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Strategy changes after errors improve performance

Liesbet Van der Borght (UGent) , Charlotte Desmet (UGent) and Wim Notebaert (UGent)
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Abstract
The observation that performance does not improve following errors contradicts the traditional view on error monitoring (Fiehler et al., 2005; Núñez Castellar et al., 2010; Notebaert and Verguts, 2011). However, recent findings suggest that typical laboratory tasks provided us with a narrow window on error monitoring (Jentzsch and Dudschig, 2009; Desmet et al.,2012). In this study we investigated strategy-use after errors in a mental arithmetic task. In line with our hypothesis, this more complex task did show increased performance after errors. More specifically, switching to a different strategy after an error resulted in improved performance, while repeating the same strategy resulted in worse performance. These results show that in more ecological valid tasks, post-error behavioural improvement can be observed.
Keywords
strategy-use, cognitive control, post-error accuracy increase, mental arithmetic, post-error slowing

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van der Borght, Liesbet, Charlotte Desmet, and Wim Notebaert. “Strategy Changes After Errors Improve Performance.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6 (2016): n. pag. Print.
APA
Van der Borght, L., Desmet, C., & Notebaert, W. (2016). Strategy changes after errors improve performance. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 6.
Chicago author-date
Van der Borght, Liesbet, Charlotte Desmet, and Wim Notebaert. 2016. “Strategy Changes After Errors Improve Performance.” Frontiers in Psychology 6.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van der Borght, Liesbet, Charlotte Desmet, and Wim Notebaert. 2016. “Strategy Changes After Errors Improve Performance.” Frontiers in Psychology 6.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Borght L, Desmet C, Notebaert W. Strategy changes after errors improve performance. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2016;6.
IEEE
[1]
L. Van der Borght, C. Desmet, and W. Notebaert, “Strategy changes after errors improve performance,” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 6, 2016.
@article{7053556,
  abstract     = {The observation that performance does not improve following errors contradicts the traditional view on error monitoring (Fiehler et al., 2005; Núñez Castellar et al., 2010; Notebaert and Verguts, 2011). However, recent findings suggest that typical laboratory tasks provided us with a narrow window on error monitoring (Jentzsch and Dudschig, 2009; Desmet et al.,2012). In this study we investigated strategy-use after errors in a mental arithmetic task. In line with our hypothesis, this more complex task did show increased performance after errors. More specifically, switching to a different strategy after an error resulted in improved performance, while repeating the same strategy resulted in worse performance. These results show that in more ecological valid tasks, post-error behavioural improvement can be observed.},
  articleno    = {2051},
  author       = {Van der Borght, Liesbet and Desmet, Charlotte and Notebaert, Wim},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {strategy-use,cognitive control,post-error accuracy increase,mental arithmetic,post-error slowing},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Strategy changes after errors improve performance},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02051},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2016},
}

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