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Cow or goat? Population pressure and livestock keeping in Burundi

Sam Desiere (UGent) , Sanctus Niragira (UGent) and Marijke D'Haese (UGent)
(2015) AGREKON. 54(3). p.23-42
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Abstract
Livestock contributes significantly to livelihoods in developing countries. Yet, most academic studies focus on dairy cattle and neglect that many smallholder farmers in mixed-cropping systems prefer goats, sheep, pigs or poultry over cattle. Using a unique dataset from a national representative agricultural survey in Burundi, we estimate the determinants of livestock keeping with a multivariate probit model. We find that wealthier households keep more livestock, but population density and access to markets are also key determinants. Moreover, even the wealthiest households switch from cattle to smaller animals in densely populated regions, where pressure on land is high and access to pastures limited. This has important policy implications since it questions the emphasis of most development programs by NGOs and governments in Sub-Saharan Africa which promote dairy cattle.
Keywords
RWANDA, EASTERN, UGANDA, MARKET, CONFLICT, CHALLENGES, TANZANIA, CATTLE, SYSTEMS, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, Burundi, agricultural policy, smallholders, cattle, livestock

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Desiere, Sam, Sanctus Niragira, and Marijke D’Haese. “Cow or Goat? Population Pressure and Livestock Keeping in Burundi.” AGREKON 54.3 (2015): 23–42. Print.
APA
Desiere, S., Niragira, S., & D’Haese, M. (2015). Cow or goat? Population pressure and livestock keeping in Burundi. AGREKON, 54(3), 23–42.
Chicago author-date
Desiere, Sam, Sanctus Niragira, and Marijke D’Haese. 2015. “Cow or Goat? Population Pressure and Livestock Keeping in Burundi.” Agrekon 54 (3): 23–42.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Desiere, Sam, Sanctus Niragira, and Marijke D’Haese. 2015. “Cow or Goat? Population Pressure and Livestock Keeping in Burundi.” Agrekon 54 (3): 23–42.
Vancouver
1.
Desiere S, Niragira S, D’Haese M. Cow or goat? Population pressure and livestock keeping in Burundi. AGREKON. 2015;54(3):23–42.
IEEE
[1]
S. Desiere, S. Niragira, and M. D’Haese, “Cow or goat? Population pressure and livestock keeping in Burundi,” AGREKON, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 23–42, 2015.
@article{7061804,
  abstract     = {Livestock contributes significantly to livelihoods in developing countries. Yet, most academic studies focus on dairy cattle and neglect that many smallholder farmers in mixed-cropping systems prefer goats, sheep, pigs or poultry over cattle. Using a unique dataset from a national representative agricultural survey in Burundi, we estimate the determinants of livestock keeping with a multivariate probit model. We find that wealthier households keep more livestock, but population density and access to markets are also key determinants. Moreover, even the wealthiest households switch from cattle to smaller animals in densely populated regions, where pressure on land is high and access to pastures limited. This has important policy implications since it questions the emphasis of most development programs by NGOs and governments in Sub-Saharan Africa which promote dairy cattle.},
  author       = {Desiere, Sam and Niragira, Sanctus and D'Haese, Marijke},
  issn         = {0303-1853},
  journal      = {AGREKON},
  keywords     = {RWANDA,EASTERN,UGANDA,MARKET,CONFLICT,CHALLENGES,TANZANIA,CATTLE,SYSTEMS,DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES,Burundi,agricultural policy,smallholders,cattle,livestock},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {23--42},
  title        = {Cow or goat? Population pressure and livestock keeping in Burundi},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2015.1084941},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2015},
}

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