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Nutrient cycling in two continuous cover scenarios for forest conversion of pine plantations on sandy soil, I: nutrient cycling via aboveground tree biomass

An De Schrijver (UGent) , Guy Geudens (UGent) , Karen Wuyts (UGent) , Jeroen Staelens (UGent) , Leen Gielis and Kris Verheyen (UGent)
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Abstract
Conversion of coniferous pine plantations into mixed-species forests on sandy soils is an important concern for forest and nature management in Europe. However, little is know of the effect of the applied sylvicultural strategy on bio-geochemical cycling throughout the conversion process. This study examined the aboveground biomass production and nutrient (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) cycling in terms of litterfall, immobilization in stems and branches, canopy exchange, and yearly root uptake in two scenarios of continuous cover forestry a decade after the first intervention for converting a homogeneous Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forest. Four regeneration types were studied: silver birch (Betula pendula L.) and pine after a shelterwood cutting and birch and pine after a group cutting. In conclusion, it can be stated that both the tree species and the conversion scenario influence the circulation of nutrients through the forest ecosystem: cycling of N, P, and K is determined by the tree species as well as the conversion scenario, whereas circulation of Ca and Mg is predominantly influenced by the type of conversion.
Keywords
GROUND VEGETATION, TEMPERATE FORESTS, SOLUTION CHEMISTRY, SCOTS PINE, NORWAY SPRUCE, CANOPY BUDGET MODEL, NORTHERN BELGIUM, EUROPEAN BEECH, BALSAM FIR CANOPY, COMMON GARDEN

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Chicago
De Schrijver, An, Guy Geudens, Karen Wuyts, Jeroen Staelens, Leen Gielis, and Kris Verheyen. 2009. “Nutrient Cycling in Two Continuous Cover Scenarios for Forest Conversion of Pine Plantations on Sandy Soil, I: Nutrient Cycling via Aboveground Tree Biomass.” Canadian Journal of Forest Research-revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 39 (2): 441–452.
APA
De Schrijver, An, Geudens, G., Wuyts, K., Staelens, J., Gielis, L., & Verheyen, K. (2009). Nutrient cycling in two continuous cover scenarios for forest conversion of pine plantations on sandy soil, I: nutrient cycling via aboveground tree biomass. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH-REVUE CANADIENNE DE RECHERCHE FORESTIERE, 39(2), 441–452.
Vancouver
1.
De Schrijver A, Geudens G, Wuyts K, Staelens J, Gielis L, Verheyen K. Nutrient cycling in two continuous cover scenarios for forest conversion of pine plantations on sandy soil, I: nutrient cycling via aboveground tree biomass. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH-REVUE CANADIENNE DE RECHERCHE FORESTIERE. 2009;39(2):441–52.
MLA
De Schrijver, An, Guy Geudens, Karen Wuyts, et al. “Nutrient Cycling in Two Continuous Cover Scenarios for Forest Conversion of Pine Plantations on Sandy Soil, I: Nutrient Cycling via Aboveground Tree Biomass.” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH-REVUE CANADIENNE DE RECHERCHE FORESTIERE 39.2 (2009): 441–452. Print.
@article{698383,
  abstract     = {Conversion of coniferous pine plantations into mixed-species forests on sandy soils is an important concern for forest and nature management in Europe. However, little is know of the effect of the applied sylvicultural strategy on bio-geochemical cycling throughout the conversion process. This study examined the aboveground biomass production and nutrient (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) cycling in terms of litterfall, immobilization in stems and branches, canopy exchange, and yearly root uptake in two scenarios of continuous cover forestry a decade after the first intervention for converting a homogeneous Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forest. Four regeneration types were studied: silver birch (Betula pendula L.) and pine after a shelterwood cutting and birch and pine after a group cutting. In conclusion, it can be stated that both the tree species and the conversion scenario influence the circulation of nutrients through the forest ecosystem: cycling of N, P, and K is determined by the tree species as well as the conversion scenario, whereas circulation of Ca and Mg is predominantly influenced by the type of conversion.},
  author       = {De Schrijver, An and Geudens, Guy and Wuyts, Karen and Staelens, Jeroen and Gielis, Leen and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {0045-5067},
  journal      = {CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH-REVUE CANADIENNE DE RECHERCHE FORESTIERE},
  keyword      = {GROUND VEGETATION,TEMPERATE FORESTS,SOLUTION CHEMISTRY,SCOTS PINE,NORWAY SPRUCE,CANOPY BUDGET MODEL,NORTHERN BELGIUM,EUROPEAN BEECH,BALSAM FIR CANOPY,COMMON GARDEN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {441--452},
  title        = {Nutrient cycling in two continuous cover scenarios for forest conversion of pine plantations on sandy soil, I: nutrient cycling via aboveground tree biomass},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/X08-176},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2009},
}

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