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The moderating impact of distal regularities on the effect of stimulus pairings: a novel perspective on evaluative conditioning

(2016) EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 63(1). p.20-44
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Abstract
Throughout much of the past century psychologists have focused their attention on a seemingly simple question: How do people come to like or dislike stimuli in the environment? Evaluative Conditioning (EC) - a change in liking due to the pairing of stimuli - has been offered as one avenue through which novel preferences may be formed and existing ones altered. In the current article, we offer a new look at EC from the perspective of Contextual Behavioral Science (CBS) and, more specifically, Relational Frame Theory (RFT). We briefly review the EC literature, introduce Contextual Behavioral Science (CBS), Relational Frame Theory (RFT), and then describe a behavioral phenomenon known as arbitrarily applicable relational responding (AARR). Afterwards, we examine the relationship between EC and AARR. This novel perspective offers ways to organize existing as well as predict new EC effects, contributes to debates on "genuine" EC, human versus nonhuman EC, and further facilitates the development and refinement of cognitive theories of EC.
Keywords
evaluative conditioning, Relational Frame Theory, MATCHING-TO-SAMPLE, IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, CONTINGENCY AWARENESS, EQUIVALENCE-RELATIONS, UNCONDITIONED STIMULI, AUTOMATIC EVALUATION, FUNCTIONAL-APPROACH, RELATIONAL FRAMES, ATTITUDE RESEARCH, LATENT INHIBITION, AARR

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Citation

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MLA
Hughes, Sean Joseph, Jan De Houwer, and Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes. “The Moderating Impact of Distal Regularities on the Effect of Stimulus Pairings: a Novel Perspective on Evaluative Conditioning.” EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 63.1 (2016): 20–44. Print.
APA
Hughes, S. J., De Houwer, J., & Barnes-Holmes, P. M. D. (2016). The moderating impact of distal regularities on the effect of stimulus pairings: a novel perspective on evaluative conditioning. EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 63(1), 20–44.
Chicago author-date
Hughes, Sean Joseph, Jan De Houwer, and Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes. 2016. “The Moderating Impact of Distal Regularities on the Effect of Stimulus Pairings: a Novel Perspective on Evaluative Conditioning.” Experimental Psychology 63 (1): 20–44.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hughes, Sean Joseph, Jan De Houwer, and Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes. 2016. “The Moderating Impact of Distal Regularities on the Effect of Stimulus Pairings: a Novel Perspective on Evaluative Conditioning.” Experimental Psychology 63 (1): 20–44.
Vancouver
1.
Hughes SJ, De Houwer J, Barnes-Holmes PMD. The moderating impact of distal regularities on the effect of stimulus pairings: a novel perspective on evaluative conditioning. EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2016;63(1):20–44.
IEEE
[1]
S. J. Hughes, J. De Houwer, and P. M. D. Barnes-Holmes, “The moderating impact of distal regularities on the effect of stimulus pairings: a novel perspective on evaluative conditioning,” EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 20–44, 2016.
@article{6956395,
  abstract     = {Throughout much of the past century psychologists have focused their attention on a seemingly simple question: How do people come to like or dislike stimuli in the environment? Evaluative Conditioning (EC) - a change in liking due to the pairing of stimuli - has been offered as one avenue through which novel preferences may be formed and existing ones altered. In the current article, we offer a new look at EC from the perspective of Contextual Behavioral Science (CBS) and, more specifically, Relational Frame Theory (RFT). We briefly review the EC literature, introduce Contextual Behavioral Science (CBS), Relational Frame Theory (RFT), and then describe a behavioral phenomenon known as arbitrarily applicable relational responding (AARR). Afterwards, we examine the relationship between EC and AARR. This novel perspective offers ways to organize existing as well as predict new EC effects, contributes to debates on "genuine" EC, human versus nonhuman EC, and further facilitates the development and refinement of cognitive theories of EC.},
  author       = {Hughes, Sean Joseph and De Houwer, Jan and Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot},
  issn         = {1618-3169},
  journal      = {EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {evaluative conditioning,Relational Frame Theory,MATCHING-TO-SAMPLE,IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST,CONTINGENCY AWARENESS,EQUIVALENCE-RELATIONS,UNCONDITIONED STIMULI,AUTOMATIC EVALUATION,FUNCTIONAL-APPROACH,RELATIONAL FRAMES,ATTITUDE RESEARCH,LATENT INHIBITION,AARR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {20--44},
  title        = {The moderating impact of distal regularities on the effect of stimulus pairings: a novel perspective on evaluative conditioning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1618-3169/a000310},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2016},
}

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