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A resource type analysis of the integrated project scheduling and personnel staffing problem

Broos Maenhout (UGent) and Mario Vanhoucke (UGent)
(2017) ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH. 252(2). p.407-433
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Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Vlaanderen (FWO), Belgium, under Contract Number G015711N
Abstract
In the integrated project scheduling and personnel staffing problem the project activities are scheduled and simultaneously a staffing plan is composed to carry out a single project. In this way, the project schedule that leads to the staffing plan with minimum cost is determined. In this paper, we evaluate different scheduling policies and practices for different personnel resource types. We examine the impact on the staffing cost when the personnel resources are scheduled in a cyclic versus a non-cyclic manner for different (days on, days off)-patterns. Furthermore, the impact of introducing more flexible resource types, such as overtime and temporary help, is explored in relationship with the activity resource demand variability. Computational results show that non-cyclic scheduling leads to a considerable lower staffing cost under all circumstances compared to cyclic scheduling. However, despite the tractability of the resource requirements, flexible temporary resources are essential on top of the regular personnel resources to respond to the variability in demand. The addition of overtime on a strategic staffing level only marginally decreases the personnel cost.
Keywords
Manpower planning Project scheduling Cyclic scheduling Non-cyclic scheduling

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Citation

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Chicago
Maenhout, Broos, and Mario Vanhoucke. 2017. “A Resource Type Analysis of the Integrated Project Scheduling and Personnel Staffing Problem.” Annals of Operations Research 252 (2): 407–433.
APA
Maenhout, B., & Vanhoucke, M. (2017). A resource type analysis of the integrated project scheduling and personnel staffing problem. ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH, 252(2), 407–433.
Vancouver
1.
Maenhout B, Vanhoucke M. A resource type analysis of the integrated project scheduling and personnel staffing problem. ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH. Springer-Verlag; 2017;252(2):407–33.
MLA
Maenhout, Broos, and Mario Vanhoucke. “A Resource Type Analysis of the Integrated Project Scheduling and Personnel Staffing Problem.” ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH 252.2 (2017): 407–433. Print.
@article{6959691,
  abstract     = {In the integrated project scheduling and personnel staffing problem the project activities are scheduled and simultaneously a staffing plan is composed to carry out a single project. In this way, the project schedule that leads to the staffing plan with minimum cost is determined. In this paper, we evaluate different scheduling policies and practices for different personnel resource types. We examine the impact on the staffing cost when the personnel resources are scheduled in a cyclic versus a non-cyclic manner for different (days on, days off)-patterns. Furthermore, the impact of introducing more flexible resource types, such as overtime and temporary help, is explored in relationship with the activity resource demand variability. Computational results show that non-cyclic scheduling leads to a considerable lower staffing cost under all circumstances compared to cyclic scheduling. However, despite the tractability of the resource requirements, flexible temporary resources are essential on top of the regular personnel resources to respond to the variability in demand. The addition of overtime on a strategic staffing level only marginally decreases the personnel cost.},
  author       = {Maenhout, Broos and Vanhoucke, Mario},
  issn         = {0254-5330 },
  journal      = {ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {Manpower planning Project scheduling Cyclic scheduling Non-cyclic scheduling},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {407--433},
  publisher    = {Springer-Verlag},
  title        = {A resource type analysis of the integrated project scheduling and personnel staffing problem},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10479-015-2033-z},
  volume       = {252},
  year         = {2017},
}

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