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Strategy changes after errors improve performance

Liesbet Van der Borght (UGent) , Charlotte Desmet (UGent) and Wim Notebaert (UGent)
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Abstract
The observation that performance does not improve following errors contradicts the traditional view on error monitoring (Fiehler et al., 2005; Núñez Castellar et al., 2010; Notebaert and Verguts, 2011). However, recent findings suggest that typical laboratory tasks provided us with a narrow window on error monitoring (Jentzsch and Dudschig, 2009; Desmet et al.,2012). In this study we investigated strategy-use after errors in a mental arithmetic task. In line with our hypothesis, this more complex task did show increased performance after errors. More specifically, switching to a different strategy after an error resulted in improved performance, while repeating the same strategy resulted in worse performance. These results show that in more ecological valid tasks, post-error behavioural improvement can be observed.
Keywords
strategy-use, cognitive control, post-error accuracy increase, mental arithmetic, post-error slowing

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Van der Borght, Liesbet, Charlotte Desmet, and Wim Notebaert. 2016. “Strategy Changes After Errors Improve Performance.” Frontiers in Psychology 6.
APA
Van der Borght, L., Desmet, C., & Notebaert, W. (2016). Strategy changes after errors improve performance. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 6.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Borght L, Desmet C, Notebaert W. Strategy changes after errors improve performance. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2016;6.
MLA
Van der Borght, Liesbet, Charlotte Desmet, and Wim Notebaert. “Strategy Changes After Errors Improve Performance.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6 (2016): n. pag. Print.
@article{7053556,
  abstract     = {The observation that performance does not improve following errors contradicts the traditional view on error monitoring (Fiehler et al., 2005; N{\'u}{\~n}ez Castellar et al., 2010; Notebaert and Verguts, 2011). However, recent findings suggest that typical laboratory tasks provided us with a narrow window on error monitoring (Jentzsch and Dudschig, 2009; Desmet et al.,2012). In this study we investigated strategy-use after errors in a mental arithmetic task. In line with our hypothesis, this more complex task did show increased performance after errors. More specifically, switching to a different strategy after an error resulted in improved performance, while repeating the same strategy resulted in worse performance. These results show that in more ecological valid tasks, post-error behavioural improvement can be observed.},
  articleno    = {2051},
  author       = {Van der Borght, Liesbet and Desmet, Charlotte and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {strategy-use,cognitive control,post-error accuracy increase,mental arithmetic,post-error slowing},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Strategy changes after errors improve performance},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02051},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2016},
}

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