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Post-war Kosovo landscapes in Pristina : discrepancies between language policy and urban reality

Uranela Demaj (UGent) and Mieke Vandenbroucke (UGent)
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Abstract
This paper focuses on the complex nature of post-war multilingual landscapes in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, as shaped by the country's political shift after independence in 2008. We aim to contribute to this sociolinguistically underexplored territory through an examination of the relative predominance and visibility of the capital's most dominant languages: Albanian, Serbian, and English. Our central aim is to empirically problematize the shared co-officialdom of the Albanian and Serb languages, as put forward in the "Ahtisaari Plan" in 2007 and subsequently adopted in the State Constitution in 2008 and Language Laws in 2006 and 2008. We posit that the multilingual language policies which paint an inclusive, multi-ethnic picture of Pristina do not coincide with its monolingual Albanian reality. In addition to these empirical findings, our second aim is to contribute to the theorization of authorship in the public sphere. With reference to the Pristina context, we problematize the analytical categorization conventionally made between top-down and bottom-up agency and distinguish a third category of semi-official authorship. This third category enables us to examine the dynamic nature of the discrepancy between Kosovo's language policy and Pristina's urban linguistic reality in more detail.
Keywords
Kosovo, multilingualism, post-war linguistic landscapes, privatization, official and nonofficial agencies, LINGUISTIC LANDSCAPE, CHINATOWN

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MLA
Demaj, Uranela, and Mieke Vandenbroucke. “Post-War Kosovo Landscapes in Pristina : Discrepancies between Language Policy and Urban Reality.” NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY, vol. 44, no. 5, CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2016, pp. 804–25, doi:10.1080/00905992.2016.1187592.
APA
Demaj, U., & Vandenbroucke, M. (2016). Post-war Kosovo landscapes in Pristina : discrepancies between language policy and urban reality. NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY, 44(5), 804–825. https://doi.org/10.1080/00905992.2016.1187592
Chicago author-date
Demaj, Uranela, and Mieke Vandenbroucke. 2016. “Post-War Kosovo Landscapes in Pristina : Discrepancies between Language Policy and Urban Reality.” NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY 44 (5): 804–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/00905992.2016.1187592.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Demaj, Uranela, and Mieke Vandenbroucke. 2016. “Post-War Kosovo Landscapes in Pristina : Discrepancies between Language Policy and Urban Reality.” NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY 44 (5): 804–825. doi:10.1080/00905992.2016.1187592.
Vancouver
1.
Demaj U, Vandenbroucke M. Post-war Kosovo landscapes in Pristina : discrepancies between language policy and urban reality. NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY. 2016;44(5):804–25.
IEEE
[1]
U. Demaj and M. Vandenbroucke, “Post-war Kosovo landscapes in Pristina : discrepancies between language policy and urban reality,” NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 804–825, 2016.
@article{7009331,
  abstract     = {This paper focuses on the complex nature of post-war multilingual landscapes in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, as shaped by the country's political shift after independence in 2008. We aim to contribute to this sociolinguistically underexplored territory through an examination of the relative predominance and visibility of the capital's most dominant languages: Albanian, Serbian, and English. Our central aim is to empirically problematize the shared co-officialdom of the Albanian and Serb languages, as put forward in the "Ahtisaari Plan" in 2007 and subsequently adopted in the State Constitution in 2008 and Language Laws in 2006 and 2008. We posit that the multilingual language policies which paint an inclusive, multi-ethnic picture of Pristina do not coincide with its monolingual Albanian reality. In addition to these empirical findings, our second aim is to contribute to the theorization of authorship in the public sphere. With reference to the Pristina context, we problematize the analytical categorization conventionally made between top-down and bottom-up agency and distinguish a third category of semi-official authorship. This third category enables us to examine the dynamic nature of the discrepancy between Kosovo's language policy and Pristina's urban linguistic reality in more detail.},
  author       = {Demaj, Uranela and Vandenbroucke, Mieke},
  issn         = {0090-5992},
  journal      = {NATIONALITIES PAPERS-THE JOURNAL OF NATIONALISM AND ETHNICITY},
  keywords     = {Kosovo,multilingualism,post-war linguistic landscapes,privatization,official and nonofficial agencies,LINGUISTIC LANDSCAPE,CHINATOWN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {804--825},
  publisher    = {CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS},
  title        = {Post-war Kosovo landscapes in Pristina : discrepancies between language policy and urban reality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00905992.2016.1187592},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2016},
}

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