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Development of an isolation procedure and MC-ICP-MS measurement protocol for the study of stable isotope ratio variations of nickel

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Abstract
Variations in the isotopic composition of Ni resulting from natural mass-dependent processes in terrestrial or extraterrestrial conditions, inhomogeneous distribution of nucleosynthetic components and/or ingrowth from radioactive parent nuclides, help us to further understand the early formation history of Solar System materials and the nature of the processes these materials subsequently experienced. In studies of Ni isotope systematics, mass-dependent variations in the isotopic composition of Ni are often bypassed because of the challenges associated with the sample preparation. At the level of natural variation studied, Ni isotope ratio measurements are extremely sensitive to spectral interference, artificial on-column isotope fractionation and possibly even to the mass bias correction model applied. To adequately address these complications, an isolation procedure and measurement protocol relying on multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) have been designed and validated in this work. The overall reproducibility obtained based on repeated measurement of a Sigma-Aldrich high-purity Ni standard is 0.036&, 0.049 parts per thousand, 0.078 parts per thousand and 0.53 parts per thousand for delta Ni-60/58, delta Ni-61/58, delta Ni-62/58 and delta Ni-64/58, respectively (n = 14; 2 SD). Nickel isotope ratio variations have been studied in a set of iron meteorites and geological reference materials, and the results obtained, except for those suffering from an elevated Zn-64 background, show good agreement with the available literature data. By using the flexible generalized power law with a variable discrimination exponent and the three-isotope method, the processes underlying natural mass fractionation of Ni for terrestrial reference materials were found to have a mixed equilibrium/kinetic nature. Mass-dependent Ni fractionation was observed between sample fractions of the Canyon Diablo iron meteorite, and the extracted fractionation factor beta corresponds to isotope partitioning following the power law.
Keywords
ELEMENTS, FRACTIONATION, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, ANION-EXCHANGE, DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENTS, MASS-SPECTROMETRY, EARLY SOLAR-SYSTEM, IRON-METEORITES, CATION-EXCHANGE BEHAVIOR, HIGH-PRECISION MEASUREMENTS

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Chicago
Chernonozhkin, Stepan, Steven Goderis, Lara Lobo Revilla, Philippe Claeys, and Frank Vanhaecke. 2015. “Development of an Isolation Procedure and MC-ICP-MS Measurement Protocol for the Study of Stable Isotope Ratio Variations of Nickel.” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 30 (7): 1518–1530.
APA
Chernonozhkin, S., Goderis, S., Lobo Revilla, L., Claeys, P., & Vanhaecke, F. (2015). Development of an isolation procedure and MC-ICP-MS measurement protocol for the study of stable isotope ratio variations of nickel. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY, 30(7), 1518–1530.
Vancouver
1.
Chernonozhkin S, Goderis S, Lobo Revilla L, Claeys P, Vanhaecke F. Development of an isolation procedure and MC-ICP-MS measurement protocol for the study of stable isotope ratio variations of nickel. JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY. 2015;30(7):1518–30.
MLA
Chernonozhkin, Stepan, Steven Goderis, Lara Lobo Revilla, et al. “Development of an Isolation Procedure and MC-ICP-MS Measurement Protocol for the Study of Stable Isotope Ratio Variations of Nickel.” JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY 30.7 (2015): 1518–1530. Print.
@article{6985660,
  abstract     = {Variations in the isotopic composition of Ni resulting from natural mass-dependent processes in terrestrial or extraterrestrial conditions, inhomogeneous distribution of nucleosynthetic components and/or ingrowth from radioactive parent nuclides, help us to further understand the early formation history of Solar System materials and the nature of the processes these materials subsequently experienced. In studies of Ni isotope systematics, mass-dependent variations in the isotopic composition of Ni are often bypassed because of the challenges associated with the sample preparation. At the level of natural variation studied, Ni isotope ratio measurements are extremely sensitive to spectral interference, artificial on-column isotope fractionation and possibly even to the mass bias correction model applied. To adequately address these complications, an isolation procedure and measurement protocol relying on multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) have been designed and validated in this work. The overall reproducibility obtained based on repeated measurement of a Sigma-Aldrich high-purity Ni standard is 0.036\&, 0.049 parts per thousand, 0.078 parts per thousand and 0.53 parts per thousand for delta Ni-60/58, delta Ni-61/58, delta Ni-62/58 and delta Ni-64/58, respectively (n = 14; 2 SD). Nickel isotope ratio variations have been studied in a set of iron meteorites and geological reference materials, and the results obtained, except for those suffering from an elevated Zn-64 background, show good agreement with the available literature data. By using the flexible generalized power law with a variable discrimination exponent and the three-isotope method, the processes underlying natural mass fractionation of Ni for terrestrial reference materials were found to have a mixed equilibrium/kinetic nature. Mass-dependent Ni fractionation was observed between sample fractions of the Canyon Diablo iron meteorite, and the extracted fractionation factor beta corresponds to isotope partitioning following the power law.},
  author       = {Chernonozhkin, Stepan and Goderis, Steven and Lobo Revilla, Lara and Claeys, Philippe and Vanhaecke, Frank},
  issn         = {0267-9477},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY},
  keyword      = {ELEMENTS,FRACTIONATION,HYDROCHLORIC ACID,ANION-EXCHANGE,DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENTS,MASS-SPECTROMETRY,EARLY SOLAR-SYSTEM,IRON-METEORITES,CATION-EXCHANGE BEHAVIOR,HIGH-PRECISION MEASUREMENTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1518--1530},
  title        = {Development of an isolation procedure and MC-ICP-MS measurement protocol for the study of stable isotope ratio variations of nickel},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5ja00080g},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2015},
}

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