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Impact of a small cell on the RF-EMF exposure in a train

Sam Aerts (UGent) , David Plets (UGent) , Arno Thielens (UGent) , Luc Martens (UGent) and Wout Joseph (UGent)
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Abstract
The deployment of a miniature mobile-phone base station or small cell in a train car significantly improves the coverage and the capacity of a mobile network service on the train. However, the impact of the small cell on the passengers' exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) is unknown. In this study, we assessed experimentally the RF-EMF exposure of a mobile-phone user who is either connected to the outdoor macrocell network or to an in-train small cell, while traveling on the train, by means of the absorbed-dose concept, which combines the base station downlink exposure with the mobile-phone uplink exposure. For Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) technology at 1800 MHz, we found that by connecting to a small cell, the brain exposure of the user could realistically be reduced by a factor 35 and the whole-body exposure by a factor 11.
Keywords
FIELD EXPOSURE, FEMTOCELLS

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Chicago
Aerts, Sam, David Plets, Arno Thielens, Luc Martens, and Wout Joseph. 2015. “Impact of a Small Cell on the RF-EMF Exposure in a Train.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12 (3): 2639–2652.
APA
Aerts, Sam, Plets, D., Thielens, A., Martens, L., & Joseph, W. (2015). Impact of a small cell on the RF-EMF exposure in a train. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 12(3), 2639–2652.
Vancouver
1.
Aerts S, Plets D, Thielens A, Martens L, Joseph W. Impact of a small cell on the RF-EMF exposure in a train. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2015;12(3):2639–52.
MLA
Aerts, Sam et al. “Impact of a Small Cell on the RF-EMF Exposure in a Train.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 12.3 (2015): 2639–2652. Print.
@article{6972131,
  abstract     = {The deployment of a miniature mobile-phone base station or small cell in a train car significantly improves the coverage and the capacity of a mobile network service on the train. However, the impact of the small cell on the passengers' exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) is unknown. In this study, we assessed experimentally the RF-EMF exposure of a mobile-phone user who is either connected to the outdoor macrocell network or to an in-train small cell, while traveling on the train, by means of the absorbed-dose concept, which combines the base station downlink exposure with the mobile-phone uplink exposure. For Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) technology at 1800 MHz, we found that by connecting to a small cell, the brain exposure of the user could realistically be reduced by a factor 35 and the whole-body exposure by a factor 11.},
  author       = {Aerts, Sam and Plets, David and Thielens, Arno and Martens, Luc and Joseph, Wout},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {FIELD EXPOSURE,FEMTOCELLS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {2639--2652},
  title        = {Impact of a small cell on the RF-EMF exposure in a train},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120302639},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2015},
}

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