Advanced search
1 file | 95.92 KB Add to list

Sex differences in patients with chronic pain following whiplash injury : the role of depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits

(2015) PAIN PRACTICE. 15(8). p.757-764
Author
Organization
Abstract
Background: Chronic whiplash-associated disorders (chronic WAD) cover a large variety of clinical manifestations that can occur after a whiplash injury. Women have an increased risk of developing chronic WAD, and it is suggested that psychosocial factors are related to long-term pain and functioning following whiplash injury and persistence of chronic pain. This leads to the question whether there are sex differences in psychosocial factors in chronic WAD. Methods: This study included 117 subjects who had experienced a whiplash injury at least 3months before the start of the study (mean duration of pain: 67.2963.86months, range: 297months). They were selected as chronically symptomatic, by excluding those who had recovered from their whiplash injury. Psychosocial aspects (including depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits) were assessed by validated questionnaires, and sex differences were tested using a univariate analysis of variance (ANCOVA), with age and time from whiplash injury as covariates. Results: No differences in depression, fear, somatization, discrepancy in social support personality trait, Neck Disability Index scores, physical functioning, bodily pain, or general health were present between women and men with chronic WAD. Women with chronic WAD reported higher levels of emotional support in problem situations and social companionship. Conclusion: Except for emotional support in problem situations and social companionship, psychosocial factors do not differ between men and women with chronic WAD. These findings imply little to no risk for sex bias in studies investigating psychosocial issues in patients with chronic WAD.
Keywords
whiplash-associated disorders, sex differences, psychosocial factors, chronic neck pain, biopsychosocial factors, social support, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, NECK-DISABILITY-INDEX, CRASH-RELATED FACTORS, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, TEMPORAL SUMMATION, PROGNOSTIC-FACTORS, RISK-FACTORS, ANXIETY, METAANALYSIS, EXPERIENCE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 95.92 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Malfliet, Anneleen, Margot De Kooning, Els Inghelbrecht, et al. “Sex Differences in Patients with Chronic Pain Following Whiplash Injury : the Role of Depression, Fear, Somatization, Social Support, and Personality Traits.” PAIN PRACTICE 15.8 (2015): 757–764. Print.
APA
Malfliet, Anneleen, De Kooning, M., Inghelbrecht, E., Hachimi Idrissi, S., Willems, B., Bernheim, J., & Nijs, J. (2015). Sex differences in patients with chronic pain following whiplash injury : the role of depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits. PAIN PRACTICE, 15(8), 757–764.
Chicago author-date
Malfliet, Anneleen, Margot De Kooning, Els Inghelbrecht, Saïd Hachimi Idrissi, Bert Willems, Jean Bernheim, and Jo Nijs. 2015. “Sex Differences in Patients with Chronic Pain Following Whiplash Injury : the Role of Depression, Fear, Somatization, Social Support, and Personality Traits.” Pain Practice 15 (8): 757–764.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Malfliet, Anneleen, Margot De Kooning, Els Inghelbrecht, Saïd Hachimi Idrissi, Bert Willems, Jean Bernheim, and Jo Nijs. 2015. “Sex Differences in Patients with Chronic Pain Following Whiplash Injury : the Role of Depression, Fear, Somatization, Social Support, and Personality Traits.” Pain Practice 15 (8): 757–764.
Vancouver
1.
Malfliet A, De Kooning M, Inghelbrecht E, Hachimi Idrissi S, Willems B, Bernheim J, et al. Sex differences in patients with chronic pain following whiplash injury : the role of depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits. PAIN PRACTICE. 2015;15(8):757–64.
IEEE
[1]
A. Malfliet et al., “Sex differences in patients with chronic pain following whiplash injury : the role of depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits,” PAIN PRACTICE, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 757–764, 2015.
@article{7029550,
  abstract     = {Background: Chronic whiplash-associated disorders (chronic WAD) cover a large variety of clinical manifestations that can occur after a whiplash injury. Women have an increased risk of developing chronic WAD, and it is suggested that psychosocial factors are related to long-term pain and functioning following whiplash injury and persistence of chronic pain. This leads to the question whether there are sex differences in psychosocial factors in chronic WAD. 
Methods: This study included 117 subjects who had experienced a whiplash injury at least 3months before the start of the study (mean duration of pain: 67.2963.86months, range: 297months). They were selected as chronically symptomatic, by excluding those who had recovered from their whiplash injury. Psychosocial aspects (including depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits) were assessed by validated questionnaires, and sex differences were tested using a univariate analysis of variance (ANCOVA), with age and time from whiplash injury as covariates. 
Results: No differences in depression, fear, somatization, discrepancy in social support personality trait, Neck Disability Index scores, physical functioning, bodily pain, or general health were present between women and men with chronic WAD. Women with chronic WAD reported higher levels of emotional support in problem situations and social companionship. 
Conclusion: Except for emotional support in problem situations and social companionship, psychosocial factors do not differ between men and women with chronic WAD. These findings imply little to no risk for sex bias in studies investigating psychosocial issues in patients with chronic WAD.},
  author       = {Malfliet, Anneleen and De Kooning, Margot and Inghelbrecht, Els and Hachimi Idrissi, Saïd and Willems, Bert and Bernheim, Jean and Nijs, Jo},
  issn         = {1530-7085},
  journal      = {PAIN PRACTICE},
  keywords     = {whiplash-associated disorders,sex differences,psychosocial factors,chronic neck pain,biopsychosocial factors,social support,QUALITY-OF-LIFE,NECK-DISABILITY-INDEX,CRASH-RELATED FACTORS,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,TEMPORAL SUMMATION,PROGNOSTIC-FACTORS,RISK-FACTORS,ANXIETY,METAANALYSIS,EXPERIENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {757--764},
  title        = {Sex differences in patients with chronic pain following whiplash injury : the role of depression, fear, somatization, social support, and personality traits},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papr.12244},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2015},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: