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Extremely preterm born children at very high risk for developing autism spectrum disorder

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Abstract
This study aimed to provide a more comprehensive picture of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a geographic cohort of extremely preterm born adolescents by using established diagnostic instruments in addition to screening instruments. 53 participants passed a screening procedure with two screening instruments and a diagnostic evaluation with a semi-structured assessment and a parent interview. 28 % of the adolescents had a community based clinical diagnosis of ASD. When research diagnoses were also taken into account, this rate increased to 40 %. Intellectual disability, language impairment and behavioural difficulties are characteristic for these children with ASD. This study is to our knowledge the first to use ASD-specific diagnostic instruments to confirm ASD diagnoses in extremely preterm born children in early adolescence. The study expands findings of previous research and raises the need for follow-up into late childhood and early adolescence.
Keywords
SOCIAL COMMUNICATION QUESTIONNAIRE, LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT, GESTATIONAL-AGE, NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY, SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE, DIAGNOSTIC VALIDITY, MENTAL-HEALTH, INFANTS, ADOLESCENTS, PREVALENCE, Extremely preterm born children, Late childhood and early adolescence, Screening tools and ASD specific diagnostic measurements, High prevalence of ASD

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Chicago
Verhaeghe, Liedewij, Mieke Dereu, Petra Warreyn, Isabel De Groote, Piet Vanhaesebrouck, and Herbert Roeyers. 2016. “Extremely Preterm Born Children at Very High Risk for Developing Autism Spectrum Disorder.” Child Psychiatry & Human Development 47 (5): 729–739.
APA
Verhaeghe, L., Dereu, M., Warreyn, P., De Groote, I., Vanhaesebrouck, P., & Roeyers, H. (2016). Extremely preterm born children at very high risk for developing autism spectrum disorder. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, 47(5), 729–739.
Vancouver
1.
Verhaeghe L, Dereu M, Warreyn P, De Groote I, Vanhaesebrouck P, Roeyers H. Extremely preterm born children at very high risk for developing autism spectrum disorder. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 2016;47(5):729–39.
MLA
Verhaeghe, Liedewij et al. “Extremely Preterm Born Children at Very High Risk for Developing Autism Spectrum Disorder.” CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 47.5 (2016): 729–739. Print.
@article{6987231,
  abstract     = {This study aimed to provide a more comprehensive picture of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a geographic cohort of extremely preterm born adolescents by using established diagnostic instruments in addition to screening instruments. 53 participants passed a screening procedure with two screening instruments and a diagnostic evaluation with a semi-structured assessment and a parent interview. 28 % of the adolescents had a community based clinical diagnosis of ASD. When research diagnoses were also taken into account, this rate increased to 40 %. Intellectual disability, language impairment and behavioural difficulties are characteristic for these children with ASD. This study is to our knowledge the first to use ASD-specific diagnostic instruments to confirm ASD diagnoses in extremely preterm born children in early adolescence. The study expands findings of previous research and raises the need for follow-up into late childhood and early adolescence.},
  author       = {Verhaeghe, Liedewij and Dereu, Mieke and Warreyn, Petra and De Groote, Isabel and Vanhaesebrouck, Piet and Roeyers, Herbert},
  issn         = {0009-398X},
  journal      = {CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT},
  keywords     = {SOCIAL COMMUNICATION QUESTIONNAIRE,LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT,GESTATIONAL-AGE,NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY,SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE,DIAGNOSTIC VALIDITY,MENTAL-HEALTH,INFANTS,ADOLESCENTS,PREVALENCE,Extremely preterm born children,Late childhood and early adolescence,Screening tools and ASD specific diagnostic measurements,High prevalence of ASD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {729--739},
  title        = {Extremely preterm born children at very high risk for developing autism spectrum disorder},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-015-0606-3},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2016},
}

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