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Possibilities to use tank-mix adjuvants for better fungicide spreading on triticale ears

Bert Ryckaert (UGent) , Pieter Spanoghe (UGent) , Betty Heremans (UGent) , Geert Haesaert (UGent) and Walter Steurbaut (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Tank-mix adjuvants can increase the overall performance of plant protection products. Their most important ways of action are the improved retention, spreading, wetting, and penetration of the pesticide on the target and the reduction of fine droplets. In this paper, deposition and spreading of the systemic fungicide propiconazole on triticale ears were quantified. A better deposition and spreading of fungicide on the ear may be a possible help for the Fusarium problem in triticale, wheat, and other cereals. Triticale ears were applied with propiconazole in combination with 11 different tank-mix adjuvants. Vegetable oil, alcohol ethoxylates, lactate ester, trisiloxanes, and an amphoteric molecule were included in this experiment. When no tank-mix adjuvant was used, the lower part of the ear was reached five times less by the propiconazole spray than the upper part of the ear. When the tank-mix adjuvant was combined with the propiconazole formulation, an increase in residue on both the upper and the lower part of the ear was observed. A higher residue on the upper half of the ear means a better deposition, while a higher residue on the lower part of the ear is related to a better downward spreading over the grains and the needles of the ear. The combination of those two observations makes it interesting to use tank-mix adjuvants for the prevention of mycotoxin-producing Fusarium species. The advantages are emphasized even more when cost effectiveness was calculated. The use of a proper tank-mix adjuvant can result in 40% lower cost per application per hectare.
Keywords
RESIDUES, CEREALS, MANCOZEB, cost effectiveness, ear, Fusarium head blight, triticale, tank-mix adjuvants, propiconazole, BLIGHT

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Chicago
Ryckaert, Bert, Pieter Spanoghe, Betty Heremans, Geert Haesaert, and Walter Steurbaut. 2008. “Possibilities to Use Tank-mix Adjuvants for Better Fungicide Spreading on Triticale Ears.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (17): 8041–8044.
APA
Ryckaert, B., Spanoghe, P., Heremans, B., Haesaert, G., & Steurbaut, W. (2008). Possibilities to use tank-mix adjuvants for better fungicide spreading on triticale ears. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 56(17), 8041–8044.
Vancouver
1.
Ryckaert B, Spanoghe P, Heremans B, Haesaert G, Steurbaut W. Possibilities to use tank-mix adjuvants for better fungicide spreading on triticale ears. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. 2008;56(17):8041–4.
MLA
Ryckaert, Bert, Pieter Spanoghe, Betty Heremans, et al. “Possibilities to Use Tank-mix Adjuvants for Better Fungicide Spreading on Triticale Ears.” JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY 56.17 (2008): 8041–8044. Print.
@article{698382,
  abstract     = {Tank-mix adjuvants can increase the overall performance of plant protection products. Their most important ways of action are the improved retention, spreading, wetting, and penetration of the pesticide on the target and the reduction of fine droplets. In this paper, deposition and spreading of the systemic fungicide propiconazole on triticale ears were quantified. A better deposition and spreading of fungicide on the ear may be a possible help for the Fusarium problem in triticale, wheat, and other cereals. Triticale ears were applied with propiconazole in combination with 11 different tank-mix adjuvants. Vegetable oil, alcohol ethoxylates, lactate ester, trisiloxanes, and an amphoteric molecule were included in this experiment. When no tank-mix adjuvant was used, the lower part of the ear was reached five times less by the propiconazole spray than the upper part of the ear. When the tank-mix adjuvant was combined with the propiconazole formulation, an increase in residue on both the upper and the lower part of the ear was observed. A higher residue on the upper half of the ear means a better deposition, while a higher residue on the lower part of the ear is related to a better downward spreading over the grains and the needles of the ear. The combination of those two observations makes it interesting to use tank-mix adjuvants for the prevention of mycotoxin-producing Fusarium species. The advantages are emphasized even more when cost effectiveness was calculated. The use of a proper tank-mix adjuvant can result in 40\% lower cost per application per hectare.},
  author       = {Ryckaert, Bert and Spanoghe, Pieter and Heremans, Betty and Haesaert, Geert and Steurbaut, Walter},
  issn         = {0021-8561},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY},
  keyword      = {RESIDUES,CEREALS,MANCOZEB,cost effectiveness,ear,Fusarium head blight,triticale,tank-mix adjuvants,propiconazole,BLIGHT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {17},
  pages        = {8041--8044},
  title        = {Possibilities to use tank-mix adjuvants for better fungicide spreading on triticale ears},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf8005257},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2008},
}

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