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Evaluative priming reveals dissociable effects of cognitive vs. physiological anxiety on action monitoring

Lien De Saedeleer UGent and Gilles Pourtois UGent (2016) EMOTION. 16(4). p.498-514
abstract
Performance monitoring enables the rapid detection of mismatches between goals or intentions and actions, as well as subsequent behavioral adjustment by means of enhanced attention control. These processes are not encapsulated, but they are readily influenced by affective or motivational variables, including negative affect. Here we tested the prediction that worry, the cognitive component of anxiety, and arousal, its physiological counterpart, can each influence specific processes during performance monitoring. In 2 experiments, participants were asked to discriminate the valence of emotional words that were preceded by either correct (good) or incorrect (bad) actions, serving as primes in a standard evaluative priming procedure. In Experiment 1 (n = 36) we examined the influence of trait worry and arousal. Additionally, we included a face priming task to examine the specificity of this effect. Stepwise linear regression analyses showed that increased worry, but not arousal, weakened the evaluative priming effect and therefore the rapid and automatic processing of actions as good or bad. By contrast, arousal, but not worry, increased posterror slowing. In Experiment 2 (n = 30) state worry was induced using an anagram task. Effects of worry on action monitoring were trait but not state dependent, and only evidenced when actions were directly used as primes. These results suggest a double dissociation between worry and arousal during performance monitoring.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ANTERIOR CINGULATE, STATE WORRY QUESTIONNAIRE, TRAIT ANXIETY, AUTOMATIC ACTIVATION, TEMPORAL DYNAMICS, CLINICAL ANXIETY, TRIPARTITE MODEL, RESPONSE TASKS, BRAIN ACTIVITY, PHOBIC IMAGES, anxiety, worry, arousal, priming, action
journal title
EMOTION
volume
16
issue
4
pages
498 - 514
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000380253900011
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
3.251 (2016)
JCR rank
12/84 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
1528-3542
DOI
10.1037/emo0000149
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
6994629
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-6994629
date created
2015-11-27 16:33:11
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:41:36
@article{6994629,
  abstract     = {Performance monitoring enables the rapid detection of mismatches between goals or intentions and actions, as well as subsequent behavioral adjustment by means of enhanced attention control. These processes are not encapsulated, but they are readily influenced by affective or motivational variables, including negative affect. Here we tested the prediction that worry, the cognitive component of anxiety, and arousal, its physiological counterpart, can each influence specific processes during performance monitoring. In 2 experiments, participants were asked to discriminate the valence of emotional words that were preceded by either correct (good) or incorrect (bad) actions, serving as primes in a standard evaluative priming procedure. In Experiment 1 (n = 36) we examined the influence of trait worry and arousal. Additionally, we included a face priming task to examine the specificity of this effect. Stepwise linear regression analyses showed that increased worry, but not arousal, weakened the evaluative priming effect and therefore the rapid and automatic processing of actions as good or bad. By contrast, arousal, but not worry, increased posterror slowing. In Experiment 2 (n = 30) state worry was induced using an anagram task. Effects of worry on action monitoring were trait but not state dependent, and only evidenced when actions were directly used as primes. These results suggest a double dissociation between worry and arousal during performance monitoring.},
  author       = {De Saedeleer, Lien and Pourtois, Gilles},
  issn         = {1528-3542},
  journal      = {EMOTION},
  keyword      = {ANTERIOR CINGULATE,STATE WORRY QUESTIONNAIRE,TRAIT ANXIETY,AUTOMATIC ACTIVATION,TEMPORAL DYNAMICS,CLINICAL ANXIETY,TRIPARTITE MODEL,RESPONSE TASKS,BRAIN ACTIVITY,PHOBIC IMAGES,anxiety,worry,arousal,priming,action},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {498--514},
  title        = {Evaluative priming reveals dissociable effects of cognitive vs. physiological anxiety on action monitoring},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/emo0000149},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
De Saedeleer, Lien, and Gilles Pourtois. 2016. “Evaluative Priming Reveals Dissociable Effects of Cognitive Vs. Physiological Anxiety on Action Monitoring.” Emotion 16 (4): 498–514.
APA
De Saedeleer, L., & Pourtois, G. (2016). Evaluative priming reveals dissociable effects of cognitive vs. physiological anxiety on action monitoring. EMOTION, 16(4), 498–514.
Vancouver
1.
De Saedeleer L, Pourtois G. Evaluative priming reveals dissociable effects of cognitive vs. physiological anxiety on action monitoring. EMOTION. 2016;16(4):498–514.
MLA
De Saedeleer, Lien, and Gilles Pourtois. “Evaluative Priming Reveals Dissociable Effects of Cognitive Vs. Physiological Anxiety on Action Monitoring.” EMOTION 16.4 (2016): 498–514. Print.