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Benefits of tree mixes in carbon plantings

(2013) NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE. 3(10). p.869-874
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Abstract
Increasingly governments and the private sector are using planted forests to offset carbon emissions. Few studies, however, examine how tree diversity - defined here as species richness and/or stand composition - affects carbon storage in these plantings. Using aboveground tree biomass as a proxy for carbon storage, we used meta-analysis to compare carbon storage in tree mixtures with monoculture plantings. Tree mixes stored at least as much carbon as monocultures consisting of the mixture's most productive species and at times outperformed monoculture plantings. In mixed-species stands, individual species, and in particular nitrogen-fixing trees, increased stand biomass. Further motivations for incorporating tree richness into planted forests include the contribution of diversity to total forest carbon-pool development, carbon-pool stability and the provision of extra ecosystem services. Our findings suggest a two-pronged strategy for designing carbon plantings including: (1) increased tree species richness; and (2) the addition of species that contribute to carbon storage and other target functions.
Keywords
SPECIES RICHNESS, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, EUCALYPTUS-GLOBULUS, PRODUCTIVITY, PLANTATIONS, LAND, FOREST DIVERSITY, WOOD PRODUCTION, ACACIA-MEARNSII, BIODIVERSITY

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Hulvey, Kristin B et al. “Benefits of Tree Mixes in Carbon Plantings.” NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE 3.10 (2013): 869–874. Print.
APA
Hulvey, K. B., Hobbs, R. J., Standish, R. J., Lindenmayer, D. B., Lach, L., & Perring, M. (2013). Benefits of tree mixes in carbon plantings. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, 3(10), 869–874.
Chicago author-date
Hulvey, Kristin B, Richard J Hobbs, Rachel J Standish, David B Lindenmayer, Lori Lach, and Michael Perring. 2013. “Benefits of Tree Mixes in Carbon Plantings.” Nature Climate Change 3 (10): 869–874.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hulvey, Kristin B, Richard J Hobbs, Rachel J Standish, David B Lindenmayer, Lori Lach, and Michael Perring. 2013. “Benefits of Tree Mixes in Carbon Plantings.” Nature Climate Change 3 (10): 869–874.
Vancouver
1.
Hulvey KB, Hobbs RJ, Standish RJ, Lindenmayer DB, Lach L, Perring M. Benefits of tree mixes in carbon plantings. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE. 2013;3(10):869–74.
IEEE
[1]
K. B. Hulvey, R. J. Hobbs, R. J. Standish, D. B. Lindenmayer, L. Lach, and M. Perring, “Benefits of tree mixes in carbon plantings,” NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 869–874, 2013.
@article{7057399,
  abstract     = {Increasingly governments and the private sector are using planted forests to offset carbon emissions. Few studies, however, examine how tree diversity - defined here as species richness and/or stand composition - affects carbon storage in these plantings. Using aboveground tree biomass as a proxy for carbon storage, we used meta-analysis to compare carbon storage in tree mixtures with monoculture plantings. Tree mixes stored at least as much carbon as monocultures consisting of the mixture's most productive species and at times outperformed monoculture plantings. In mixed-species stands, individual species, and in particular nitrogen-fixing trees, increased stand biomass. Further motivations for incorporating tree richness into planted forests include the contribution of diversity to total forest carbon-pool development, carbon-pool stability and the provision of extra ecosystem services. Our findings suggest a two-pronged strategy for designing carbon plantings including: (1) increased tree species richness; and (2) the addition of species that contribute to carbon storage and other target functions.},
  author       = {Hulvey, Kristin B and Hobbs, Richard J and Standish, Rachel J and Lindenmayer, David B and Lach, Lori and Perring, Michael},
  issn         = {1758-678X},
  journal      = {NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE},
  keywords     = {SPECIES RICHNESS,ECOSYSTEM SERVICES,EUCALYPTUS-GLOBULUS,PRODUCTIVITY,PLANTATIONS,LAND,FOREST DIVERSITY,WOOD PRODUCTION,ACACIA-MEARNSII,BIODIVERSITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {869--874},
  title        = {Benefits of tree mixes in carbon plantings},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE1862},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2013},
}

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