviae, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, IN-HOUSE FINCHES, RESPIRATORY-DISEASE, SEROLOGICAL SURVEY, INFECTION, PARTRIDGES, PHEASANTS, PATHOGENS, VIRULENCE, CHICKENS, STRAIN
journal title
AVIAN PATHOLOGY
Avian Pathol.
volume
45
issue
2
pages
244 - 252
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000375003800013
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.596 (2016)
JCR rank
30/136 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
0307-9457
DOI
10.1080/03079457.2016.1145354
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7066279
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7066279
date created
2016-02-02 10:16:34
date last changed
2017-11-06 15:09:46
@article{7066279,
  abstract     = {Mycoplasma gallisepticum is the most important pathogenic avian Mycoplasma species and causes chronic respiratory disease in poultry. In addition, the prevalence of Mycoplasma synoviae is of increasing concern in several EU member states. We investigated the prevalence of M. gallisepticum in commercial poultry (5220 layers, 1224 broilers and 1020 meat turkeys), 56 racing pigeons and 890 wild birds (Order Anseriformes, Galliformes, Pelecaniformes, Accipitriformes, Gruiformes, Charadriiformes, Columbiformes, Strigiformes, Falconiformes and Passeriformes). Broilers and wild birds were also evaluated for M. synoviae. Dependent on the bird lifespan and the nature of the sample, different diagnostic tests were used including the rapid plate agglutination test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, polymerase chain reaction and real-time polymerase chain reaction. A low prevalence of M. gallisepticum was found in both layers (0.9\%; 95\%CI: 0.7-1.2\%) and broilers (2.7\%; 95\%CI: 1.9-3.8\%) possibly due to reduced vertical transmission by breeder farms, which are under official surveillance. None of the samples from turkeys or racing pigeons tested positive. In wild birds, we found five birds were positive (1.7\%; 95\%CI: 0.7-3.9\%): one wood pigeon, two grey herons, one mallard and one Eurasian magpie. For M. synoviae a high prevalence was found in broilers (12.9\%: 95\%CI: 11.1-14.9\%). Four samples collected by hunters gave a positive result for M. synoviae (4\%: 95\%CI: 1.6-9.8\%): one carrion crow and three wood pigeons. In addition 12 house sparrows were found to be positive (3\%; 95\%CI: 1.7-5.2\%). Wild birds probably play a limited role as a reservoir but we cannot exclude a possible impact on transmission of Mycoplasmas.},
  author       = {Michiels, Tinne and Welby, Sarah and Vanrobaeys, Mia and Quinet, Christian and Rouffaer, Lieze and Lens, Luc and Martel, An and Butaye, Patrick},
  issn         = {0307-9457},
  journal      = {AVIAN PATHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {real-time PCR,prevalence,ELISA,chickens,Mycoplasma synoviae,Mycoplasma gallisepticum,IN-HOUSE FINCHES,RESPIRATORY-DISEASE,SEROLOGICAL SURVEY,INFECTION,PARTRIDGES,PHEASANTS,PATHOGENS,VIRULENCE,CHICKENS,STRAIN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {244--252},
  title        = {Prevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in commercial poultry, racing pigeons and wild birds in Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03079457.2016.1145354},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Michiels, Tinne, Sarah Welby, Mia Vanrobaeys, Christian Quinet, Lieze Rouffaer, Luc Lens, An Martel, and Patrick Butaye. 2016. “Prevalence of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum and Mycoplasma Synoviae in Commercial Poultry, Racing Pigeons and Wild Birds in Belgium.” Avian Pathology 45 (2): 244–252.
APA
Michiels, Tinne, Welby, S., Vanrobaeys, M., Quinet, C., Rouffaer, L., Lens, L., Martel, A., et al. (2016). Prevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in commercial poultry, racing pigeons and wild birds in Belgium. AVIAN PATHOLOGY, 45(2), 244–252.
Vancouver
1.
Michiels T, Welby S, Vanrobaeys M, Quinet C, Rouffaer L, Lens L, et al. Prevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in commercial poultry, racing pigeons and wild birds in Belgium. AVIAN PATHOLOGY. 2016;45(2):244–52.
MLA
Michiels, Tinne, Sarah Welby, Mia Vanrobaeys, et al. “Prevalence of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum and Mycoplasma Synoviae in Commercial Poultry, Racing Pigeons and Wild Birds in Belgium.” AVIAN PATHOLOGY 45.2 (2016): 244–252. Print.