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Diagnositic value of pelvic enthesitis on MRI of the sacroiliac joints in enthesitis related arthritis

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Abstract
Background: To determine the prevalence and diagnostic value of pelvic enthesitis on MRI of the sacroiliac (SI) joints in enthesitis related arthritis (ERA). Methods: We retrospectively studied 143 patients aged 6-18 years old who underwent MRI of the SI joints for clinically suspected sacroiliitis between 2006-2014. Patients were diagnosed with ERA according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) criteria. All MRI studies were reassessed for the presence of pelvic enthesitis, which was correlated to the presence of sacroiliitis on MRI and to the final clinical diagnosis. The added value for detection of pelvic enthesitis and fulfilment of criteria for the diagnosis of ERA was studied. Results: Pelvic enthesitis was seen in 23 of 143 (16 %) patients. The most commonly affected sites were the entheses around the hip (35 % of affected entheses) and the retroarticular interosseous ligaments (32 % of affected entheses). MRI showed pelvic enthesitis in 21 % of patients with ERA and in 13 % of patients without ERA. Pelvic enthesitis was seen on MRI in 7/51 (14 %) patients with clinically evident enthesitis, and 16/92 (17 %) patients without clinically evident enthesitis. In 7 of 11 ERA-negative patients without clinical enthesitis but with pelvic enthesitis on MRI, the ILAR criteria could have been fulfilled, if pelvic enthesitis on MRI was included in the criteria. There is a high correlation between pelvic enthesitis and sacroiliitis, with sacroiliitis present in 17/23 (74 %) patients with pelvic enthesitis. Conclusions: Pelvic enthesitis may be present in children with or without clinically evident peripheral enthesitis. There is a high correlation between pelvic enthesitis and sacroiliitis on MRI of the sacroiliac joints in children. As pelvic enthesitis indicates active inflammation, it may play a role in assessment of the inflammatory status. Therefore, it should be carefully sought and noted by radiologists examining MRI of the sacroiliac joints in children.
Keywords
Enthesitis, Pelvic, MRI, Enthesitis-related arthritis, Sacroiliitis, JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS, ANKYLOSING-SPONDYLITIS, SPONDYLOARTHRITIS, ULTRASONOGRAPHY, CLASSIFICATION, ENTHESOPATHY, CHILDHOOD

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Chicago
Herregods, Nele, Jo Dehoorne, EVA PATTYN, J. L. Jaremko, X. Baraliakos, Dirk Elewaut, J Van Vlaenderen, et al. 2015. “Diagnositic Value of Pelvic Enthesitis on MRI of the Sacroiliac Joints in Enthesitis Related Arthritis.” Pediatric Rheumatology 13.
APA
Herregods, N., Dehoorne, J., PATTYN, E., Jaremko, J. L., Baraliakos, X., Elewaut, D., Van Vlaenderen, J., et al. (2015). Diagnositic value of pelvic enthesitis on MRI of the sacroiliac joints in enthesitis related arthritis. PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY, 13.
Vancouver
1.
Herregods N, Dehoorne J, PATTYN E, Jaremko JL, Baraliakos X, Elewaut D, et al. Diagnositic value of pelvic enthesitis on MRI of the sacroiliac joints in enthesitis related arthritis. PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY. 2015;13.
MLA
Herregods, Nele, Jo Dehoorne, EVA PATTYN, et al. “Diagnositic Value of Pelvic Enthesitis on MRI of the Sacroiliac Joints in Enthesitis Related Arthritis.” PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY 13 (2015): n. pag. Print.
@article{7032792,
  abstract     = {Background: To determine the prevalence and diagnostic value of pelvic enthesitis on MRI of the sacroiliac (SI) joints in enthesitis related arthritis (ERA). 
Methods: We retrospectively studied 143 patients aged 6-18 years old who underwent MRI of the SI joints for clinically suspected sacroiliitis between 2006-2014. Patients were diagnosed with ERA according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) criteria. All MRI studies were reassessed for the presence of pelvic enthesitis, which was correlated to the presence of sacroiliitis on MRI and to the final clinical diagnosis. The added value for detection of pelvic enthesitis and fulfilment of criteria for the diagnosis of ERA was studied. 
Results: Pelvic enthesitis was seen in 23 of 143 (16 \%) patients. The most commonly affected sites were the entheses around the hip (35 \% of affected entheses) and the retroarticular interosseous ligaments (32 \% of affected entheses). MRI showed pelvic enthesitis in 21 \% of patients with ERA and in 13 \% of patients without ERA. Pelvic enthesitis was seen on MRI in 7/51 (14 \%) patients with clinically evident enthesitis, and 16/92 (17 \%) patients without clinically evident enthesitis. In 7 of 11 ERA-negative patients without clinical enthesitis but with pelvic enthesitis on MRI, the ILAR criteria could have been fulfilled, if pelvic enthesitis on MRI was included in the criteria. 
There is a high correlation between pelvic enthesitis and sacroiliitis, with sacroiliitis present in 17/23 (74 \%) patients with pelvic enthesitis. 
Conclusions: Pelvic enthesitis may be present in children with or without clinically evident peripheral enthesitis. There is a high correlation between pelvic enthesitis and sacroiliitis on MRI of the sacroiliac joints in children. As pelvic enthesitis indicates active inflammation, it may play a role in assessment of the inflammatory status. Therefore, it should be carefully sought and noted by radiologists examining MRI of the sacroiliac joints in children.},
  articleno    = {46},
  author       = {Herregods, Nele and Dehoorne, Jo and PATTYN, EVA and Jaremko, J. L. and Baraliakos, X. and Elewaut, Dirk and Van Vlaenderen, J and Van den Bosch, Filip and Joos, R and Verstraete, Koenraad and Jans, Lennart},
  issn         = {1546-0096},
  journal      = {PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Diagnositic value of pelvic enthesitis on MRI of the sacroiliac joints in enthesitis related arthritis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12969-015-0045-5},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2015},
}

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