Advanced search
1 file | 1.16 MB Add to list

Clinical parameters as predictors of bacterial isolation in the uterine content of dogs suspected of pyometra

Adriaan Kitshoff (UGent) , Bart Van Goethem (UGent) , Filip Boyen (UGent) , O Tas, Ingeborgh Polis (UGent) and Hilde De Rooster (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
In this study, female canines referred with clinical signs consistent with pyometra were prospectively evaluated. Signalment, clinical signs, laboratory findings and surgical findings were compared between dogs with and without bacterial isolation based on aerobic techniques. Patients with positive bacterial isolation were placed in the pyometra group, whereas patients with negative bacterial isolation were grouped as mucometra. A total of 140 dogs (118 with pyometra and 22 with mucometra) met the inclusion criteria. Prereferral antibiotic administration was associated with a prolonged duration of clinical signs in the patients of the pyometra group (12 +/- 2 days versus 7 +/- 1 days; P=0.006). In the pyometra patients, clinical signs, like pyrexia, anorexia and discomfort on abdominal palpation, were observed more commonly than in the mucometra group. The total leukocyte count was the only parameter that differed significantly between the two groups (P=0.01). Although no difference in color and consistency of the uterine fluid was noted, the uteri of the pyometra group were heavier (851.80 +/- 800.30 g compared to 263.50 +/- 297.10 g). E. coil was the most commonly isolated bacterium (92/123).
Keywords
CANINE PYOMETRA, CYSTIC ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, BITCHES, COMPLEX, BREED, CATS, DIFFERENTIATION, PATHOGENESIS, DYSFUNCTION

Downloads

  • Clinical parameters as predictors of bacterial isolation in the uterine.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.16 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Kitshoff, Adriaan et al. “Clinical Parameters as Predictors of Bacterial Isolation in the Uterine Content of Dogs Suspected of Pyometra.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 84.4 (2015): 188–196. Print.
APA
Kitshoff, A., Van Goethem, B., Boyen, F., Tas, O., Polis, I., & De Rooster, H. (2015). Clinical parameters as predictors of bacterial isolation in the uterine content of dogs suspected of pyometra. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 84(4), 188–196.
Chicago author-date
Kitshoff, Adriaan, Bart Van Goethem, Filip Boyen, O Tas, Ingeborgh Polis, and Hilde De Rooster. 2015. “Clinical Parameters as Predictors of Bacterial Isolation in the Uterine Content of Dogs Suspected of Pyometra.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 84 (4): 188–196.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Kitshoff, Adriaan, Bart Van Goethem, Filip Boyen, O Tas, Ingeborgh Polis, and Hilde De Rooster. 2015. “Clinical Parameters as Predictors of Bacterial Isolation in the Uterine Content of Dogs Suspected of Pyometra.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 84 (4): 188–196.
Vancouver
1.
Kitshoff A, Van Goethem B, Boyen F, Tas O, Polis I, De Rooster H. Clinical parameters as predictors of bacterial isolation in the uterine content of dogs suspected of pyometra. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2015;84(4):188–96.
IEEE
[1]
A. Kitshoff, B. Van Goethem, F. Boyen, O. Tas, I. Polis, and H. De Rooster, “Clinical parameters as predictors of bacterial isolation in the uterine content of dogs suspected of pyometra,” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 188–196, 2015.
@article{6957055,
  abstract     = {In this study, female canines referred with clinical signs consistent with pyometra were prospectively evaluated. Signalment, clinical signs, laboratory findings and surgical findings were compared between dogs with and without bacterial isolation based on aerobic techniques. Patients with positive bacterial isolation were placed in the pyometra group, whereas patients with negative bacterial isolation were grouped as mucometra. A total of 140 dogs (118 with pyometra and 22 with mucometra) met the inclusion criteria. 
Prereferral antibiotic administration was associated with a prolonged duration of clinical signs in the patients of the pyometra group (12 +/- 2 days versus 7 +/- 1 days; P=0.006). In the pyometra patients, clinical signs, like pyrexia, anorexia and discomfort on abdominal palpation, were observed more commonly than in the mucometra group. The total leukocyte count was the only parameter that differed significantly between the two groups (P=0.01). Although no difference in color and consistency of the uterine fluid was noted, the uteri of the pyometra group were heavier (851.80 +/- 800.30 g compared to 263.50 +/- 297.10 g). E. coil was the most commonly isolated bacterium (92/123).},
  author       = {Kitshoff, Adriaan and Van Goethem, Bart and Boyen, Filip and Tas, O and Polis, Ingeborgh and De Rooster, Hilde},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keywords     = {CANINE PYOMETRA,CYSTIC ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA,ESCHERICHIA-COLI,BITCHES,COMPLEX,BREED,CATS,DIFFERENTIATION,PATHOGENESIS,DYSFUNCTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {188--196},
  title        = {Clinical parameters as predictors of bacterial isolation in the uterine content of dogs suspected of pyometra},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/sites/default/files/Art%202%20in%20English.pdf},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2015},
}

Web of Science
Times cited: