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Application of small molecules favoring naive pluripotency during human embryonic stem cell derivation

Margot Van der Jeught (UGent) , Jasin Taelman (UGent) , Galbha Duggal (UGent) , Sabitri Ghimire (UGent) , Sylvie Lierman (UGent) , Susana Marina Chuva de Sousa Lopes (UGent) , Dieter Deforce (UGent) , Tom Deroo (UGent) , Petra De Sutter (UGent) and Björn Heindryckx (UGent)
(2015) CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING. 17(3). p.170-180
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Abstract
In mice, inhibition of both the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular-signal regulated kinase (MEK/Erk) and the Wnt signaling inhibitor glycogen synthase-3 (GSK3) enables the derivation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) from nonpermissive strains in the presence of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). Whereas mESCs are in an uncommitted naive state, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) represent a more advanced state, denoted as primed pluripotency. This burdens hESCs with a series of characteristics, which, in contrast to naive ESCs, makes them not ideal for key applications such as cell-based clinical therapies and human disease modeling. In this study, different small molecule combinations were applied during human ESC derivation. Hereby, we aimed to sustain the naive pluripotent state, by interfering with various key signaling pathways. First, we tested several combinations on existing, 2i (PD0325901 and CHIR99021)-derived mESCs. All combinations were shown to be equally adequate to sustain the expression of naive pluripotency markers. Second, these conditions were tested during hESC derivation. Overall, the best results were observed in the presence of medium supplemented with 2i, LIF, and the noncanonical Wnt signaling agonist Wnt5A, alone and combined with epinephrine. In these conditions, outgrowths repeatedly showed an ESC progenitor-like morphology, starting from day 3. Culturing these "progenitor cells" did not result in stable, naive hESC lines in the current conditions. Although Wnt5A could not promote naive hESC derivation, we found that it was sustaining the conversion of established hESCs toward a more naive state. Future work should aim to distinct the effects of the various culture formulations, including our Wnt5A-supplemented medium, reported to promote stable naive pluripotency in hESCs.
Keywords
HIPPO, LINES, DIFFERENTIATION, EPIBLAST, MOUSE EMBRYOS, SELF-RENEWAL, GROUND-STATE PLURIPOTENCY, MASS, MAINTENANCE, INHIBITORS

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Chicago
Van der Jeught, Margot, Jasin Taelman, Galbha Duggal, Sabitri Ghimire, Sylvie Lierman, Susana Marina Chuva de Sousa Lopes, Dieter Deforce, Tom Deroo, Petra De Sutter, and Björn Heindryckx. 2015. “Application of Small Molecules Favoring Naive Pluripotency During Human Embryonic Stem Cell Derivation.” Cellular Reprogramming 17 (3): 170–180.
APA
Van der Jeught, M., Taelman, J., Duggal, G., Ghimire, S., Lierman, S., Chuva de Sousa Lopes, S. M., Deforce, D., et al. (2015). Application of small molecules favoring naive pluripotency during human embryonic stem cell derivation. CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING, 17(3), 170–180.
Vancouver
1.
Van der Jeught M, Taelman J, Duggal G, Ghimire S, Lierman S, Chuva de Sousa Lopes SM, et al. Application of small molecules favoring naive pluripotency during human embryonic stem cell derivation. CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING. 2015;17(3):170–80.
MLA
Van der Jeught, Margot, Jasin Taelman, Galbha Duggal, et al. “Application of Small Molecules Favoring Naive Pluripotency During Human Embryonic Stem Cell Derivation.” CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING 17.3 (2015): 170–180. Print.
@article{7000668,
  abstract     = {In mice, inhibition of both the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular-signal regulated kinase (MEK/Erk) and the Wnt signaling inhibitor glycogen synthase-3 (GSK3) enables the derivation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) from nonpermissive strains in the presence of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). Whereas mESCs are in an uncommitted naive state, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) represent a more advanced state, denoted as primed pluripotency. This burdens hESCs with a series of characteristics, which, in contrast to naive ESCs, makes them not ideal for key applications such as cell-based clinical therapies and human disease modeling. In this study, different small molecule combinations were applied during human ESC derivation. Hereby, we aimed to sustain the naive pluripotent state, by interfering with various key signaling pathways. First, we tested several combinations on existing, 2i (PD0325901 and CHIR99021)-derived mESCs. All combinations were shown to be equally adequate to sustain the expression of naive pluripotency markers. Second, these conditions were tested during hESC derivation. Overall, the best results were observed in the presence of medium supplemented with 2i, LIF, and the noncanonical Wnt signaling agonist Wnt5A, alone and combined with epinephrine. In these conditions, outgrowths repeatedly showed an ESC progenitor-like morphology, starting from day 3. Culturing these {\textacutedbl}progenitor cells{\textacutedbl} did not result in stable, naive hESC lines in the current conditions. Although Wnt5A could not promote naive hESC derivation, we found that it was sustaining the conversion of established hESCs toward a more naive state. Future work should aim to distinct the effects of the various culture formulations, including our Wnt5A-supplemented medium, reported to promote stable naive pluripotency in hESCs.},
  author       = {Van der Jeught, Margot and Taelman, Jasin and Duggal, Galbha and Ghimire, Sabitri and Lierman, Sylvie and Chuva de Sousa Lopes, Susana Marina and Deforce, Dieter and Deroo, Tom and De Sutter, Petra and Heindryckx, Bj{\"o}rn},
  issn         = {2152-4971},
  journal      = {CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING},
  keyword      = {HIPPO,LINES,DIFFERENTIATION,EPIBLAST,MOUSE EMBRYOS,SELF-RENEWAL,GROUND-STATE PLURIPOTENCY,MASS,MAINTENANCE,INHIBITORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {170--180},
  title        = {Application of small molecules favoring naive pluripotency during human embryonic stem cell derivation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cell.2014.0085},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2015},
}

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