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World Health Organization global estimates and regional comparisons of the burden of foodborne disease in 2010

(2015) PLOS MEDICINE. 12(12).
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Abstract
Illness and death from diseases caused by contaminated food are a constant threat to public health and a significant impediment to socio-economic development worldwide. To measure the global and regional burden of foodborne disease (FBD), the World Health Organization (WHO) established the Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG), which here reports their first estimates of the incidence, mortality, and disease burden due to 31 foodborne hazards. We find that the global burden of FBD is comparable to those of the major infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. The most frequent causes of foodborne illness were diarrheal disease agents, particularly norovirus and Campylobacter spp. Diarrheal disease agents, especially non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica, were also responsible for the majority of deaths due to FBD. Other major causes of FBD deaths were Salmonella Typhi, Taenia solium and hepatitis A virus. The global burden of FBD caused by the 31 hazards in 2010 was 33 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs); children under five years old bore 40% of this burden. The 14 subregions, defined on the basis of child and adult mortality, had considerably different burdens of FBD, with the greatest falling on the subregions in Africa, followed by the subregions in South-East Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean D subregion. Some hazards, such as non-typhoidal S. enterica, were important causes of FBD in all regions of the world, whereas others, such as certain parasitic helminths, were highly localised. Thus, the burden of FBD is borne particularly by children under five years old-although they represent only 9% of the global population-and people living in low-income regions of the world. These estimates are conservative, i.e., underestimates rather than overestimates; further studies are needed to address the data gaps and limitations of the study. Nevertheless, all stakeholders can contribute to improvements in food safety throughout the food chain by incorporating these estimates into policy development at national and international levels.
Keywords
UNSPECIFIED AGENTS, UNITED-STATES, RISK-FACTORS, ILLNESS, DISABILITY, PATHOGENS

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Havelaar, Arie H et al. “World Health Organization Global Estimates and Regional Comparisons of the Burden of Foodborne Disease in 2010.” PLOS MEDICINE 12.12 (2015): n. pag. Print.
APA
Havelaar, A. H., Kirk, M. D., Torgerson, P. R., Gibb, H. J., Hald, T., Lake, R. J., Praet, N., et al. (2015). World Health Organization global estimates and regional comparisons of the burden of foodborne disease in 2010. PLOS MEDICINE, 12(12).
Chicago author-date
Havelaar, Arie H, Martyn D Kirk, Paul R Torgerson, Herman J Gibb, Tine Hald, Robin J Lake, Nicolas Praet, et al. 2015. “World Health Organization Global Estimates and Regional Comparisons of the Burden of Foodborne Disease in 2010.” Plos Medicine 12 (12).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Havelaar, Arie H, Martyn D Kirk, Paul R Torgerson, Herman J Gibb, Tine Hald, Robin J Lake, Nicolas Praet, David C Bellinger, Nilanthi R de Silva, Neyla Gargouri, Niko Speybroeck, Amy Cawthorne, Colin Mathers, Claudia Stein, Frederick J Angulo, and Brecht Devleesschauwer. 2015. “World Health Organization Global Estimates and Regional Comparisons of the Burden of Foodborne Disease in 2010.” Plos Medicine 12 (12).
Vancouver
1.
Havelaar AH, Kirk MD, Torgerson PR, Gibb HJ, Hald T, Lake RJ, et al. World Health Organization global estimates and regional comparisons of the burden of foodborne disease in 2010. PLOS MEDICINE. 2015;12(12).
IEEE
[1]
A. H. Havelaar et al., “World Health Organization global estimates and regional comparisons of the burden of foodborne disease in 2010,” PLOS MEDICINE, vol. 12, no. 12, 2015.
@article{7023350,
  abstract     = {Illness and death from diseases caused by contaminated food are a constant threat to public health and a significant impediment to socio-economic development worldwide. To measure the global and regional burden of foodborne disease (FBD), the World Health Organization (WHO) established the Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG), which here reports their first estimates of the incidence, mortality, and disease burden due to 31 foodborne hazards. We find that the global burden of FBD is comparable to those of the major infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. The most frequent causes of foodborne illness were diarrheal disease agents, particularly norovirus and Campylobacter spp. Diarrheal disease agents, especially non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica, were also responsible for the majority of deaths due to FBD. Other major causes of FBD deaths were Salmonella Typhi, Taenia solium and hepatitis A virus. The global burden of FBD caused by the 31 hazards in 2010 was 33 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs); children under five years old bore 40% of this burden. The 14 subregions, defined on the basis of child and adult mortality, had considerably different burdens of FBD, with the greatest falling on the subregions in Africa, followed by the subregions in South-East Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean D subregion. Some hazards, such as non-typhoidal S. enterica, were important causes of FBD in all regions of the world, whereas others, such as certain parasitic helminths, were highly localised. Thus, the burden of FBD is borne particularly by children under five years old-although they represent only 9% of the global population-and people living in low-income regions of the world. These estimates are conservative, i.e., underestimates rather than overestimates; further studies are needed to address the data gaps and limitations of the study. Nevertheless, all stakeholders can contribute to improvements in food safety throughout the food chain by incorporating these estimates into policy development at national and international levels.},
  articleno    = {e1001923},
  author       = {Havelaar, Arie H and Kirk, Martyn D and Torgerson, Paul R and Gibb, Herman J and Hald, Tine and Lake, Robin J and Praet, Nicolas and Bellinger, David C and de Silva, Nilanthi R and Gargouri, Neyla and Speybroeck, Niko and Cawthorne, Amy and Mathers, Colin and Stein, Claudia and Angulo, Frederick J and Devleesschauwer, Brecht},
  issn         = {1549-1676},
  journal      = {PLOS MEDICINE},
  keywords     = {UNSPECIFIED AGENTS,UNITED-STATES,RISK-FACTORS,ILLNESS,DISABILITY,PATHOGENS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {23},
  title        = {World Health Organization global estimates and regional comparisons of the burden of foodborne disease in 2010},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001923},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2015},
}

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