Advanced search
1 file | 3.30 MB Add to list

Creating cycling-friendly environments for children: which micro-scale factors are most important?: an experimental study using manipulated photographs

(2015) PLOS ONE. 10(12).
Author
Organization
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Increasing participation in transportation cycling represents a useful strategy for increasing children's physical activity levels. Knowledge on how to design environments to encourage adoption and maintenance of transportation cycling is limited and relies mainly on observational studies. The current study experimentally investigates the relative importance of micro-scale environmental factors for children's transportation cycling, as these micro-scale factors are easier to change within an existing neighborhood compared to macro-scale environmental factors (i.e. connectivity, land-use mix, …). METHODS: Researchers recruited children and their parents (n = 1232) via 45 randomly selected schools across Flanders and completed an online questionnaire which consisted of 1) demographic questions; and 2) a choice-based conjoint (CBC) task. During this task, participants chose between two photographs which we had experimentally manipulated in seven micro-scale environmental factors: type of cycle path; evenness of cycle path; traffic speed; traffic density; presence of speed bumps; environmental maintenance; and vegetation. Participants indicated which route they preferred to (let their child) cycle along. To find the relative importance of these micro-scale environmental factors, we conducted Hierarchical Bayes analyses. RESULTS: Type of cycle path emerged as the most important factor by far among both children and their parents, followed by traffic density and maintenance, and evenness of the cycle path among children. Among parents, speed limits and maintenance emerged as second most important, followed by evenness of the cycle path, and traffic density. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate that improvements in micro-scale environmental factors might be effective for increasing children's transportation cycling, since they increase the perceived supportiveness of the physical environment for transportation cycling. Investments in creating a clearly designated space for the young cyclist, separated from motorized traffic, appears to be the most effective way to increase perceived supportiveness. Future research should confirm our laboratory findings with experimental on-site research.
Keywords
NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, INDEPENDENT MOBILITY, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, ROUTE CHOICE, SCHOOL, YOUTH, ADOLESCENTS, PERCEPTIONS, TRANSPORT

Downloads

  • Ghekiere creating cycling-friendly environments for children.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 3.30 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Ghekiere, Ariane et al. “Creating Cycling-friendly Environments for Children: Which Micro-scale Factors Are Most Important?: An Experimental Study Using Manipulated Photographs.” PLOS ONE 10.12 (2015): n. pag. Print.
APA
Ghekiere, Ariane, Deforche, B., Mertens, L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Clarys, P., de Geus, B., Cardon, G., et al. (2015). Creating cycling-friendly environments for children: which micro-scale factors are most important?: an experimental study using manipulated photographs. PLOS ONE, 10(12).
Chicago author-date
Ghekiere, Ariane, Benedicte Deforche, Lieze Mertens, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Bas de Geus, Greet Cardon, Jack Nasar, Jo Salmon, and Jelle Van Cauwenberg. 2015. “Creating Cycling-friendly Environments for Children: Which Micro-scale Factors Are Most Important?: An Experimental Study Using Manipulated Photographs.” Plos One 10 (12).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ghekiere, Ariane, Benedicte Deforche, Lieze Mertens, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Bas de Geus, Greet Cardon, Jack Nasar, Jo Salmon, and Jelle Van Cauwenberg. 2015. “Creating Cycling-friendly Environments for Children: Which Micro-scale Factors Are Most Important?: An Experimental Study Using Manipulated Photographs.” Plos One 10 (12).
Vancouver
1.
Ghekiere A, Deforche B, Mertens L, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Clarys P, de Geus B, et al. Creating cycling-friendly environments for children: which micro-scale factors are most important?: an experimental study using manipulated photographs. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(12).
IEEE
[1]
A. Ghekiere et al., “Creating cycling-friendly environments for children: which micro-scale factors are most important?: an experimental study using manipulated photographs,” PLOS ONE, vol. 10, no. 12, 2015.
@article{6999272,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Increasing participation in transportation cycling represents a useful strategy for increasing children's physical activity levels. Knowledge on how to design environments to encourage adoption and maintenance of transportation cycling is limited and relies mainly on observational studies. The current study experimentally investigates the relative importance of micro-scale environmental factors for children's transportation cycling, as these micro-scale factors are easier to change within an existing neighborhood compared to macro-scale environmental factors (i.e. connectivity, land-use mix, …).
METHODS: Researchers recruited children and their parents (n = 1232) via 45 randomly selected schools across Flanders and completed an online questionnaire which consisted of 1) demographic questions; and 2) a choice-based conjoint (CBC) task. During this task, participants chose between two photographs which we had experimentally manipulated in seven micro-scale environmental factors: type of cycle path; evenness of cycle path; traffic speed; traffic density; presence of speed bumps; environmental maintenance; and vegetation. Participants indicated which route they preferred to (let their child) cycle along. To find the relative importance of these micro-scale environmental factors, we conducted Hierarchical Bayes analyses.
RESULTS: Type of cycle path emerged as the most important factor by far among both children and their parents, followed by traffic density and maintenance, and evenness of the cycle path among children. Among parents, speed limits and maintenance emerged as second most important, followed by evenness of the cycle path, and traffic density.
CONCLUSION: Findings indicate that improvements in micro-scale environmental factors might be effective for increasing children's transportation cycling, since they increase the perceived supportiveness of the physical environment for transportation cycling. Investments in creating a clearly designated space for the young cyclist, separated from motorized traffic, appears to be the most effective way to increase perceived supportiveness. Future research should confirm our laboratory findings with experimental on-site research.},
  articleno    = {e0143302},
  author       = {Ghekiere, Ariane and Deforche, Benedicte and Mertens, Lieze and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Clarys, Peter and de Geus, Bas and Cardon, Greet and Nasar, Jack and Salmon, Jo and Van Cauwenberg, Jelle},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,INDEPENDENT MOBILITY,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,ROUTE CHOICE,SCHOOL,YOUTH,ADOLESCENTS,PERCEPTIONS,TRANSPORT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {18},
  title        = {Creating cycling-friendly environments for children: which micro-scale factors are most important?: an experimental study using manipulated photographs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143302},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2015},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: