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Libertus, collegiatus, pistor en coniunx: de meervoudige identiteit van Romeinse vrijgelatenen

Kristof Vermote (UGent)
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Abstract
This contribution shows that status and status-distinctions were key concerns of the Roman elite in their interactions with freedmen, both in praising and in rebuking them. After a short discourse analysis of Cicero's letters of recommendation for freedmen, it argues that such an emphasis on the inferior status of freedmen is often mistakenly generalized by too strong a focus on the one-sided literary evidence, and that this preoccupation is not shared by ex-slaves themselves. By integrating social theory as a conceptual framework and inscriptions as alternative source material, I argue that among freedmen other identity dimensions (than status) prevailed and that elite stereotypes had much less of an impact on the daily life of Roman freedmen than the literary, elite sources suggest.
Keywords
Roman freedmen, recommendation letters, multiple identity

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Chicago
Vermote, Kristof. 2014. “Libertus, Collegiatus, Pistor En Coniunx: De Meervoudige Identiteit Van Romeinse Vrijgelatenen.” Ed. Roxane Vandenberghe. Handelingen : Koninklijke Zuid-nederlandse Maatschappij Voor Taal- En Letterkunde En Geschiedenis 67: 113–130.
APA
Vermote, Kristof. (2014). Libertus, collegiatus, pistor en coniunx: de meervoudige identiteit van Romeinse vrijgelatenen. (Roxane Vandenberghe, Ed.)HANDELINGEN : KONINKLIJKE ZUID-NEDERLANDSE MAATSCHAPPIJ VOOR TAAL- EN LETTERKUNDE EN GESCHIEDENIS, 67, 113–130.
Vancouver
1.
Vermote K. Libertus, collegiatus, pistor en coniunx: de meervoudige identiteit van Romeinse vrijgelatenen. Vandenberghe R, editor. HANDELINGEN : KONINKLIJKE ZUID-NEDERLANDSE MAATSCHAPPIJ VOOR TAAL- EN LETTERKUNDE EN GESCHIEDENIS. Gent: Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Taal- en Letterkunde en Geschiedenis; 2014;67:113–30.
MLA
Vermote, Kristof. “Libertus, Collegiatus, Pistor En Coniunx: De Meervoudige Identiteit Van Romeinse Vrijgelatenen.” Ed. Roxane Vandenberghe. HANDELINGEN : KONINKLIJKE ZUID-NEDERLANDSE MAATSCHAPPIJ VOOR TAAL- EN LETTERKUNDE EN GESCHIEDENIS 67 (2014): 113–130. Print.
@article{7039585,
  abstract     = {This contribution shows that status and status-distinctions were key concerns of the Roman elite in their interactions with freedmen, both in praising and in rebuking them. After a short discourse analysis of Cicero's letters of recommendation for freedmen, it argues that such an emphasis on the inferior status of freedmen is often mistakenly generalized by too strong a focus on the one-sided literary evidence, and that this preoccupation is not shared by ex-slaves themselves. By integrating social theory as a conceptual framework and inscriptions as alternative source material, I argue that among freedmen other identity dimensions (than status) prevailed and that elite stereotypes had much less of an impact on the daily life of Roman freedmen than the literary, elite sources suggest.},
  author       = {Vermote, Kristof},
  editor       = {Vandenberghe, Roxane},
  issn         = {0774-3254},
  journal      = {HANDELINGEN : KONINKLIJKE ZUID-NEDERLANDSE MAATSCHAPPIJ VOOR TAAL- EN LETTERKUNDE EN GESCHIEDENIS},
  keyword      = {Roman freedmen,recommendation letters,multiple identity},
  language     = {dut},
  pages        = {113--130},
  publisher    = {Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Taal- en Letterkunde en Geschiedenis},
  title        = {Libertus, collegiatus, pistor en coniunx: de meervoudige identiteit van Romeinse vrijgelatenen},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2014},
}