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Density and growth rates of spider mites in relation to phenological stages of soybean cultivars in Brazil

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Abstract
The population fluctuations of spider mites on different soybean cultivars were studied in two experiments performed in the municipalities of So Sep, (experiment 1) and Santa Maria (experiment 2) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The number of cultivars was 20 in So Sep, and 25 in Santa Maria, and at each location leaves were sampled from 15 plants per cultivar every week throughout the entire plant developmental cycle, amounting to 11 and 10 samplings in experiment 1 and 2, respectively. The statistical analysis revealed that mite densities varied significantly with cultivar and time. Besides, the interaction between soybean cultivars and sampling times was significant at both locations. This indicates that the populations did not vary in the same way among cultivars over time, which is attributed to differences among the cultivars with respect to their phenology and response to spider mites. Equations for describing the mite population dynamics were estimated for each cultivar, mostly by fitting cubic equations to the weekly growth rates (per capita changes) in mite densities. We also found that the highest growth rates for mites on soybean cultivars in both locations occurred after the beginning of flowering, when the plants shifted from the vegetative to reproductive stages, about 3 weeks before reaching the peak densities.
Keywords
Population peak, IPM, Sampling procedure, Tetranychidae, GRANDE-DO-SUL

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Chicago
Arnemann, Jonas André, Rubens Alex Fiorin, Clérison Régis Perini, Lindolfo Storck, Luis Eduardo Curioletti, Gösta Nachman, and Jerson Vanderlei Carús Guedes. 2015. “Density and Growth Rates of Spider Mites in Relation to Phenological Stages of Soybean Cultivars in Brazil.” Experimental and Applied Acarology 67 (3): 423–440.
APA
Arnemann, J. A., Fiorin, R. A., Perini, C. R., Storck, L., Curioletti, L. E., Nachman, G., & Carús Guedes, J. V. (2015). Density and growth rates of spider mites in relation to phenological stages of soybean cultivars in Brazil. EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY, 67(3), 423–440.
Vancouver
1.
Arnemann JA, Fiorin RA, Perini CR, Storck L, Curioletti LE, Nachman G, et al. Density and growth rates of spider mites in relation to phenological stages of soybean cultivars in Brazil. EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY. 2015;67(3):423–40.
MLA
Arnemann, Jonas André, Rubens Alex Fiorin, Clérison Régis Perini, et al. “Density and Growth Rates of Spider Mites in Relation to Phenological Stages of Soybean Cultivars in Brazil.” EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY 67.3 (2015): 423–440. Print.
@article{6994266,
  abstract     = {The population fluctuations of spider mites on different soybean cultivars were studied in two experiments performed in the municipalities of So Sep, (experiment 1) and Santa Maria (experiment 2) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The number of cultivars was 20 in So Sep, and 25 in Santa Maria, and at each location leaves were sampled from 15 plants per cultivar every week throughout the entire plant developmental cycle, amounting to 11 and 10 samplings in experiment 1 and 2, respectively. The statistical analysis revealed that mite densities varied significantly with cultivar and time. Besides, the interaction between soybean cultivars and sampling times was significant at both locations. This indicates that the populations did not vary in the same way among cultivars over time, which is attributed to differences among the cultivars with respect to their phenology and response to spider mites. Equations for describing the mite population dynamics were estimated for each cultivar, mostly by fitting cubic equations to the weekly growth rates (per capita changes) in mite densities. We also found that the highest growth rates for mites on soybean cultivars in both locations occurred after the beginning of flowering, when the plants shifted from the vegetative to reproductive stages, about 3 weeks before reaching the peak densities.},
  author       = {Arnemann, Jonas Andr{\'e} and Fiorin, Rubens Alex and Perini, Cl{\'e}rison R{\'e}gis and Storck, Lindolfo and Curioletti, Luis Eduardo and Nachman, G{\"o}sta and Car{\'u}s Guedes, Jerson Vanderlei},
  issn         = {0168-8162},
  journal      = {EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {423--440},
  title        = {Density and growth rates of spider mites in relation to phenological stages of soybean cultivars in Brazil},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-015-9958-4},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2015},
}

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