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Managing a cluster outbreak of psittacosis in Belgium linked to a pet shop visit in The Netherlands

(2016) EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION. 144(8). p.1710-1716
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Abstract
n July 2013, a Belgian couple were admitted to hospital because of pneumonia. Medical history revealed contact with birds. Eleven days earlier, they had purchased a lovebird in a pet shop in The Netherlands. The bird became ill, with respiratory symptoms. The couple's daughter who accompanied them to the pet shop, reported similar symptoms, but was travelling abroad. On the suspicion of psittacosis, pharyngeal swabs from the couple were taken and sent to the Belgian reference laboratory for psittacosis. Culture and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were positive for the presence of Chlamydia psittaci, and ompA genotyping indicated genotype A in both patients. The patients were treated with doxycycline and the daughter started quinolone therapy; all three recovered promptly. Psittacosis is a notifiable disease in Belgium and therefore local healthcare authorities were informed. They contacted their Dutch colleagues, who visited the pet shop. Seven pooled faecal samples were taken and analysed using PCR by the Dutch national reference laboratory for notifiable animal diseases for the presence of Chlamydia psittaci. Four (57%) samples tested positive, genotyping revealed genotype A. Enquiring about exposure to pet birds is essential when patients present with pneumonia. Reporting to health authorities, even across borders, is warranted to prevent further spread.
Keywords
Chlamydia psittaci, outbreak, psittacosis, zoonoses, REAL-TIME PCR, CHLAMYDOPHILA-PSITTACI, TRANSMISSION, SPECIMENS, TURKEYS, BIRDS

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Citation

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Chicago
De Boeck, Cindy, Chantal Dehollogne, Annelien Dumont, Marcel Spierenburg, Marloes Heijne, Inge Gyssens, Jeroen Van Der Hilst, and Daisy Vanrompay. 2016. “Managing a Cluster Outbreak of Psittacosis in Belgium Linked to a Pet Shop Visit in The Netherlands.” Epidemiology and Infection 144 (8): 1710–1716.
APA
De Boeck, Cindy, Dehollogne, C., Dumont, A., Spierenburg, M., Heijne, M., Gyssens, I., Van Der Hilst, J., et al. (2016). Managing a cluster outbreak of psittacosis in Belgium linked to a pet shop visit in The Netherlands. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION, 144(8), 1710–1716.
Vancouver
1.
De Boeck C, Dehollogne C, Dumont A, Spierenburg M, Heijne M, Gyssens I, et al. Managing a cluster outbreak of psittacosis in Belgium linked to a pet shop visit in The Netherlands. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION. 2016;144(8):1710–6.
MLA
De Boeck, Cindy, Chantal Dehollogne, Annelien Dumont, et al. “Managing a Cluster Outbreak of Psittacosis in Belgium Linked to a Pet Shop Visit in The Netherlands.” EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION 144.8 (2016): 1710–1716. Print.
@article{7044420,
  abstract     = {n July 2013, a Belgian couple were admitted to hospital because of pneumonia. Medical history revealed contact with birds. Eleven days earlier, they had purchased a lovebird in a pet shop in The Netherlands. The bird became ill, with respiratory symptoms. The couple's daughter who accompanied them to the pet shop, reported similar symptoms, but was travelling abroad. On the suspicion of psittacosis, pharyngeal swabs from the couple were taken and sent to the Belgian reference laboratory for psittacosis. Culture and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were positive for the presence of Chlamydia psittaci, and ompA genotyping indicated genotype A in both patients. The patients were treated with doxycycline and the daughter started quinolone therapy; all three recovered promptly. Psittacosis is a notifiable disease in Belgium and therefore local healthcare authorities were informed. They contacted their Dutch colleagues, who visited the pet shop. Seven pooled faecal samples were taken and analysed using PCR by the Dutch national reference laboratory for notifiable animal diseases for the presence of Chlamydia psittaci. Four (57\%) samples tested positive, genotyping revealed genotype A. Enquiring about exposure to pet birds is essential when patients present with pneumonia. Reporting to health authorities, even across borders, is warranted to prevent further spread.},
  author       = {De Boeck, Cindy and Dehollogne, Chantal and Dumont, Annelien and Spierenburg, Marcel and Heijne, Marloes and Gyssens, Inge and Van Der Hilst, Jeroen and Vanrompay, Daisy},
  issn         = {0950-2688},
  journal      = {EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION},
  keyword      = {Chlamydia psittaci,outbreak,psittacosis,zoonoses,REAL-TIME PCR,CHLAMYDOPHILA-PSITTACI,TRANSMISSION,SPECIMENS,TURKEYS,BIRDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1710--1716},
  title        = {Managing a cluster outbreak of psittacosis in Belgium linked to a pet shop visit in The Netherlands},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268815003106},
  volume       = {144},
  year         = {2016},
}

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