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Happiness in action: the impact of positive affect on the time of the conscious intention to act

Davide Rigoni, Jelle Demanet UGent and Giuseppe Sartori (2015) FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 6.
abstract
The temporal relationship between our conscious intentions to act and the action itself has been widely investigated. Previous research consistently shows that the motor intention enters awareness a few 100 ms before movement onset. As research in other domains has shown that most behavior is affected by the emotional state people are in, it is remarkable that the role of emotional states on intention awareness has never been investigated. Here we tested the hypothesis that positive and negative affects have opposite effects on the temporal relationship between the conscious intention to act and the action itself. A mood induction procedure that combined guided imagery and music listening was employed to induce positive, negative, or neutral affective states. After each mood induction session, participants were asked to execute voluntary self-paced movements and to report when they formed the intention to act. Exposure to pleasant material, as compared to exposure to unpleasant material, enhanced positive affect and dampened negative affect. Importantly, in the positive affect condition participants reported their intention to act earlier in time with respect to action onset, as compared to when they were in the negative or in the neutral affect conditions. Conversely the reported time of the intention to act when participants experienced negative affect did not differ significantly from the neutral condition. These findings suggest that the temporal relationship between the conscious intention to act and the action itself is malleable to changes in affective states and may indicate that positive affect enhances intentional awareness.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
positive affect, action control, intention, conscious awareness, MOOD, MODULATION, BRAIN, AWARENESS, ATTENTION, FREE WILL, BUILD THEORY, CIRCUMPLEX MODEL, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, COGNITIVE CONTROL, intentional action, Libet task
journal title
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
volume
6
article number
1307
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000360530600001
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
2.463 (2015)
JCR rank
29/129 (2015)
JCR quartile
1 (2015)
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01307
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
6962004
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-6962004
date created
2015-10-16 12:25:12
date last changed
2016-12-21 15:42:28
@article{6962004,
  abstract     = {The temporal relationship between our conscious intentions to act and the action itself has been widely investigated. Previous research consistently shows that the motor intention enters awareness a few 100 ms before movement onset. As research in other domains has shown that most behavior is affected by the emotional state people are in, it is remarkable that the role of emotional states on intention awareness has never been investigated. Here we tested the hypothesis that positive and negative affects have opposite effects on the temporal relationship between the conscious intention to act and the action itself. A mood induction procedure that combined guided imagery and music listening was employed to induce positive, negative, or neutral affective states. After each mood induction session, participants were asked to execute voluntary self-paced movements and to report when they formed the intention to act. Exposure to pleasant material, as compared to exposure to unpleasant material, enhanced positive affect and dampened negative affect. Importantly, in the positive affect condition participants reported their intention to act earlier in time with respect to action onset, as compared to when they were in the negative or in the neutral affect conditions. Conversely the reported time of the intention to act when participants experienced negative affect did not differ significantly from the neutral condition. These findings suggest that the temporal relationship between the conscious intention to act and the action itself is malleable to changes in affective states and may indicate that positive affect enhances intentional awareness.},
  articleno    = {1307},
  author       = {Rigoni, Davide and Demanet, Jelle and Sartori, Giuseppe},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {positive affect,action control,intention,conscious awareness,MOOD,MODULATION,BRAIN,AWARENESS,ATTENTION,FREE WILL,BUILD THEORY,CIRCUMPLEX MODEL,PARKINSONS-DISEASE,COGNITIVE CONTROL,intentional action,Libet task},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Happiness in action: the impact of positive affect on the time of the conscious intention to act},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01307},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2015},
}

Chicago
Rigoni, Davide, Jelle Demanet, and Giuseppe Sartori. 2015. “Happiness in Action: The Impact of Positive Affect on the Time of the Conscious Intention to Act.” Frontiers in Psychology 6.
APA
Rigoni, D., Demanet, J., & Sartori, G. (2015). Happiness in action: the impact of positive affect on the time of the conscious intention to act. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 6.
Vancouver
1.
Rigoni D, Demanet J, Sartori G. Happiness in action: the impact of positive affect on the time of the conscious intention to act. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2015;6.
MLA
Rigoni, Davide, Jelle Demanet, and Giuseppe Sartori. “Happiness in Action: The Impact of Positive Affect on the Time of the Conscious Intention to Act.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6 (2015): n. pag. Print.