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Conflict and insecurity : a sociological perspective on perceptions of insecurity in conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo

Koen Van der Bracht (UGent) , Hélène Flaam (UGent) , Koen Vlassenroot (UGent) and Bart Van de Putte (UGent)
(2017) CURRENT SOCIOLOGY. 65(3). p.336-355
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Abstract
In this paper, we focus on insecurity perceptions in conflict-affected areas. We apply sociological theories on the determinants of perceived security risks and test hypotheses concerning theories on social and physical vulnerability, social disorder and social integration in the area where the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has operated. We use data from a survey conducted in 2013 in the territory of Faradje (Haut-Uele) and apply multilevel models to 443 individuals living within 21 different villages and internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. The results indicate that insecurity perceptions and fear for attacks are still widespread, causing individuals to adapt their behaviour and IDPs to refrain from returning home. These concerns are unaffected by social and physical vulnerabilities. We do find a positive significant effect of the presence of IDPs in the villages and IDP camps on insecurity perceptions. This suggests possible effects of social disorder and a lack of social integration due to the arrival of IDPs in the area. Although improving the security situation itself is an important factor, this paper shows that addressing insecurity perceptions might be an important factor as well.
Keywords
Internally displaced persons, Multilevel analyses., Conflict, Insecurity perceptions, Social integration, Vulnerability, Social disorder

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Chicago
Van der Bracht, Koen, Hélène Flaam, Koen Vlassenroot, and Bart Van de Putte. 2017. “Conflict and Insecurity : a Sociological Perspective on Perceptions of Insecurity in Conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo.” Current Sociology 65 (3): 336–355.
APA
Van der Bracht, K., Flaam, H., Vlassenroot, K., & Van de Putte, B. (2017). Conflict and insecurity : a sociological perspective on perceptions of insecurity in conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo. CURRENT SOCIOLOGY, 65(3), 336–355.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Bracht K, Flaam H, Vlassenroot K, Van de Putte B. Conflict and insecurity : a sociological perspective on perceptions of insecurity in conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo. CURRENT SOCIOLOGY. 2017;65(3):336–55.
MLA
Van der Bracht, Koen, Hélène Flaam, Koen Vlassenroot, et al. “Conflict and Insecurity : a Sociological Perspective on Perceptions of Insecurity in Conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo.” CURRENT SOCIOLOGY 65.3 (2017): 336–355. Print.
@article{7018457,
  abstract     = {In this paper, we focus on insecurity perceptions in conflict-affected areas. We apply sociological theories on the determinants of perceived security risks and test hypotheses concerning theories on social and physical vulnerability, social disorder and social integration in the area where the Lord{\textquoteright}s Resistance Army (LRA) has operated. We use data from a survey conducted in 2013 in the territory of Faradje (Haut-Uele) and apply multilevel models to 443 individuals living within 21 different villages and internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. The results indicate that insecurity perceptions and fear for attacks are still widespread, causing individuals to adapt their behaviour and IDPs to refrain from returning home. These concerns are unaffected by social and physical vulnerabilities. We do find a positive significant effect of the presence of IDPs in the villages and IDP camps on insecurity perceptions. This suggests possible effects of social disorder and a lack of social integration due to the arrival of IDPs in the area. Although improving the security situation itself is an important factor, this paper shows that addressing insecurity perceptions might be an important factor as well.},
  author       = {Van der Bracht, Koen and Flaam, H{\'e}l{\`e}ne and Vlassenroot, Koen and Van de Putte, Bart},
  issn         = {0011-3921 },
  journal      = {CURRENT SOCIOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Internally displaced persons,Multilevel analyses.,Conflict,Insecurity perceptions,Social integration,Vulnerability,Social disorder},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {336--355},
  title        = {Conflict and insecurity : a sociological perspective on perceptions of insecurity in conflict-affected Democratic Republic of the Congo},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011392115626494},
  volume       = {65},
  year         = {2017},
}

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