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Memory training in depression

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Abstract
Memory biases, that is, general memory impairments as well as specific mood-congruent memory biases, are important vulnerability factors in depression. Recently, computerized memory trainings have been developed to target these biases, reducing rumination and lightening depressive symptoms. This review presents three novel treatment approaches: general memory training, emotional memory training, and attention or interpretation training targeting memory processes. Results are mixed, but the computerized memory trainings that target general deficits in memory or specific emotional biases seem to be an interesting new treatment option, especially as add-ons to other interventions. However, many open questions remain. These include the mechanisms of these trainings as well as more practical aspects like the optimal number of sessions, the duration of the effects, and individual differences in trainability.
Keywords
VULNERABILITY, HYPOTHESIS, SUBCLINICAL DEPRESSION, WORKING-MEMORY, COGNITIVE BIAS MODIFICATION, EMOTIONAL INFORMATION, DYSPHORIA, CONTROLLED-TRIAL, OLDER-ADULTS, ATTENTION BIAS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Becker, Eni S., et al. “Memory Training in Depression.” CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 4, 2015, pp. 48–52, doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.004.
APA
Becker, E. S., Vanderhasselt, M.-A., & Vrijsen, J. N. (2015). Memory training in depression. CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4, 48–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.004
Chicago author-date
Becker, Eni S., Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, and Janna N. Vrijsen. 2015. “Memory Training in Depression.” CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY 4: 48–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.004.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Becker, Eni S., Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, and Janna N. Vrijsen. 2015. “Memory Training in Depression.” CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY 4: 48–52. doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.004.
Vancouver
1.
Becker ES, Vanderhasselt M-A, Vrijsen JN. Memory training in depression. CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2015;4:48–52.
IEEE
[1]
E. S. Becker, M.-A. Vanderhasselt, and J. N. Vrijsen, “Memory training in depression,” CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 4, pp. 48–52, 2015.
@article{7022093,
  abstract     = {Memory biases, that is, general memory impairments as well as specific mood-congruent memory biases, are important vulnerability factors in depression. Recently, computerized memory trainings have been developed to target these biases, reducing rumination and lightening depressive symptoms. This review presents three novel treatment approaches: general memory training, emotional memory training, and attention or interpretation training targeting memory processes. Results are mixed, but the computerized memory trainings that target general deficits in memory or specific emotional biases seem to be an interesting new treatment option, especially as add-ons to other interventions. However, many open questions remain. These include the mechanisms of these trainings as well as more practical aspects like the optimal number of sessions, the duration of the effects, and individual differences in trainability.},
  author       = {Becker, Eni S. and Vanderhasselt, Marie-Anne and Vrijsen, Janna N.},
  issn         = {2352-250X},
  journal      = {CURRENT OPINION IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {VULNERABILITY,HYPOTHESIS,SUBCLINICAL DEPRESSION,WORKING-MEMORY,COGNITIVE BIAS MODIFICATION,EMOTIONAL INFORMATION,DYSPHORIA,CONTROLLED-TRIAL,OLDER-ADULTS,ATTENTION BIAS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {48--52},
  title        = {Memory training in depression},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.004},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2015},
}

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