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Herb layer changes (1954-2000) related to the conversion of coppice-with-standards forest and soil acidification

Lander Baeten UGent, Bram Bauwens, An De Schrijver UGent, Luc De Keersmaeker UGent, Hans Van Calster, Kris Vandekerkhove, Bart Roelandt, Hans Beeckman and Kris Verheyen UGent (2009) APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE. 12(2). p.187-197
abstract
Question: Did the composition of the herb layer of a deciduous forest on loamy soils sensitive to soil acidification change between 1954 and 2000? How are these change related to the abandonment of traditional coppice-with-standards forest management and increased soil acidification? Location: Central Belgium (Europe). Methods: Twenty semi-permanent phytosociological quadrats from an ancient deciduous forest (Meerdaal forest) were carefully selected out of a total of 70 plots dating from 1954 and were revisited in 2000. Species composition and soil pH H2O were recorded using an analogous methodology. The studied period coincides with a period of forest conversion from coppice-with-standards towards a high forest structure and with an increase in acidifying and eutrophying deposition. Results: Between 1954 and 2000, species composition of the herb layer changed significantly. Redundancy analysis pointed to increased shade resulting from shifts in cover and species composition of the shrub and tree layer as the main driving force. Soil acidity increased and the majority of plots entered the aluminium buffer range, which potentially affected herb layer composition. Observations at the species level, especially a strong decrease in cover of the vernal species Anemone nemorosa supported this hypothesis. Conclusions: Our results show significant shifts in the forest herb layer in less than five decades. These shifts were related to an alteration in the traditional forest management regime and increased soil acidity. Whereas the effect of a changed management regime can be mitigated, soil acidification is less reversible. Testing the generality of these patterns on more extensive data sets is certainly needed.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
High forest, Forest conversion, Semi-permanent plots, Increased shade, Forest management, DECIDUOUS FOREST, HERBACEOUS LAYER, SOUTHERN SWEDEN, VEGETATION, ECOSYSTEMS, MANAGEMENT, DEPOSITION, WOODLAND, BELGIUM, ANCIENT
journal title
APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE
Appl. Veg. Sci.
volume
12
issue
2
pages
187 - 197
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000267484100006
JCR category
FORESTRY
JCR impact factor
1.349 (2009)
JCR rank
15/46 (2009)
JCR quartile
2 (2009)
ISSN
1402-2001
DOI
10.1111/j.1654-109X.2009.01013.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
698802
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-698802
date created
2009-06-15 11:04:58
date last changed
2012-07-30 12:11:54
@article{698802,
  abstract     = {Question: Did the composition of the herb layer of a deciduous forest on loamy soils sensitive to soil acidification change between 1954 and 2000? How are these change related to the abandonment of traditional coppice-with-standards forest management and increased soil acidification?
Location: Central Belgium (Europe).
Methods: Twenty semi-permanent phytosociological quadrats from an ancient deciduous forest (Meerdaal forest) were carefully selected out of a total of 70 plots dating from 1954 and were revisited in 2000. Species composition and soil pH H2O were recorded using an analogous methodology. The studied period coincides with a period of forest conversion from coppice-with-standards towards a high forest structure and with an increase in acidifying and eutrophying deposition.
Results: Between 1954 and 2000, species composition of the herb layer changed significantly. Redundancy analysis pointed to increased shade resulting from shifts in cover and species composition of the shrub and tree layer as the main driving force. Soil acidity increased and the majority of plots entered the aluminium buffer range, which potentially affected herb layer composition. Observations at the species level, especially a strong decrease in cover of the vernal species Anemone nemorosa supported this hypothesis.
Conclusions: Our results show significant shifts in the forest herb layer in less than five decades. These shifts were related to an alteration in the traditional forest management regime and increased soil acidity. Whereas the effect of a changed management regime can be mitigated, soil acidification is less reversible. Testing the generality of these patterns on more extensive data sets is certainly needed.},
  author       = {Baeten, Lander and Bauwens, Bram and De Schrijver, An and De Keersmaeker, Luc and Van Calster, Hans and Vandekerkhove, Kris and Roelandt, Bart and Beeckman, Hans and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {1402-2001},
  journal      = {APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {High forest,Forest conversion,Semi-permanent plots,Increased shade,Forest management,DECIDUOUS FOREST,HERBACEOUS LAYER,SOUTHERN SWEDEN,VEGETATION,ECOSYSTEMS,MANAGEMENT,DEPOSITION,WOODLAND,BELGIUM,ANCIENT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {187--197},
  title        = {Herb layer changes (1954-2000) related to the conversion of coppice-with-standards forest and soil acidification},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2009.01013.x},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Baeten, Lander, Bram Bauwens, An De Schrijver, Luc De Keersmaeker, Hans Van Calster, Kris Vandekerkhove, Bart Roelandt, Hans Beeckman, and Kris Verheyen. 2009. “Herb Layer Changes (1954-2000) Related to the Conversion of Coppice-with-standards Forest and Soil Acidification.” Applied Vegetation Science 12 (2): 187–197.
APA
Baeten, L., Bauwens, B., De Schrijver, A., De Keersmaeker, L., Van Calster, H., Vandekerkhove, K., Roelandt, B., et al. (2009). Herb layer changes (1954-2000) related to the conversion of coppice-with-standards forest and soil acidification. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE, 12(2), 187–197.
Vancouver
1.
Baeten L, Bauwens B, De Schrijver A, De Keersmaeker L, Van Calster H, Vandekerkhove K, et al. Herb layer changes (1954-2000) related to the conversion of coppice-with-standards forest and soil acidification. APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE. 2009;12(2):187–97.
MLA
Baeten, Lander, Bram Bauwens, An De Schrijver, et al. “Herb Layer Changes (1954-2000) Related to the Conversion of Coppice-with-standards Forest and Soil Acidification.” APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE 12.2 (2009): 187–197. Print.