Advanced search
1 file | 1.30 MB

Fair play in sports organizations : effectiveness of ethical codes

(2015)
Author
Promoter
(UGent)
Organization
Abstract
Ethical challenges and scandals worldwide have generated widespread interest in unethical behavior in the sports domain, both on and off the field. An often-used approach to tackle unethical behavior in sports organizations is the establishment of an ethical code, although its effectiveness remains controversial. This study aims to detail ethical codes in Flemish sports organizations. Not only the mere existence is the object of this research, but also the creation, content, implementation, and enforcement are studied. It is investigated whether the ethical code and its characteristics influence ethical behavior in sports organizations. To evaluate code effectiveness, the ethical climate index of sports organizations is assessed. Results show that although a code of ethics, as such, is not capable of influencing the ethical behavior in sports organizations, it can still be a helpful and inspiring document. For the code to become truly effective, certain conditions need to be in place. The motivation to genuinely promote ethical behavior, the involvement of the coaches in the design of the code, the explicit mentioning of management responsibilities in the code, and the communication of the code at the registration of new club members improve the ethical behavior in the sports organizations. Also the tone of the code, the applied ethical orientation and the number of statements play a key role in the code effectiveness. Therefore, although the mere presence of an ethical code seems to be ineffective to guide ethical behavior, this is still no reason to throw this instrument overboard in the battle of malicious events in organizations. A code of ethics could be a sound starting point to enhance ethics in organizations and could prove to be successful when the right conditions are in place. A fundamental concept in ethical codes is Fair Play, which concerns sports participation ethics (as opposed to the more general organizational ethics). The way in which this concept is applied, has striking consequences for the domain of sport ethics on the field. The application of this crucial concept is observed for the first time in athletes themselves, using the advanced Factorial Survey Method. The research reveals that the judgment on Fair Play by athletes is affected by the act, the level of the match and the presence of an ethical code. The use of a certain conceptualization differs according to the observed act as well as to the gender of the subject that makes the judgment. When it comes to the intention of the athletes to engage in questionable behavior, this decision again shows to be influenced by the act and the gender of the subject. Overall this study has attributed to our knowledge on ethical codes in sports organizations, and provides us with the characteristics that need to be in place to make this instrument effective in promoting organizational ethics. A quintessential concept in both sport ethics and ethical codes in sports organizations, namely Fair Play, is further investigated. This study increased the findings on the use of this central concept by athletes themselves. This project renders practical implications to increase the effectiveness of ethical codes on the sports field and points out ethical dilemmas that come forward from the different application of Fair Play by athletes.

Downloads

  • DOCTORAAT ElsDeWaegeneer.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.30 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
De Waegeneer, Els. 2015. “Fair Play in Sports Organizations : Effectiveness of Ethical Codes”. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
APA
De Waegeneer, E. (2015). Fair play in sports organizations : effectiveness of ethical codes. Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent, Belgium.
Vancouver
1.
De Waegeneer E. Fair play in sports organizations : effectiveness of ethical codes. [Ghent, Belgium]: Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences; 2015.
MLA
De Waegeneer, Els. “Fair Play in Sports Organizations : Effectiveness of Ethical Codes.” 2015 : n. pag. Print.
@phdthesis{6959874,
  abstract     = {Ethical challenges and scandals worldwide have generated widespread interest in unethical behavior in the sports domain, both on and off the field. An often-used approach to tackle unethical behavior in sports organizations is the establishment of an ethical code, although its effectiveness remains controversial. This study aims to detail ethical codes in Flemish sports organizations. Not only the mere existence is the object of this research, but also the creation, content, implementation, and enforcement are studied. It is investigated whether the ethical code and its characteristics influence ethical behavior in sports organizations. To evaluate code effectiveness, the ethical climate index of sports organizations is assessed. Results show that although a code of ethics, as such, is not capable of influencing the ethical behavior in sports organizations, it can still be a helpful and inspiring document. For the code to become truly effective, certain conditions need to be in place. The motivation to genuinely promote ethical behavior, the involvement of the coaches in the design of the code, the explicit mentioning of management responsibilities in the code, and the communication of the code at the registration of new club members improve the ethical behavior in the sports organizations. Also the tone of the code, the applied ethical orientation and the number of statements play a key role in the code effectiveness. Therefore, although the mere presence of an ethical code seems to be ineffective to guide ethical behavior, this is still no reason to throw this instrument overboard in the battle of malicious events in organizations. A code of ethics could be a sound starting point to enhance ethics in organizations and could prove to be successful when the right conditions are in place. A fundamental concept in ethical codes is Fair Play, which concerns sports participation ethics (as opposed to the more general organizational ethics). The way in which this concept is applied, has striking consequences for the domain of sport ethics on the field. The application of this crucial concept is observed for the first time in athletes themselves, using the advanced Factorial Survey Method. The research reveals that the judgment on Fair Play by athletes is affected by the act, the level of the match and the presence of an ethical code. The use of a certain conceptualization differs according to the observed act as well as to the gender of the subject that makes the judgment. When it comes to the intention of the athletes to engage in questionable behavior, this decision again shows to be influenced by the act and the gender of the subject. Overall this study has attributed to our knowledge on ethical codes in sports organizations, and provides us with the characteristics that need to be in place to make this instrument effective in promoting organizational ethics. A quintessential concept in both sport ethics and ethical codes in sports organizations, namely Fair Play, is further investigated. This study increased the findings on the use of this central concept by athletes themselves. This project renders practical implications to increase the effectiveness of ethical codes on the sports field and points out ethical dilemmas that come forward from the different application of Fair Play by athletes.},
  author       = {De Waegeneer, Els},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {207},
  publisher    = {Ghent University. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {Fair play in sports organizations : effectiveness of ethical codes},
  year         = {2015},
}