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Promoting health equity in European children : design and methodology of the prospective EPHE (Epode for the Promotion of Health Equity) evaluation study

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Abstract
Background: Reducing health inequalities is a top priority of the public health agendas in Europe. The EPHE project aims to analyse the added value of a community-based interventional programme based on EPODE methodology, adapted for the reduction of socio-economic inequalities in childhood obesity. The interventions that will be implemented by this project focus on four energy balance-related behaviours (fruit and vegetable consumption, tap water intake, physical inactivity, sleep duration) and their determinants. This article presents the design of the effect evaluation of the EPHE project. Methods/Design: This is a prospective two-year follow-up evaluation study, which will collect data on the energy balance-related behaviours and potential environmental determinants of 6-8 year olds, depending on the socioeconomic status of the parents. For this purpose a parental self-reported questionnaire is constructed. This assesses the socio-economic status of the parents (5 items) and the dietary (12 items), sedentary (2 items) and sleeping (4 items) behaviour of the child. Alongside potential family-environmental determinants are assessed. The EPHE parental questionnaire will be disseminated in schools of a selected medium-sized city in seven European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Greece, Portugal, Romania, The Netherlands). Discussion: This study will evaluate the effects of the EPHE community-based interventional programmes. Furthermore, it will provide evidence for children's specific energy balance-related behaviours and family environmental determinants related to socio-economic inequalities, in seven European countries.
Keywords
Childhood obesity, Health inequalities, EPODE, Dietary intake, Sedentary lifestyle, Sleep, BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS, CHILDHOOD OBESITY, VEGETABLE INTAKE, ENERGY-PROJECT, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, WEIGHT-GAIN, INEQUALITIES, FRUIT, DETERMINANTS, SCHOOLCHILDREN

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Chicago
Mantziki, Krystallia, Achilleas Vassilopoulos, Gabriella Radulian, Jean-Michel Borys, Hugues du Plessis, Maria João Gregório, Pedro Graça, et al. 2014. “Promoting Health Equity in European Children : Design and Methodology of the Prospective EPHE (Epode for the Promotion of Health Equity) Evaluation Study.” Bmc Public Health 14.
APA
Mantziki, K., Vassilopoulos, A., Radulian, G., Borys, J.-M., du Plessis, H., Gregório, M. J., Graça, P., et al. (2014). Promoting health equity in European children : design and methodology of the prospective EPHE (Epode for the Promotion of Health Equity) evaluation study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 14.
Vancouver
1.
Mantziki K, Vassilopoulos A, Radulian G, Borys J-M, du Plessis H, Gregório MJ, et al. Promoting health equity in European children : design and methodology of the prospective EPHE (Epode for the Promotion of Health Equity) evaluation study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 2014;14.
MLA
Mantziki, Krystallia, Achilleas Vassilopoulos, Gabriella Radulian, et al. “Promoting Health Equity in European Children : Design and Methodology of the Prospective EPHE (Epode for the Promotion of Health Equity) Evaluation Study.” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 14 (2014): n. pag. Print.
@article{7030407,
  abstract     = {Background: Reducing health inequalities is a top priority of the public health agendas in Europe. The EPHE project aims to analyse the added value of a community-based interventional programme based on EPODE methodology, adapted for the reduction of socio-economic inequalities in childhood obesity. The interventions that will be implemented by this project focus on four energy balance-related behaviours (fruit and vegetable consumption, tap water intake, physical inactivity, sleep duration) and their determinants. This article presents the design of the effect evaluation of the EPHE project. 
Methods/Design: This is a prospective two-year follow-up evaluation study, which will collect data on the energy balance-related behaviours and potential environmental determinants of 6-8 year olds, depending on the socioeconomic status of the parents. For this purpose a parental self-reported questionnaire is constructed. This assesses the socio-economic status of the parents (5 items) and the dietary (12 items), sedentary (2 items) and sleeping (4 items) behaviour of the child. Alongside potential family-environmental determinants are assessed. The EPHE parental questionnaire will be disseminated in schools of a selected medium-sized city in seven European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Greece, Portugal, Romania, The Netherlands). 
Discussion: This study will evaluate the effects of the EPHE community-based interventional programmes. Furthermore, it will provide evidence for children's specific energy balance-related behaviours and family environmental determinants related to socio-economic inequalities, in seven European countries.},
  articleno    = {303},
  author       = {Mantziki, Krystallia and Vassilopoulos, Achilleas and Radulian, Gabriella and Borys, Jean-Michel and du Plessis, Hugues and Greg{\'o}rio, Maria Jo{\~a}o and Gra\c{c}a, Pedro and De Henauw, Stefaan and Handjiev, Svetoslav and Visscher, Tommy LS and Seidell, Jacob C},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Promoting health equity in European children : design and methodology of the prospective EPHE (Epode for the Promotion of Health Equity) evaluation study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-303},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2014},
}

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